Xing-Guo Sun

Beijing Fuwai Hospital, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (2)1.8 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Iloprost has been used to test acute pulmonary vasoreactivity in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We aimed to investigate the acute hemodynamic and oxygenation responses and tolerability to 20 µg aerosolized Iloprost in Chinese patients with pulmonary hypertension. Between March 2005 and May 2010, 212 pulmonary hypertension patients inhaled a single dose of 20 µg Iloprost over 10 - 15 minutes for vasoreactivity testing. The acute hemodynamic and oxygenation responses and adverse events were recorded. Iloprost decreased total pulmonary resistance ((1747 ± 918) dyn×s×cm(-5) vs. (1581 ± 937) dyn×s×cm(-5), P < 0.001), increased stroke volume ((45.0 ± 22.1) ml vs. (47.0 ± 24.2) ml, P = 0.002), and cardiac output ((3.7 ± 1.7) L/ml vs. (3.9 ± 1.9) L/min, P = 0.009). Heart rate and systemic vascular resistance remained stable during inhalation. However, systemic arterial blood oxygen saturation fell slightly ((91.0 ± 6.8)% vs. (90.3 ± 6.7)%, P = 0.002). Pulmonary and systemic arterial blood pressures declined within 1 - 3 minutes after inhalation initiation and reached their lowest levels within 10 - 15 minutes. Idiopathic PAH responded more favorably than pulmonary hypertension due to other causes (P £0.001) and patients with less severe pulmonary hypertension have better responses to Iloprost. No adverse events requiring medical care or leading to termination of inhalation occurred. Inhalation of 20 µg Iloprost showed potent and selective pulmonary hemodynamic effects and was well tolerated in the Chinese pulmonary hypertension patients. Patients with idiopathic PAH and less severe pulmonary hypertension responded more favorably to inhalation of Iloprost.
    Chinese medical journal 08/2012; 125(16):2826-31. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary angiography is widely performed in pulmonary hypertension patients, but its immediate effects on right heart hemodynamics and safety are not well known. The objective of this study was to investigate the right heart hemodynamic effects and safety of pulmonary angiography in Chinese patients with pulmonary hypertension. Between January 2008 and June 2009, pulmonary hypertension patients undergoing pulmonary angiography were consecutively enrolled. Pulmonary angiography was performed during breath-holding after deep breathing. The baseline clinical data, hemodynamic measurements before and after pulmonary angiography and complications occurring within 48 hours after angiography were recorded. Ninety-five patients were included. All received non-ionic contrast medium with a volume of (75.7 ± 29.8) ml. Angiography reduced heart rate in patients with baseline mean pulmonary arterial pressure ≥ 60 mmHg (change of heart rate: (-3.1 ± 7.0) beats/min, P = 0.005), increased mean right atrial pressure, diastolic and end-diastolic right ventricular pressure in patients with baseline mean pulmonary arterial pressure < 60 mmHg (all P < 0.05). Patients with decreased mean pulmonary arterial pressure (change of mean pulmonary arterial pressure ≤ -10 mmHg) had the highest total pulmonary resistance (P = 0.009 vs. no change in mean pulmonary arterial pressure (change of mean pulmonary arterial pressure, -10 mmHg to 10 mmHg); P = 0.03 vs. increased mean pulmonary arterial pressure (change of mean pulmonary arterial pressure ≥ 10 mmHg)) and the lowest cardiac output (P = 0.018 vs. no change in mean pulmonary arterial pressure; P = 0.013 vs. increased mean pulmonary arterial pressure). There were 7 complications (7%), with 6 related to catheter and only 1 directly related to angiography. All complications were mild and no death occurred. Pulmonary angiography has minimal effect on right heart hemodynamics and is safe in pulmonary hypertension patients.
    Chinese medical journal 10/2011; 124(20):3232-7. · 0.90 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1 Citation
1.80 Total Impact Points

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Institutions

  • 2012
    • Beijing Fuwai Hospital
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2011
    • Peking Union Medical College Hospital
      Peping, Beijing, China