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ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the leading cause of death in patients with cirrhosis and its current situation in Spain is not well known. Therefore, a national registry was created to assess the characteristics of patients with de novo HCC.
Between 1/10/2008 and 31/1/2009, 62 centers reported the baseline demographic, clinical and tumor characteristics, the first choice of treatment and eligibility for transplantation (OLT) of HCC diagnosed during this time.
There were 705 new cases of HCC, 78% men, mean age 65 years, 89% cirrhosis (58% Child-Pugh class A, 42% HCV, 30% alcohol). Only 334 cases (47%) were diagnosed by screening. The size of the main nodule and BCLC stage were significantly lower in the screening group than in the rest (p<0.001). The applicability of radical therapies (resection and percutaneous ablation) was significantly higher (47.5% versus 24.6%, p<0.001) as well as the evaluation for OLT (31% versus 12%, p<0.001). The screening did not differ according to gender (p=0.204) or age (<50 years, <65, <75, >75 years) (p=0.171). Chemoembolization was the most common treatment: initial tumors (46.4%), tumors >5 cm (15.7%), multifocal HCC (37.9%) and as a bridge to OLT (33%).
The majority of HCC patients are diagnosed in Spain out of early detection programs, and this limits the chance for early diagnosis and effective therapy.
Medicina Clínica 05/2010; 134(13):569-76. · 1.25 Impact Factor