[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mast cells play a critical role in allergic and inflammatory diseases, including exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) in asthma. The mechanism underlying EIB is probably related to increased airway fluid osmolarity that activates mast cells to the release inflammatory mediators. These mediators then act on bronchial smooth muscle to cause bronchoconstriction. In parallel, protective substances such as prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) are probably also released and could explain the refractory period observed in patients with EIB.
PLoS ONE 10/2014; 9(10):e110870. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0110870 · 3.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Adaptor molecules are essential in organizing signaling molecules and in coordinating and compartmentalizing their activity. SH3-binding protein 2 (3BP2) is a cytoplasmic adaptor protein mainly expressed by hematopoietic cells that has been shown to act as a positive regulator in T, B, and NK cell signal transduction. 3BP2 is an important regulator of cytotoxic granule release in NK cells. Mast cells (MCs) similarly degranulate following Ag-dependent aggregation of the FcεRI on the cell surface. Activation of these cells induces the release of preformed inflammatory mediators and the de novo synthesis and secretion of cytokines and chemokines. Thus, MCs participate in both innate and acquired responses. We observed that 3BP2 is expressed in human MCs (huMCs) from diverse origins. Moreover, 3BP2 coimmunoprecipitates with essential MC signaling mediators such as Lyn, Syk, and phospholipase C γ; thus, a role for this adaptor in MC function was postulated. In the present work, we used the short hairpin RNA lentiviral targeting approach to silence 3BP2 expression in huMCs. Our findings point to a requirement for 3BP2 in optimal immediate and late MCs responses such as degranulation and IL-8 or GM-CSF secretion. 3BP2 was determined to be necessary for optimal phosphorylation of Syk, linker for activation of T cells, and phospholipase C γ(1), critical signals for calcium release from intracellular stores. Taken together, our results show that by participating in FcεRI- mediated signal transduction 3BP2 is an important regulator of huMC activation. Thus, 3BP2 could be a potential therapeutic target for IgE-dependent MC-mediated inflammatory disease.
The Journal of Immunology 08/2012; 189(6):2727-34. DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.1200380 · 4.92 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: CD84 is a self-binding receptor from the CD150 (or signaling lymphocyte activation molecule [SLAM]) family that is broadly expressed in hematopoietic cells. It has been described that the adaptors SLAM-associated protein (SAP) and EWS-FLI1-activated transcript 2 (EAT-2) are critical for CD150 family members' signaling and function. We observed that human mast cells express CD84 but lack SAP or EAT-2, that CD84 is tyrosine phosphorylated upon FcεRI engagement, and that the release of granule contents is reduced when FcεRI is coengaged with CD84 in LAD2 and human CD34(+)-derived mast cells. In addition, we observed that the release of IL-8 and GM-CSF was also reduced in FcεRI/CD84-costimulated cells as compared with FcεRI/Ig control. To understand how CD84 downregulates FcεRI-mediated function, we analyzed signaling pathways affected by CD84 in human mast cells. Our results showed that CD84 dampens FcεRI-mediated calcium mobilization after its co-cross-linking with the receptor. Furthermore, FcεRI-mediated Syk-linker for activation of T cells-phospholipase C-γ1 axis activity is downregulated after CD84 stimulation, compared with FcεRI/Ig control. The inhibitory kinase Fes phosphorylates mainly the inhibitory motif for CD84. Moreover, Fes, which has been described to become phosphorylated after substrate binding, also gets phosphorylated when coexpressed with CD84. Consistently, Fes was observed to be more phosphorylated after CD84 and FcεRI co-cross-linking. The phosphorylation of the protein phosphatase Src homology region 2 domain-containing phosphatase-1 also increases after CD84 and FcεRI coengagement. Taken together, our results show that CD84 is highly expressed in mast cells and that it contributes to the regulation of FcεRI signaling in SAP- and EAT-2-independent and Fes- and Src homology region 2 domain-containing phosphatase-1-dependent mechanisms.
The Journal of Immunology 11/2011; 187(11):5577-86. DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.1101626 · 4.92 Impact Factor