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Publications (3)1.28 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A cross-sectional survey of 507 in- and out-patients, with diagnosed Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) was undertaken to study the relationships between personal, disease and treatment-related factors and diabetes control in a tertiary care hospital. On multivariate logistic regression analysis, self-efficacy (odds ratio (OR) =2.94; 95% confidence interval (CI) =1.92-4.54); P<0.001) was the single most important determinant of current diabetes control (HbA1c ≤7%), along with absence of hyperglycemic symptoms in the past year (OR=1.83; 95% CI=1.15-2.93, P<0.01), current treatment with oral medication (OR=1.77; 95% CI=1.17-2.66; P<0.007), and adherence to dietary restrictions (OR=2.7; 95% CI=1.28-5.88; P<0.009). Self-efficacy was itself influenced by educational status, employment, availability of family support, and positive mental attitudes. Our findings suggest that health care delivery inputs, patients' personal characteristics including education and attitude, and family support for care are complexly processed to determine patients' ability to manage their disease, which ultimately influences disease outcomes.
    Journal of Community Health 11/2011; 37(3):653-62. · 1.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetes was estimated to be responsible for 109 thousand deaths, 1157 thousand years of life lost and for 2263 thousand disability adjusted life years (DALYs) in India during 2004. However, health systems have not matured to manage diabetes effectively. The limited studies available on diabetes care in India indicate that 50 to 60% of diabetic patients do not achieve the glycemic target of HbA1c below 7%. Awareness about and understanding of the disease is less than satisfactory among patients, leading to delayed recognition of complications. The cost of treatment, need for lifelong medication, coupled with limited availability of anti-diabetic medications in the public sector and cost in the private sector are important issues for treatment compliance. This article attempts to highlight the current constraints in the health system to effectively manage diabetes and the need for developing workable strategies for ensuring timely and appropriate management with extensive linkage and support for enhancing the availability of trained manpower, investigational facilities and drugs.
    International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries. 01/2009;
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    ABSTRACT: The burden of diabetes mellitus across the world especially in India is substantial, and much of the morbidity and mortality is due to development of diabetic complications. Control of blood glucose is important to reduce occurrence of these complications. Measurement of glycated haemoglobin values provides valuable information about long term glycemic control, and is recommended for routine monitoring by several clinical guidelines on diabetes. Monitoring and appropriate management have been shown to improve outcomes in patients with diabetes in other parts of the world. However, the adoption of glycated hemoglobin as part of routine monitoring of diabetes patients in India will need to answer issues of availability, affordability and accessibility.
    Indian journal of public health 51(2):107-11.