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Publications (6)38.38 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The CRTH2 antagonist OC000459 has previously been demonstrated to reduce airway inflammation and improve lung function in moderate persistent asthma. A study was conducted to determine the effect of lower once daily doses of OC000459 and to define of the phenotype of subjects most responsive to treatment.
    Allergy 05/2014; · 5.88 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 02/2014; 133(2):AB3. · 12.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic, Th2-type inflammatory disease. Chemoattractant receptor-homologous molecule on Th2 cells (CRTH2) is a prostaglandin D(2) (PGD(2) ) receptor, expressed by Th2 cells and other inflammatory cells, including eosinophils and basophils, that mediates chemotaxis and activation. OC000459 is a selective CRTH2 antagonist and would be expected to suppress eosinophilic tissue inflammation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of an OC000459 monotherapy in adult patients with active, corticosteroid-dependent or corticosteroid-refractory EoE. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 26 adult patients (m/f = 22/4; mean age 41 years, range 22-69 years) with active EoE, dependent or resistant to corticosteroids, were treated either with 100 mg OC000459 (n = 14) or placebo (n = 12) twice daily. Pre- and post-treatment disease activity was assessed clinically, endoscopically, histologically, and via biomarkers. The primary end point was the reduction in esophageal eosinophil infiltration. RESULTS: After an 8-week OC000459 treatment, the esophageal eosinophil load decreased significantly, from 114.83 to 73.26 eosinophils per high-power field [(eos/hpf), P = 0.0256], whereas no reduction was observed with placebo (102.80-99.47 eos/hpf, P = 0.870). With OC000459, the physician's global assessment of disease activity improved from 7.13 to 5.18 (P = 0.035). OC000459 likewise reduced extracellular deposits of eosinophil peroxidase and tenascin C, the effects not seen with placebo. No serious adverse events were observed. CONCLUSIONS: An 8-week treatment with the CRTH2-antagonist, OC000459, exerts modest, but significant, anti-eosinophil and beneficial clinical effects in adult patients with active, corticosteroid-dependent or corticosteroid-refractory EoE and is well tolerated.
    Allergy 02/2013; · 5.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: CRTH2 mediates activation of Th2 cells, eosinophils and basophils in response to prostaglandin D(2) . The CRTH2 antagonist OC000459 has previously been demonstrated to reduce airway inflammation and improve lung function in moderate persistent asthma. The objective of the present study was to determine the involvement of CRTH2 in promoting nasal and ocular symptoms in allergic subjects exposed to grass pollen. METHODS: A single centre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-way crossover study was conducted in 35 male subjects allergic to grass pollen comparing OC000459 200 mg bid with placebo for 8 days. Subjects were exposed to grass pollen (≥1400 grains/m(3) ) for 6 h on the 2nd and 8th days of treatment and assessed for nasal symptoms, ocular symptoms, other symptoms, nasal secretion weight and rhinomanometry over the 6-h period. After a washout period of 3 weeks, subjects were switched to the alternative treatment for a further 8 days. The trial was registered on the clinical trials.gov database (Identifier NCT01448902). RESULTS: During the first treatment period, treatment with OC000459 significantly reduced both nasal and ocular symptoms in allergic subjects compared with placebo after challenge with grass pollen. A significant effect was observed on the 2nd day of dosing which was increased on the 8th day of dosing. The therapeutic effects of OC000459 persisted into the second treatment period despite a 3-week washout phase. The safety profile of OC000459 was similar to that of placebo. CONCLUSION: Treatment with OC000459 was well tolerated and led to a significant and persistent reduction in the symptoms of rhinoconjunctivitis.
    Allergy 10/2012; · 5.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: D prostanoid receptor 2 (DP₂) [also known as chemoattractant receptor-homologous molecule expressed on T helper 2 (Th2) cells (CRTH2)] is selectively expressed by Th2 lymphocytes, eosinophils, and basophils and mediates recruitment and activation of these cell types in response to prostaglandin D₂ (PGD₂). (5-Fluoro-2-methyl-3-quinolin-2-ylmethylindo-1-yl)-acetic acid (OC000459) is an indole-acetic acid derivative that potently displaces [³H]PGD₂ from human recombinant DP₂ (K(i) = 0.013 μM), rat recombinant DP₂ (K(i) = 0.003 μM), and human native DP₂ (Th2 cell membranes; K(i) = 0.004 μM) but does not interfere with the ligand binding properties or functional activities of other prostanoid receptors (prostaglandin E₁₋₄ receptors, D prostanoid receptor 1, thromboxane receptor, prostacyclin receptor, and prostaglandin F receptor). OC000459 inhibited chemotaxis (IC₅₀ = 0.028 μM) of human Th2 lymphocytes and cytokine production (IC₅₀ = 0.019 μM) by human Th2 lymphocytes. OC000459 competitively antagonized eosinophil shape change responses induced by PGD₂ in both isolated human leukocytes (pK(B) = 7.9) and human whole blood (pK(B) = 7.5) but did not inhibit responses to eotaxin, 5-oxo-eicosatetraenoic acid, or complement component C5a. OC000459 also inhibited the activation of Th2 cells and eosinophils in response to supernatants from IgE/anti-IgE-activated human mast cells. OC000459 had no significant inhibitory activity on a battery of 69 receptors and 19 enzymes including cyclooxygenase 1 (COX1) and COX2. OC000459 was found to be orally bioavailable in rats and effective in inhibiting blood eosinophilia induced by 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-PGD₂ (DK-PGD₂) in this species (ED₅₀ = 0.04 mg/kg p.o.) and airway eosinophilia in response to an aerosol of DK-PGD₂ in guinea pigs (ED₅₀ = 0.01 mg/kg p.o.). These data indicate that OC000459 is a potent, selective, and orally active DP₂ antagonist that retains activity in human whole blood and inhibits mast cell-dependent activation of both human Th2 lymphocytes and eosinophils.
    Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 11/2011; 340(2):473-82. · 3.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CRTH2 is a G-protein-coupled receptor that mediates the activation of Th2 lymphocytes, eosinophils and basophils in response to prostaglandin D(2) and may be involved in the pathogenesis of airway inflammation and dysfunction in asthma. To evaluate the effects of a potent and selective CRTH2 antagonist, OC000459, on the lung function, symptoms and eosinophilic airway inflammation in a double-blind, parallel group trial in steroid-free subjects with moderate persistent asthma. Adult subjects were randomized to oral OC000459 200 mg twice daily (N=65) or a placebo (N=67) for 28 days. The primary end-point was the change from baseline in pre-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1) ); eosinophilic airway inflammation was assessed by induced sputum differential eosinophil count. The trial was registered on the clinicaltrials.gov database (Identifier NCT01057927). Data were analysed for both the Full Analysis (FA) population and the Per Protocol (PP) population (55 treated with OC000459 and 52 with placebo), which excluded non-compliant subjects. In the FA population, the mean change in FEV(1) was 7.1% on OC000459 compared with 4.3% on placebo (not significant); in the PP population, the mean changes were 9.2% and 1.8%, respectively (P=0.037). Improvement in quality of life was apparent in both FA and PP populations [difference from the placebo in AQLQ(S) total score of 0.29, P=0.0113 and 0.37, P=0.0022, respectively]. OC000459 also improved the night-time symptom scores (mean reduction of 0.36 vs. 0.11, P=0.008, FA population; 0.37 vs. 0.12, P=0.022, PP population). The geometric mean sputum eosinophil count reduced from 2.1% to 0.7% (P=0.03) after OC000459, but this effect was not significant when compared with the change on placebo (P=0.37). Adverse events on OC000459 were comparable to those on placebo; respiratory infections were notably less common during OC000459 than the placebo treatment. This study provides the first clinical evidence that CRTH2 receptors contribute to airflow limitation, symptoms and eosinophilic airway inflammation in asthma. OC000459 shows promise as a novel oral treatment for asthma and related disorders.
    Clinical & Experimental Allergy 07/2011; 42(1):38-48. · 4.79 Impact Factor