ABSTRACT: Fibreoptic intubation is the technique of choice for resolving complications related to a difficult airway. Our aim was to determine whether a clinical-practice-based, individualized course provides sufficient training and confidence to allow anaesthetists to routinely practice fibreoptic intubation.
Our hospital developed a clinical-practice-based, individualized course on fibreoptic intubation in general anaesthesia that provided practice in sedated spontaneously breathing patients and insertion through supraglottic devices. From 2005 to 2009, we e-mailed participants for response to an anonymous online self-assessment survey. We asked participants about the training outcomes and their overall degree of satisfaction.
Seventy-seven participants were sent the questionnaire six months after the course and 61% responded. All respondents considered themselves skilled in handling the bronchoscope at the end of the course and 97% used it in their routine practice in patients with difficult airways.
These results suggest a high success rate can be expected from individually tailored fibreoptic intubation courses that supplement theory and mannequin experience with clinical practice.
Revista espanola de anestesiologia y reanimacion 08/2012; 59(9):483-8.
ABSTRACT: To describe the use, utility, safety, and effectiveness of the Proseal laryngeal mask for airway management in patients undergoing ventriculoperitonea shunting.
We retrospectively reviewed the records of all patients in whom the Proseal laryngeal mask was used during ventriculoperitoneal shunting between January 2006 and October 2009. Patient demographic characteristics, airway assessments, type of anesthesia, quality of ventilation, and perioperative complications were recorded.
Of the 43 patients included, 8 (18.6%) had at least 1 difficult airway criterion. We were able to insert the Proseal laryngeal mask in all patients. Ventilation was optimal in 39 (91%) patients, with maintenance of end-expiratory carbon dioxide pressures between 35 and 40 mm Hg and airway pressures above 25 cm H2O throughout the procedures. Air leaks developed in 3 cases (7%) when the patient was placed in a lateral-cervical position for surgery; these patients required orotracheal intubation before surgery could begin. Mean duration of surgery was 53 minutes. Awakening occurred without incident in all cases.
The Proseal laryngeal mask is useful for airway management in patients undergoing ventriculoperitoneal shunting. Due to the forced position of the neck, however, it may be necessary to reposition the mask or even proceed to orotracheal intubation in some cases. As is the case for other advanced uses, experience with the device is necessary. Material for managing a difficult airway should be on hand.
Revista espanola de anestesiologia y reanimacion 58(6):362-4.
ABSTRACT: The growing demand for digestive and other endoscopic procedures outside the operating room, both in terms of type of endoscopy and number of patients, requires reorganization of the anesthesiology department's workload. We describe 2 years of our hospital digestive endoscopy unit's experience with a now well-established care model involving both anesthesiologists and nurse anesthetists.
After previously reviewing the medical records of outpatients and conducting a telephone interview about state of health, nurse anesthetists administered a combination of propofol and remifentanil through a target-controlled infusion system under an anesthesiologist's direct supervision.
The ratio of anesthesiologists to nurses ranged from 1:2 to 1:3 according to the complexity of the examination procedure. Over 12000 endoscopies (simple to advanced) in a total of 11853 patients were performed under anesthesia during the study period. Airway management maneuvers were required by 4.9% of the patients; 0.18% required bag ventilation for respiratory depression, and 0.084% required bolus doses of a vasopressor to treat hypotension or atropine to treat bradycardia. The procedure had to be halted early in 9 patients (0.07%). No patient required orotracheal intubation and none died. Nor were any complications related to sedation recorded.
The results suggest that this care model can safely accommodate a large caseload in anesthesia at an optimum level of quality.
Revista espanola de anestesiologia y reanimacion 58(7):406-11.