[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Platinum-based chemotherapy is the standard first-line treatment for non-oncogene- addicted non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) and the analysis of multiple DNA repair genes could improve current models for predicting chemosensitivity. We investigated the potential predictive role of components of the 53BP1 pathway in conjunction with BRCA1. The mRNA expression of BRCA1, MDC1, CASPASE3, UBC13, RNF8, 53BP1, PIAS4, UBC9 and MMSET was analyzed by real-time PCR in 115 advanced NSCLC patients treated with first-line platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients expressing low levels of both BRCA1 and 53BP1 obtained a median progression-free survival of 10.3 months and overall survival of 19.3 months, while among those with low BRCA1 and high 53BP1 progression-free survival was 5.9 months (P less than 0.0001) and overall survival was 8.2 months (P=0.001). The expression of 53BP1 refines BRCA1-based predictive modeling to identify patients most likely to benefit from platinum-based chemotherapy.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a common malignant disease with an extremely poor prognosis. Chemotherapeutic treatment for advanced disease is currently based on histological subtyping, but recent discoveries of genetic alterations in subsets of NSCLC have already changed clinical practice with regard to Egfr mutations as predictive markers of response to gefitinib and erlotinib. This has also paved the way for the integration of molecular analyses into early phase clinical trials, as demonstrated by the clinical development of crizotinib, effective in lung cancer harbouring Alk rearrangements. Similarly, other subgroups of NSCLC carry potentially targetable molecular alterations and their study has the potential to change the diagnostic and therapeutic approach to lung cancer in the near future. In contrast to a wealth of knowledge surrounding genomic alterations in lung adenocarcinomas, fewer data are available concerning squamous cell lung cancer (SCC), although recent data demonstrate that genotyping can provide new therapeutic perspectives in SCC treatment. Moreover, the study of molecular predictive markers of response to chemotherapy aims to improve chemotherapeutic treatment, increasing efficacy and limiting toxicity.