[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Inguinal hernia repair is one of the most common surgical procedures worldwide. This procedure is increasingly performed with endoscopic techniques (laparoscopy). Many surgeons prefer to cover the hernia gap with a mesh to prevent recurrence. The mesh must be fixed tightly, but without tension. During laparoscopic surgery, the mesh is generally fixed with staples or tissue glue. However, staples often cause pain at the staple sites, and they can cause scarring of the abdominal wall, which can lead to chronic pain. We designed a trial that aims to determine whether mesh fixation with glue might cause less postoperative pain than fixation with staples during a transabdominal preperitoneal patch plastic repair.
The TISTA trial is a prospective, randomized, controlled, single-center trial with a two-by-two parallel design. All patients and outcome-assessors will be blinded to treatment allocations. For eligibility, patients must be male, >=18 years old, and scheduled for laparoscopic repair of a primary inguinal hernia. One group comprises patients with a unilateral inguinal hernia that will be randomized to receive mesh fixation with either tissue glue or staples. The second group comprises patients with bilateral inguinal hernias. They will be randomized to receive mesh fixation with tissue glue either on the right or the left side and with staples on the other side. The primary endpoint will be pain under physical stress, measured at 24 h after surgery. Pain will be rated by the patient based on a numeric rating scale from 0 to 10, where 10 equals the worst pain imaginable. A total of 82 patients will be recruited (58 patients with unilateral inguinal hernias and 24 patients with bilateral hernias). This number is estimated to provide 90% power for detecting a pain reduction of one point on a numeric rating scale, with a standard deviation of one.
Patients with bilateral hernias will receive two meshes, one fixed with glue, and the other fixed with staples. This design will eliminate the inter-individual bias inherent in comparing pain measurements between two groups of patients.Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01641718.
BMC Surgery 04/2014; 14(1):18. · 1.97 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the putative impact of perioperative blood transfusions on overall survival in patients undergoing curative resection for stage III colon cancer by applying propensity scoring methods.
In a single-center study, a total of 309 patients who underwent open curative resection for stages I-III colon cancer from 1996-2008 were assessed. The mean follow-up period was 47 ± 38 months. Transfused and non-transfused patients were compared using both Cox regression and propensity score analyses.
Overall, 148 patients (47.9 %) received blood transfusions. The patient characteristics were highly biased toward transfusions (propensity score 0.68 ± 0.22 vs. 0.30 ± 0.22, p <0.001). In the unadjusted analysis, blood transfusions were associated with a 90 % increased risk of overall mortality (hazard ratio 1.90, 95 % CI: 1.19-3.04, p = 0.001). The 5-year survival for patients receiving blood transfusions was 64.5 % (95 % CI: 56.0-74.3 %) compared with 80.1 % (95 % CI: 72.8-88.2 %) in those not receiving blood transfusions. In the propensity score-adjusted Cox regression analysis (hazard ratio: 0.85, 95 % CI = 0.53-1.37, p = 0.501), blood transfusions did not increase the risk of overall mortality. After risk adjustment, the 5-year survival rate for patients receiving blood transfusions was 66.6 % (95 % CI: 57.4-77.3 %) compared with 61.8 % (95 % CI: 51.9-73.7 %) for those who did not.
This study is the first propensity score-based analysis that provides evidence that poor oncological outcomes after curative colon cancer resection in patients receiving perioperative blood transfusions are due to the clinical circumstances that require the transfusions and are not due to the blood transfusions.
Langenbeck s Archives of Surgery 07/2013; · 1.89 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: While LRYGB has become a cornerstone in the surgical treatment of morbidly obese patients, concomitant cholecystectomy during LRYGB remains a matter of debate. The aim of this meta-analysis was to estimate the rate and morbidity of subsequent cholecystectomy after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) in obese patients. A meta-analysis was performed analyzing the rate and morbidity of subsequent cholecystectomy in patients who underwent LRYGB without concomitant cholecystectomy. Thirteen studies met the inclusion criteria. The rate of subsequent cholecystectomy was 6.8 % (95 % CI, 5.0-8.7 %) based on 6,048 obese patients who underwent LRYGB without concomitant cholecystectomy. The rate of subsequent cholecystectomy due to biliary colic or gallbladder dyskinesia was 5.3 %; due to cholecystitis, 1.0 %; choledocholithiasis, 0.2 %; and biliary pancreatitis, 0.2 %. The mortality after subsequent cholecystectomy was 0 % (95 % CI, 0-0.1 %). The surgery-related complication rate after subsequent cholecystectomy was 1.8 % (95 % CI, 0.7-3.4 %) resulting in a risk of 0.1 % (95 % CI, 0.03-0.3 %) to suffer from a cholecystectomy-related complication in patients undergoing LRYGB without concomitant cholecystectomy. A prophylactic concomitant cholecystectomy during LRYGB should be avoided in patients without cholelithiasis and exclusively be performed in patients with symptomatic biliary disease.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study assessed the diagnostic accuracy of C-reactive protein (CRP) after gastroesophageal cancer resection for postoperative inflammatory complications (PIC).
The clinical data and CRP values of patients operated on for gastroesophageal cancer surgery between 1997 and 2009 were retrospectively analyzed. The results of this study were compared with published data using a meta-analytic approach for diagnostic outcomes.
Of 210 patients included in the study, 59 developed PIC (28.1 %; 95 % CI: 22.5-34.5 %). On the postoperative day (POD) 4 and 7, CRP had the best diagnostic accuracy for PIC (AUC 0.77; 95 % CI, 0.64-0.91, AUC 0.81; 95 % CI, 0.71-0.91). Using a cut-off value of 141 mg/L (95 % CI, 131-278 mg/L) for CRP on POD 4, the sensitivity was 0.78 (95 % CI, 0.55-0.91), the specificity was 0.70 (95 % CI, 0.53-0.83) and the NPV was 0.89 (95 % CI, 0.77-0.95). The in-hospital mortality rate was 3.3 % (95 % CI, 1.5-6.9 %). In a diagnostic meta-analysis that included two additional studies, CRP had a significant predictive value after POD 3.
There is limited evidence for the diagnostic accuracy of CRP levels for PIC after gastroesophageal cancer surgery. CRP levels on POD 4 might be useful to rule out PIC, but its diagnostic accuracy is moderate at best. For clinical routine use CRP levels are clearly not sufficient to predict PIC and have to be interpreted in the context of the whole clinical picture.
Langenbeck s Archives of Surgery 03/2012; 397(5):727-36. · 1.89 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Activation of the Wnt signaling pathway is implicated in aberrant cellular proliferation in various cancers. In 40% of endometrioid ovarian cancers, constitutive activation of the pathway is due to oncogenic mutations in β-catenin or other inactivating mutations in key negative regulators. Secreted frizzled-related protein 4 (SFRP4) has been proposed to have inhibitory activity through binding and sequestering Wnt ligands.
We performed RT-qPCR and Western-blotting in primary cultures and ovarian cell lines for SFRP4 and its key downstream regulators activated β-catenin, β-catenin and GSK3β. SFRP4 was then examined by immunohistochemistry in a cohort of 721 patients and due to its proposed secretory function, in plasma, presenting the first ELISA for SFRP4. SFRP4 was most highly expressed in tubal epithelium and decreased with malignant transformation, both on RNA and on protein level, where it was even more profound in the membrane fraction (p<0.0001). SFRP4 was expressed on the protein level in all histotypes of ovarian cancer but was decreased from borderline tumors to cancers and with loss of cellular differentiation. Loss of membrane expression was an independent predictor of poor survival in ovarian cancer patients (p = 0.02 unadjusted; p = 0.089 adjusted), which increased the risk of a patient to die from this disease by the factor 1.8.
Our results support a role for SFRP4 as a tumor suppressor gene in ovarian cancers via inhibition of the Wnt signaling pathway. This has not only predictive implications but could also facilitate a therapeutic role using epigenetic targets.
PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(2):e31885. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although C-reactive protein (CRP) can be measured by a standard blood test, its diagnostic value for distinguishing patients with inflammatory complications after pancreatic surgery from patients with normal postoperative inflammatory responses has not been adequately investigated. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of CRP levels for the occurrence of postoperative inflammatory complications after pancreatic surgery.
Clinical data and CRP levels measured in 280 patients after pancreatic surgeries (performed between 1998 and 2010) until postoperative day 10 (POD 10) were retrospectively analyzed. Using the receiver operating characteristic method, diagnostic accuracy was evaluated by an area under the curve (AUC) analysis. Furthermore, the results of the present study were compared to previously published reports by applying diagnostic meta-analysis techniques.
The 30-day mortality rate was 3.9% (95% CI 2.1-7.0%). Inflammatory complications occurred in 153 of 280 patients (54.6%; 95% CI 48.8-60.4%). On POD 4, the AUC was 0.67 (95% CI 0.58-0.76). The highest diagnostic accuracy was observed on POD 7 (AUC 0.77; 95% CI 0.68-0.85). In a diagnostic meta-analysis that included two additional studies, the diagnostic sensitivity on POD 4 was 0.63 (95% CI 0.50-0.76), and the specificity was 0.79 (95% CI 0.71-0.88). The highest sensitivity occurred on POD 6 (0.75; 95% CI 0.68-0.82). Considerable statistical heterogeneity was observed in the analysis of PODs 3, 4 and 5.
According to this limited evidence, CRP levels had a low to moderate diagnostic accuracy. Large, blinded studies are warranted for a more precise estimation of CRP's diagnostic value.
Journal of hepato-biliary-pancreatic sciences. 10/2011; 19(4):492-500.