Jeng-Shin Lee

Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States

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Publications (2)16.66 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Chronic inflammatory processes have been increasingly shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of diabetes and diabetic nephropathy. Recently, we demonstrated that a lectin-like domain of thrombomodulin (THBD), which is known as THBD domain 1 (THBDD1) and which acts independently of protein C activation, neutralised an inflammatory response in a mouse model of sepsis. Here, therapeutic effects of gene therapy with adeno-associated virus (AAV)-carried THBDD1 (AAV-THBDD1) were tested in a mouse model of type 2 diabetic nephropathy. To assess the therapeutic potential of THBDD1 and the mechanisms involved, we delivered AAV-THBDD1 (10(11) genome copies) into db/db mice and tested the effects of recombinant THBDD1 on conditionally immortalised podocytes. A single dose of AAV-THBDD1 improved albuminuria, renal interstitial inflammation and glomerular sclerosis, as well as renal function in db/db mice. These effects were closely associated with: (1) inhibited activation of the nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) pathway and the NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome; (2) promotion of nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (NRF2) nuclear translocation; and (3) suppression of mitochondria-derived apoptosis in the kidney of treated mice. AAV-THBDD1 gene therapy resulted in improvements in a model of diabetic nephropathy by suppressing the NF-κB-NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated inflammatory process, enhancing the NRF2 antioxidant pathway and inhibiting apoptosis in the kidney.
    Diabetologia 11/2013; DOI:10.1007/s00125-013-3115-6 · 6.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lewis Y Ag (LeY) is a cell-surface tetrasaccharide that participates in angiogenesis. Recently, we demonstrated that LeY is a specific ligand of the recombinant lectin-like domain of thrombomodulin (TM). However, the biologic function of interaction between LeY and TM in endothelial cells has never been investigated. Therefore, the role of LeY in tube formation and the role of the recombinant lectin-like domain of TM-TM domain 1 (rTMD1)-in antiangiogenesis were investigated. The recombinant TM ectodomain exhibited lower angiogenic activity than did the recombinant TM domains 2 and 3. rTMD1 interacted with soluble LeY and membrane-bound LeY and inhibited soluble LeY-mediated chemotaxis of endothelial cells. LeY was highly expressed on membrane ruffles and protrusions during tube formation on Matrigel. Blockade of LeY with rTMD1 or Ab against LeY inhibited endothelial tube formation in vitro. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor in HUVECs was LeY modified. rTMD1 inhibited EGF receptor signaling, chemotaxis, and tube formation in vitro, and EGF-mediated angiogenesis and tumor angiogenesis in vivo. We concluded that LeY is involved in vascular endothelial tube formation and rTMD1 inhibits angiogenesis via interaction with LeY. Administration of rTMD1 or recombinant adeno-associated virus vector carrying TMD1 could be a promising antiangiogenesis strategy.
    Blood 11/2011; 119(5):1302-13. DOI:10.1182/blood-2011-08-376038 · 9.78 Impact Factor