Matthias C. Schmidt

University of Bonn - Medical Center, Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Publications (3)7.46 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The recognition of molecular subsets among glioblastomas has raised the question whether distinct mutations in glioblastoma-associated genes may serve as prognostic markers. The present study on glioblastomas (GBM) from 97 consecutively sampled adult patients is based on a clinical, histopathological, immunohistochemical, and molecular genetic analysis. Parameters assessed were age at diagnosis, survival, cell type, proliferation, necrosis, microvascular proliferation, sarcomatous growth, lymphocytic infiltration, thromboses, calcifications, GFAP expression, MIB-1 index, loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of the chromosomal arms 1p, 10p, 10q, 17p, 19q and structural alterations in the TP53, EGFR and PTEN genes. As in previous studies, younger age was significantly associated with better survival. Among the molecular parameters, TP53 mutations and LOH10q emerged as favorable and poor prognostic factors, respectively. TP53 mutations were a favorable prognostic factor independent of whether glioblastomas were primary or secondary. LOH1p or 19q, lesions suspected to be over-represented in long term survivors with malignant glioma, were not associated with better survival. However, the combination of LOH1p and LOH19q defined GBM patients with a significantly better survival. Notably, these patients did not exhibit morphological features reminiscent of oligodendroglioma. These findings indicate that genotyping of glioblastoma may provide clinical information of prognostic importance.
    Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology 05/2002; 61(4):321-8. · 4.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glioblastoma multiforme (WHO grade IV; GBM) is the most common primary brain tumor with a median survival of less than one year despite multimodal treatment regimens. However, a small subgroup of GBM patients has a better clinical outcome, with a small number of patients surviving several years. Apoptosis, a genetically determined program of cell suicide, may be induced as a consequence of critical DNA damage. However, due to defects in the signaling pathways, cancer cells may escape apoptosis, despite carrying irreversible DNA damage. In the present study, we have analyzed tumors of two age-matched, equally treated groups of GBM patients with different postoperative time to tumor progression (TTP), defined as short-term for TTP of less than 6 months (n = 54), and long-term for TTP of more than 12 months (n = 39) for alterations in apoptosis regulatory pathways: Mutations of the TP53 tumor suppressor gene and/or nuclear accumulation of its gene product p53, expression of Waf/p21, CD95 (Apo1/Fas), and Bcl-2. TP53 mutations were found in 12 out of 54 (22%) GBMs of short-term survivors and 8 out of 35 (23%) tumors of long-term survivors; the respective numbers for nuclear p53 protein accumulation were 12/53 (23%) and 10/37 (27%). Waf1/p21 expression was found in 13/53 (25%) tumors of short-term survivors and 9/35 (26%) GBMs of long-term survivors. The respective numbers for Bcl-2 expression were 25/42 (60%) and 22/36 (61%) and for CD95 (Apo1/Fas) expression 20/49 (41%) and 14/36 (39%) GBMs. The percentage of alterations in genes/proteins involved in the apoptotic pathway investigated here was virtually identical in the two groups of clinically different GBM patients. Thus, our data imply that none of these alterations investigated per se has a strong impact on the overall survival of GBM patients.
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 04/2001; 52(3):263-272. · 3.12 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Pathology - J PATHOL. 01/1999; 188(2):168-173.

Publication Stats

132 Citations
7.46 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2002
    • University of Bonn - Medical Center
      Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2001
    • University of Bonn
      • Department of Neurobiology
      Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany