[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Clinical practice adherence to current guidelines that recommend primary prophylaxis (PP) with granulocyte colony-stimulating factors (G-CSFs) for patients at high (≥20 %) overall risk of febrile neutropenia (FN) was evaluated.
Adult patients with breast cancer, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), or ovarian cancer were enrolled if myelotoxic chemotherapy was planned, and they had an investigator-assessed overall FN risk ≥20 %. The primary outcome was FN incidence.
In total, 1,347 patients were analysed (breast cancer, n = 829; NSCLC, n = 224; SCLC, n = 137; ovarian cancer, n = 157). Patients with breast cancer exhibited fewer individual FN risk factors than patients with other cancers and were far more likely to have received a high-FN-risk chemotherapy regimen. However, a substantial proportion of all patients (45-80 % across tumour types) did not receive G-CSF PP in alignment with investigator risk assessment and guideline recommendations. FN occurred in 127 patients overall (9 %, 95% confidence interval (CI) 8-11 %), and incidence was higher in SCLC (15 %) than other tumour types (8 % in ovarian and NSCLC, 9 % in breast cancer). A post hoc analysis of G-CSF use indicated that G-CSF prophylaxis was not given within the recommended timeframe after chemotherapy (within 1-3 days) or was not continued across all cycles in 39 % of patients.
FN risk assessment was predominantly based on clinical judgement and individual risk factors, and guidelines regarding G-CSF PP for patients at high FN risk were not consistently followed. Improved education of physicians may enable more fully informed neutropenia management in patients with solid tumours.
Supportive Care in Cancer 10/2013; · 2.09 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Febrile neutropenia (FN) is a common and serious complication of chemotherapy treatment. Clinical risk models may help identify high risk FN patients but must undergo external validation before implementation in medical practice. Therefore, this study externally validated previously published clinical models of FN occurrence during chemotherapy in 240 non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients by using an independent observational dataset (N=1829). The models demonstrated predictive ability, and validation criteria for predicting any cycle FN were partially met but a larger than expected decrease in performance was noted (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.71 in the validation dataset and 0.83 in the training dataset). Age, weight, baseline white blood cell counts and planned chemotherapy parameters were confirmed to predict FN risk. Chemotherapy dose reductions, dose delays and colony-stimulating factor use were confirmed as risk modifiers during treatment. Further work is needed to improve the predictive ability of FN risk models.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The incidence of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is increasing in the elderly population, which is a more challenging population to treat because of comorbidities and enhanced sensitivity to chemotherapy toxicities. This analysis evaluated the impact of age group on assessment of febrile neutropenia (FN) risk, supportive care management, and chemotherapy delivery.
The IMPACT non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) trial was an observational study conducted in Europe and Australia. This analysis included 1113 patients with DLBCL treated with rituximab (R)-CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin [hydroxydaunorubicin], vincristine [Oncovin], and prednisone) every 14 days (n = 409) or every 21 days (n = 704). Outcomes were reported for ages < 65 years and ≥ 65 years. The primary outcome in this analysis was the proportion of patients assessed by investigators as having an overall high (≥ 20%) FN risk who received granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) primary prophylaxis.
For R-CHOP-14, investigators assessed 78% of younger patients and 80% of older patients with ≥ 20% risk of FN, although 14% of younger and 19% of older high-risk patients did not receive G-CSF primary prophylaxis. For R-CHOP-21, investigators assessed 52% of younger and 71% of older patients with ≥ 20% risk of FN; however, 61% of younger and 47% of older high-risk patients did not receive G-CSF primary prophylaxis. Regardless of chemotherapy regimen, rates of FN and unplanned hospitalization were higher in older patients, and delivery of chemotherapy was poorer.
Adherence to G-CSF guidelines in patients assessed with high FN risk was suboptimal in patients with DLBCL receiving R-CHOP chemotherapy, with substantial proportions of both younger and older patients receiving R-CHOP-21 failing to receive optimal G-CSF support. Better application of guidelines could reduce FN rates and improve outcomes.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Economic implications of chemotherapy-induced febrile neutropenia (FN) in European and Australian clinical practice are largely unknown. METHODS: Data were obtained from a European (97%) and Australian (3%) observational study of patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) receiving CHOP ([PLUS-MINUS SIGN]rituximab) chemotherapy. For each patient, each cycle of chemotherapy within the course, and each occurrence of FN within cycles, was identified. Patients developing FN in a given cycle ("FN patients"), starting with the first, were matched to those who did not develop FN in that cycle ("comparison patients"), irrespective of subsequent FN events. FN-related healthcare costs ([POUND SIGN]2010) were tallied for the initial FN event as well as follow-on care and FN events in subsequent cycles. RESULTS: Mean total cost was [POUND SIGN]5776 (95%CI [POUND SIGN]4928-[POUND SIGN]6713) higher for FN patients (n = 295) versus comparison patients, comprising [POUND SIGN]4051 ([POUND SIGN]3633-[POUND SIGN]4485) for the initial event and a difference of [POUND SIGN]1725 ([POUND SIGN]978-[POUND SIGN]2498) in subsequent cycles. Among FN patients requiring inpatient care (76% of all FN patients), mean total cost was higher by [POUND SIGN]7259 ([POUND SIGN]6327-[POUND SIGN]8205), comprising [POUND SIGN]5281 ([POUND SIGN]4810-[POUND SIGN]5774) for the initial hospitalization and a difference of [POUND SIGN]1978 ([POUND SIGN]1262-[POUND SIGN]2801) in subsequent cycles. CONCLUSIONS: Cost of chemotherapy-induced FN among NHL patients in European and Australian clinical practice is substantial; a sizable percentage is attributable to follow-on care and subsequent FN events.
BMC Cancer 08/2012; 12(1):362. · 3.33 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Febrile neutropenia (FN) risk-assessment and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) prophylaxis use in clinical practice was evaluated in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma receiving R-CHOP-21. More G-CSF primary prophylaxis was used in patients assessed as high FN risk, but R-CHOP-21 was associated with substantial myelotoxicity in both high- and low-risk groups. In a multivariate analysis, older age, poor performance status, lower baseline hemoglobin, and lack of G-CSF prophylaxis were significantly associated with occurrence of FN in any cycle. Results highlight the need for improved FN risk-assessment and thorough guideline adherence to further reduce FN and better support chemotherapy delivery.
Leukemia research 02/2012; 36(5):548-53. · 2.36 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This analysis from an observational study of clinical practice describes the impact of febrile neutropenia (FN) on chemotherapy delivery and hospitalizations.
Adults with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) scheduled to receive ≥ 3 cycles of 2- or 3-weekly CHOP with rituximab (R-CHOP-14/21) were eligible. Primary outcome was incidence of FN.
FN data were available for 409 patients receiving R-CHOP-14 and 702 patients receiving R-CHOP-21. FN incidence was R-CHOP-14, 20% (81/409) and R-CHOP-21, 19% (133/702). Rates of primary prophylaxis with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor were R-CHOP-14, 84% (345/409) and R-CHOP-21, 36% (252/702). A large number of patients experienced their first FN episode in cycle 1 (R-CHOP-14, 24/81 [30%]; R-CHOP-21, 63/133 [47%]). Multiple risk factors (≥ 2) for FN were more frequent in patients experiencing FN than in patients not experiencing FN (R-CHOP-14, 60/81 [74%] versus 179/328 [55%]; R-CHOP-21, 98/133 [74%] versus 339/569 [60%]). A similar trend was observed for unplanned hospitalizations (R-CHOP-14, 63/81 [78%] versus 68/328 [21%]; R-CHOP-21, 105/133 [79%] versus 100/569 [18%]). Achievement of chemotherapy relative dose intensity ≥ 90% was lower among patients experiencing FN than in patients not experiencing FN (R-CHOP-14, 30/81 [37%] versus 234/328 [71%]; R-CHOP-21, 83/133 [62%] versus 434/569 [76%]).
In patients with DLBCL treated with R-CHOP-14 or R-CHOP-21, patients with an event of FN were more likely to experience suboptimal chemotherapy delivery and increased incidence of unplanned hospitalizations than those without FN. FN-related hospitalizations are likely to impact chemotherapy delivery and to incur substantial costs.
Supportive Care in Cancer 11/2011; 20(3):647-52. · 2.09 Impact Factor