ABSTRACT: The main anchoring proteins of myocardial cells with each other and with the extracellular matrix are integrins present in the membranes of myocardial cells. These integrins are important for maintaining the architecture of the myocardial tissue and the mechanotransduction in the heart. Heart failure leads to various alterations in the myocardium, such as changes in morphology, and in expression of mRNAs, miRNAs, and proteins. Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support in heart failure patients has been described to induce reverse remodeling of the myocardium and thus to (some degree of) reversal of the aforementioned alterations. In this study, we evaluated whether changes in expression of integrins α-1, -3, -5, -6, -7, -10, -11 and β-1, -3, -5 and -6 play a role during reverse remodeling.
Three-step immunoperoxidase staining procedures were applied on frozen heart tissue sections to locate the various integrins tested. Integrin mRNA expression was established by standard Q-PCR procedures.
It was shown that mRNA expression of several integrins changes significantly during LVAD support, however without subsequent changes in immunohistochemical detectable quantities. Various integrins showed different locations within the myocardium.
LVAD-induced reversed remodeling did not result in significant integrin protein expression, although changes in integrin mRNA expression suggested an adaptation to unloading.
Cardiovascular pathology: the official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology 11/2011; 21(4):291-8. · 1.63 Impact Factor