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ABSTRACT: Potassium inwardly rectifying channel, subfamily-J, member 11 (KCNJ11) gene encodes Kir6.2 subunits of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium channel involved in glucose-mediated metabolic signaling pathway and has attracted considerable attention as a candidate gene for type 2 diabetes (T2D) based on its function in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. In the past decade, a number of case-control studies have been conducted to investigate the relationship between the KCNJ11 polymorphisms and T2D. However, these studies have yielded contradictory results. To investigate this inconsistency and derive a more precise estimation of the relationship, we conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis of 64,403 cases and 122,945 controls from 49 published studies. Using the random-effects model, we found a significant association between E23K (rs5219) polymorphism and T2D risk with per-allele odds ratio of 1.13 (95% confidence interval: 1.10-1.15; p<10(-5)). Significant results were found in East Asians and Caucasians when stratified by ethnicity; whereas no significant associations were found among South Asians and other ethnic populations. In subgroup analysis by sample size, mean age and body mass index (BMI) of cases, mean BMI of controls and diagnostic criterion, significantly increased risks were found in all genetic models. This meta-analysis suggests that the E23K polymorphism in KCNJ11 is associated with elevated T2D risk, but these associations vary in different ethnic populations.
DNA and cell biology 11/2011; 31(5):801-10. · 2.28 Impact Factor