Hanna Lee

Konkuk University, Seoul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (6)21.6 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we investigated the role of PPARδ in modulating matrix-degrading metalloproteinases and other mechanisms underlying photoaging processes in the skin. In human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs), activation of PPARδ by its specific ligand GW501516 markedly attenuated UVB-induced secretion of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, concomitant with decreased generation of reactive oxygen species. These effects were significantly reduced in the presence of PPARδ siRNA and GSK0660. Furthermore, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), but not p38 or extracellular signal-regulated kinase, mediated PPARδ-dependent inhibition of MMP-1 secretion in HDFs exposed to UVB. PPARδ-mediated mRNA stabilization of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphatase (MKP)-7 was responsible for the GW501516-mediated inhibition of JNK signaling. Inhibition of UVB-induced secretion of MMP-1 by PPARδ was associated with the restoration of types I and III collagen to levels approaching those in cells not exposed to UVB. Finally, in HR-1 hairless mice exposed to UVB, administration of GW501516 significantly reduced wrinkle formation and skin thickness, downregulated MMP-1 and JNK phosphorylation, and restored levels of MKP-7, types I and III collagen. These results suggest that PPARδ-mediated inhibition of MMP-1 secretion prevents some effects of photoaging and maintains the integrity of skin by inhibiting the degradation of the collagenous extracellular matrix.Journal of Investigative Dermatology accepted article preview online, 2 May 2013; doi:10.1038/jid.2013.202.
    Journal of Investigative Dermatology 05/2013; · 6.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cellular senescence has been implicated in endothelial dysfunctions affecting vascular tone and regeneration. The molecular mechanisms of vascular senescence are poorly understood. The present study demonstrates that upregulation of SIRT1 by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) δ attenuates premature senescence in angiotensin (Ang) II-treated human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs). Activation of PPARδ by the specific ligand GW501516 significantly inhibited Ang II-induced premature senescence and generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in HCAECs. A marked concentration- and time-dependent increase in the mRNA levels of SIRT1 was observed in GW501516-treated HCAECs. The effects of GW501516 were almost completely abolished in the presence of small interfering (si) RNA against PPARδ, indicating that PPARδ mediates the effects of GW501516. In addition, activation of PPARδ, but not PPARα or PPARγ, significantly enhanced SIRT1 promoter activity and protein expression. Down-regulation or inhibition of SIRT1 by siRNA or sirtinol abrogated the effects of PPARδ on Ang II-induced premature senescence and ROS generation, respectively. Furthermore, resveratrol, a well-known activator of SIRT1, mimicked the action of PPARδ on Ang II-induced premature senescence and ROS generation. Taken together, these results indicate that the anti-senescent activities of PPARδ may be achieved at least in part by fine tuning the expression of SIRT1 in the vascular endothelium.
    Biochemical Pharmacology. 12/2012; 84(12):1627–1634.
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    ABSTRACT: Angiotensin II (Ang II)-mediated modification of the redox milieu of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) has been implicated in several pathophysiological processes, including cell proliferation, migration and differentiation. In this study, we demonstrate that the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) δ counteracts Ang II-induced production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in VSMCs. Activation of PPARδ by GW501516, a specific ligand for PPARδ, significantly reduced Ang II-induced ROS generation in VSMCs. This effect was, however, reversed in the presence of small interfering (si)RNA against PPARδ. The marked increase in ROS levels induced by Ang II was also eliminated by the inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) but not of protein kinase C, suggesting the involvement of the PI3K/Akt signalling pathway in this process. Accordingly, ablation of Akt with siRNA further enhanced the inhibitory effects of GW501516 in Ang II-induced superoxide production. Ligand-activated PPARδ also blocked Ang II-induced translocation of Rac1 to the cell membrane, inhibiting the activation of NADPH oxidases and consequently ROS generation. These results indicate that ligand-activated PPARδ plays an important role in the cellular response to oxidative stress by decreasing ROS generated by Ang II in vascular cells.
    Free radical research 04/2012; 46(7):912-9. · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: UV radiation-mediated photodamage to the skin has been implicated in premature aging and photoaging-related skin cancer and melanoma. Little is known about the cellular events that underlie premature senescence, or how to impede these events. In the present study we demonstrate that PPARδ (peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor δ) regulates UVB-induced premature senescence of normal keratinocytes. Activation of PPARδ by GW501516, a specific ligand of PPARδ, significantly attenuated UVB-mediated generation of ROS (reactive oxygen species) and suppressed senescence of human keratinocytes. Ligand-activated PPARδ up-regulated the expression of PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10) and suppressed the PI3K (phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase)/Akt pathway. Concomitantly, translocation of Rac1 to the plasma membrane, which leads to the activation of NADPH oxidases and generation of ROS, was significantly attenuated. siRNA (small interfering RNA)-mediated knockdown of PTEN abrogated the effects of PPARδ on cellular senescence, on PI3K/Akt/Rac1 signalling and on generation of ROS in keratinocytes exposed to UVB. Finally, when HR-1 hairless mice were treated with GW501516 before exposure to UVB, the number of senescent cells in the skin was significantly reduced. Thus ligand-activated PPARδ confers resistance to UVB-induced cellular senescence by up-regulating PTEN and thereby modulating PI3K/Akt/Rac1 signalling to reduce ROS generation in keratinocytes.
    Biochemical Journal 02/2012; 444(1):27-38. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are shown to modulate the pathological status of sepsis by regulating the release of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), a well-known late proinflammatory mediator of sepsis. Ligand-activated PPARs markedly inhibited lipopolysaccharide- (LPS) induced release of HMGB1 in RAW 264.7 cells. Among the ligands of PPAR, the effect of rosiglitazone, a specific ligand for PPARγ, was superior in the inhibition of HMGB1 release induced by LPS. This effect was observed in cells that received rosiglitazone before LPS or after LPS treatment, indicating that rosiglitazone is effective in both treatment and prevention. Ablation of PPARγ with small interfering RNA or GW9662-mediated inhibition of PPARγ abolished the effect of rosiglitazone on HMGB1 release. Furthermore, the overexpression of PPARγ markedly potentiated the inhibitory effect of rosiglitazone on HMGB1 release. In addition, rosiglitazone inhibited LPS-induced expression of Toll-like receptor 4 signal molecules, suggesting a possible mechanism by which rosiglitazone modulates HMGB1 release. Notably, the administration of rosiglitazone to mice improved survival rates in an LPS-induced animal model of endotoxemia, where reduced levels of circulating HMGB1 were demonstrated. Taken together, these results suggest that PPARs play an important role in the cellular response to inflammation by inhibiting HMGB1 release.
    Mediators of Inflammation 01/2012; 2012:352807. · 3.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cellular senescence-associated changes in blood vessels have been implicated in aging and age-related cardiovascular disorders. Here, we demonstrate that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) δ coordinates angiotensin (Ang) II-induced senescence of human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Activation of PPARδ by GW501516, a specific ligand for PPARδ, significantly attenuated Ang II-induced generation of superoxides and suppressed senescence of VSMCs. A marked increase in the levels of p53 and p21 induced by Ang II was blunted by the treatment with GW501516. Ligand-activated PPARδ up-regulated expression of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) and suppressed the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway. Knockdown of PTEN with siRNA abrogated the effects of PPARδ on cellular senescence, on PI3K/Akt signaling, and on generation of ROS in VSMCs treated with Ang II. Finally, administration of GW501516 to apoE-deficient mice treated with Ang II significantly reduced the number of senescent cells in the aorta, where up-regulation of PTEN with reduced levels of phosphorylated Akt and ROS was demonstrated. Thus, ligand-activated PPARδ confers resistance to Ang II-induced senescence by up-regulation of PTEN and ensuing modulation of the PI3K/Akt signaling to reduce ROS generation in vascular cells.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 11/2011; 286(52):44585-93. · 4.65 Impact Factor