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Publications (5)10.67 Total impact

  • Human vaccines 03/2012; 8(3). · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As progress toward global poliovirus eradication continues, more and more countries are moving away from use of oral poliovirus vaccines (OPV) to inactivated poliovirus vaccines (IPV) in national vaccination schedules. Reduction of antigen dose in IPV could increase manufacturing capacity and facilitate the change from OPV to IPV. Combination vaccines reduce the number of injections required to complete vaccination, thus playing an important role in maintaining high vaccine coverage with good public acceptability. Three formulations of a combined, candidate hexavalent diphtheria-tetanus-whole cell pertussis-hepatitis B-inactivated poliovirus-Hemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine (DTPw-HBV-IPV/Hib, GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals) differing only in IPV antigen content (full-dose, half-dose and one-third dose as compared with available stand-alone IPV vaccines), were evaluated when administered to healthy toddlers. Controls received separately administered licensed DTPw-HBV/Hib and IPV vaccines. Immunogenicity was assessed before and one month after vaccination. Safety and reactogenicity data were assessed for 30 d after vaccination. A total of 312 Filipino children were vaccinated in their second year of life. Each DTPw-HBV-IPV/Hib formulation was non-inferior to control in terms of pre-defined criteria for IPV immunogenicity. Post-vaccination GMTs against each poliovirus type were increased between 4.2- and 37.9-fold over pre-vaccination titers. Non-inferiority to other vaccine antigens was also demonstrated. The safety profile of the 3 DTPw-HBV-IPV/Hib formulations resembled licensed DTPw-HBV/Hib Kft and IPV in terms of the frequency and intensity of adverse reactions after vaccination. Further investigation of DTPw-HBV-IPV/Hib containing reduced quantity of IPV antigen for primary vaccination in infants is warranted. This study is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT number: NCT01106092.
    Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics. 03/2012; 8(3):347-54.
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    ABSTRACT: A pooled analysis of data from four vaccination studies conducted in Europe was undertaken to assess the immunogenicity of Infanrix™ hexa (DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib, GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals) when administered in a total of 702 healthy infants at 3, 5 and 11-12 months of age. One month after dose 2, between 96.3% and 100% of subjects had seroprotective antibodies against diphtheria, tetanus, hepatitis B and poliovirus types 1, 2 and 3; 91.7% against Hib and ≥99.0% were seropositive for each pertussis antigen. One month after the third dose, 98.9-100% of subjects were seroprotected/seropositive for all vaccine antigens. Geometric mean antibody concentrations/titres for each vaccine antigen increased by 6.7-52.9 fold after the third vaccine dose. No serious adverse events in DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib recipients were vaccine related. Infanrix™ hexa induces an adequate immune response after 2-dose primary plus booster doses when administered according to a 3, 5 and 11 months schedule.
    Vaccine 02/2012; 30(17):2710-4. · 3.77 Impact Factor
  • Vaccine. 01/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: In the US, it is recommended that 4-6 year old children receive diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (DTaP), inactivated poliovirus (IPV), measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), varicella (V), and influenza vaccines. Data relating to the concomitant administration of combination DTaP-IPV vaccine (Kinrix™; GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals) and influenza or V vaccines are currently limited. This study was undertaken to evaluate the immunogenicity and reactogenicity of Kinrix™ when co-administered with MMR (M-M-RII(®), Merck & Co.) and Varivax™ (Merck & Co.) in 4-6 year old children. Phase IIIb, open-label, non-inferiority study (NCT00871117). We randomized (1:1) healthy 4-6 year olds to receive Kinrix™+MMR+V on day 0 (Group 1), or Kinrix™+MMR on day 0, followed by V at month 1 (Group 2). We measured DTaP-IPV immunogenicity before and 1 month post-vaccination (prior to V vaccination in Group 2). We collected local and general solicited symptoms within 4 days after vaccination and serious adverse events (SAEs) through 6 months post-vaccination. We enrolled 478 subjects. One month post-vaccination, >95% of subjects in both groups had booster responses to diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis antigens and all subjects had seroprotective anti-poliovirus antibody titers. Immune responses in Group 1 were non-inferior to Group 2 for responses to DTaP-IPV antigens according to pre-specified criteria. Reporting of solicited local events at the DTaP-IPV site appeared to be similar between the two vaccine groups, as was reporting of solicited general adverse events within 4 days of vaccination; no vaccine related SAEs were reported. Concomitant administration of varicella vaccine with Kinrix™ and MMR did not impact the immunogenicity of diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis or poliovirus antigens. Both vaccine regimens were well tolerated. These results support the co-administration of DTaP-IPV, MMR, and V vaccines in 4-6-year-old children, providing protection against multiple diseases in a timely and efficient manner.
    Vaccine 11/2011; 30(3):668-74. · 3.77 Impact Factor