Matthias C. Schmidt

University of Bonn - Medical Center, Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Publications (6)21.47 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The recognition of molecular subsets among glioblastomas has raised the question whether distinct mutations in glioblastoma-associated genes may serve as prognostic markers. The present study on glioblastomas (GBM) from 97 consecutively sampled adult patients is based on a clinical, histopathological, immunohistochemical, and molecular genetic analysis. Parameters assessed were age at diagnosis, survival, cell type, proliferation, necrosis, microvascular proliferation, sarcomatous growth, lymphocytic infiltration, thromboses, calcifications, GFAP expression, MIB-1 index, loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of the chromosomal arms 1p, 10p, 10q, 17p, 19q and structural alterations in the TP53, EGFR and PTEN genes. As in previous studies, younger age was significantly associated with better survival. Among the molecular parameters, TP53 mutations and LOH10q emerged as favorable and poor prognostic factors, respectively. TP53 mutations were a favorable prognostic factor independent of whether glioblastomas were primary or secondary. LOH1p or 19q, lesions suspected to be over-represented in long term survivors with malignant glioma, were not associated with better survival. However, the combination of LOH1p and LOH19q defined GBM patients with a significantly better survival. Notably, these patients did not exhibit morphological features reminiscent of oligodendroglioma. These findings indicate that genotyping of glioblastoma may provide clinical information of prognostic importance.
    Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology 05/2002; 61(4):321-8. · 3.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glioblastoma multiforme (WHO grade IV; GBM) is the most common primary brain tumor with a median survival of less than one year despite multimodal treatment regimens. However, a small subgroup of GBM patients has a better clinical outcome, with a small number of patients surviving several years. Apoptosis, a genetically determined program of cell suicide, may be induced as a consequence of critical DNA damage. However, due to defects in the signaling pathways, cancer cells may escape apoptosis, despite carrying irreversible DNA damage. In the present study, we have analyzed tumors of two age-matched, equally treated groups of GBM patients with different postoperative time to tumor progression (TTP), defined as short-term for TTP of less than 6 months (n = 54), and long-term for TTP of more than 12 months (n = 39) for alterations in apoptosis regulatory pathways: Mutations of the TP53 tumor suppressor gene and/or nuclear accumulation of its gene product p53, expression of Waf/p21, CD95 (Apo1/Fas), and Bcl-2. TP53 mutations were found in 12 out of 54 (22%) GBMs of short-term survivors and 8 out of 35 (23%) tumors of long-term survivors; the respective numbers for nuclear p53 protein accumulation were 12/53 (23%) and 10/37 (27%). Waf1/p21 expression was found in 13/53 (25%) tumors of short-term survivors and 9/35 (26%) GBMs of long-term survivors. The respective numbers for Bcl-2 expression were 25/42 (60%) and 22/36 (61%) and for CD95 (Apo1/Fas) expression 20/49 (41%) and 14/36 (39%) GBMs. The percentage of alterations in genes/proteins involved in the apoptotic pathway investigated here was virtually identical in the two groups of clinically different GBM patients. Thus, our data imply that none of these alterations investigated per se has a strong impact on the overall survival of GBM patients.
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 04/2001; 52(3):263-272. DOI:10.1023/A:1010684203704 · 3.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The overall prognosis for patients with glioblastoma multiforme is extremely poor. However, a small proportion of patients enjoy prolonged survival. This study investigated retrospectively the extent to which erroneous histopathological classification may contribute to long-term survival of patients initially diagnosed with "glioblastoma multiforme." We compared two age- and gender-matched patient groups with different postoperative time to tumor progression (TTP), defined as "short-term" for TTP of less than 6 months (n = 54), and "long-term" for TTP of more than 12 months (n = 52). Histological specimens of the corresponding tumors, all primarily diagnosed as glioblastoma multiforme, were reevaluated according to the current World Health Organization (WHO) classification of central nervous system tumors, with the investigators being blinded to clinical outcome. Among the tumors from short-term TTP patients, one tumor (2%) was reclassified as anaplastic oligoastrocytoma (WHO grade III) while the remaining 53 were confirmed as glioblastoma multiforme. In contrast, 13 tumors (25%) from the long-term TTP patients were reclassified, mostly as anaplastic oligodendroglioma (WHO grade III; n = 7) or anaplastic oligoastrocytoma (WHO grade III, n = 2), respectively. In addition, three were reclassified as anaplastic astrocytoma (WHO grade III), and one was identified as anaplastic pilocytic astrocytoma (WHO grade III). Our data indicate that a sizable proportion of glioblastoma patients with long-term survival actually carry malignant gliomas with oligodendroglial features. The correct histopathological recognition of these tumors has not only prognostic but also therapeutic implications, since oligodendroglial tumors are more likely to respond favorably to chemotherapy.
    Journal of Neurology 07/2000; 247(6):455-60. DOI:10.1007/s004150070175 · 3.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The MEN1 gene on chromosome 11q13 is mutated in patients afflicted with multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome type 1 (MEN1). These patients develop endocrine tumours of the pancreas, the parathyroid, and the anterior pituitary. In order to determine the role of MEN1 in sporadic pituitary adenomas, 61 pituitary adenomas were analysed from patients without evidence of a familial tumour syndrome. Single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis was performed for the entire coding sequence of MEN1. Fragments with aberrant migration patterns were sequenced bidirectionally. Only a single somatic mutation was detected in this series. In addition, several previously reported and three novel polymorphisms were observed. Loss of heterozygosity analysis with 12 polymorphic markers, however, identified 13 pituitary adenomas with allelic deletions on chromosome 11. Allelic losses occurred significantly more often in pituitary adenomas with hormone secretion than in non-functioning adenomas. These data suggest that MEN1 mutations are rare events in sporadic pituitary adenomas. However, the discrepancy of only 1/61 adenomas with MEN1 mutation but 13/61 (22 per cent) with allelic loss on chromosome 11 may suggest the presence of a yet unknown tumour suppressor gene, relevant to the pathogenesis of sporadic pituitary adenomas.
    The Journal of Pathology 06/1999; 188(2):168-73. DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1096-9896(199906)188:2<168::AID-PATH342>3.0.CO;2-4 · 7.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Over the last years, distinct genetic lesions have been associated with individual tumor entities. Stereotactic biopsy has become an essential diagnostic tool in surgical neuro-oncology. In order to evaluate the potential of molecular analyses in stereotactic biopsies, we examined a series of 156 human brain tumors from patients undergoing stereotactic biopsy for molecular alterations typically seen in astrocytic gliomas and compared those results with a control group of 268 astrocytic tumors obtained at open surgery. Stereotactic biopsies of astrocytomas with borderline histopathological features between the WHO grades II and III showed a higher rate of allelic losses on chromosome 10 than those of the WHO grade II from open surgery (p = 0.011). Stereotactic biopsies of astrocytomas with borderline histopathological features between the WHO grades III and IV showed a higher rate of allelic losses on chromosome 10 than those of the WHO grade III from open surgery (p = 0.013). This indicates that stereotactic biopsies with features intermediate between grades are likely to correspond to the higher malignancy grade. Our data demonstrate that molecular genetic approaches can be successfully applied to stereotactic glioma biopsies. The difference in the distribution of malignancy associated genetic alterations between a stereotactic and openly resected group of gliomas indicates that histopathology may underestimate the malignant potential in some stereotactic specimens. We propose to further evaluate the molecular analysis of stereotactic glioma biopsies as a useful adjunct to standard histopathological procedures.
    Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology 02/1999; 58(1):40-5. DOI:10.1097/00005072-199901000-00005 · 3.80 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

280 Citations
21.47 Total Impact Points


  • 1999-2002
    • University of Bonn - Medical Center
      Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2000-2001
    • University of Bonn
      • Department of Neurobiology
      Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany