Publications (3)6.21 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Selenium in supra-nutritional doses is tumour-preventative in animal models and in humans. In this work, we have compared the effect of sodium selenite on tumour growth in a rat hepatocarcinogenesis model with the effect of sodium selenite on the regeneration of liver mass after partial hepatectomy. In the tumour model, 5 μg/mL sodium selenite in the drinking water reduced the rate of tumour growth for up to 12 months after initiation; the volume fraction of liver cancers was 14±4% with a mean bromodeoxyuridine-index of 19±11% in the treated rats compared to a volume fraction of 26±7% with a mean bromodeoxyuridine-index of 42±27% in the control rats. Despite its efficacy in reducing tumour growth, 5 μg/mL sodium selenite treatment did not affect the gain of liver mass or the rate of cell proliferation after partial hepatectomy. In the regenerating livers, the activity of the cytosolic selenoenzyme thioredoxin reductase (TrxR1) was briefly and transiently increased, an increase further potentiated by sodium selenite. TrxR1 was selectively over expressed in proliferating liver tumours in relation to the surrounding liver tissue in the tumour model, as shown using immunohistochemistry analyses. We suggest that sodium selenite is a suitable candidate for liver cancer prevention in patients with chronic liver diseases that are dependent on sustained liver regeneration due to its differential effects on neoplastic and regenerative cell proliferation. Furthermore, the over expression of TrxR1 in liver neoplasia can only partly be explained by increased growth.Biochemical pharmacology 12/2011; 83(5):687-93. · 4.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Selenium is a candidate treatment for liver tumour prevention in chronic liver disease. In this study, we have studied selenium uptake, distribution and accumulation in rats provided with water containing tumour-preventive doses of sodium selenite for 10 weeks. Male Fischer 344 rats were given drinking water containing 1 μg/mL or 5 μg/mL sodium selenite. Selenium levels were monitored in serum and liver tissue over the 10-week period, and the kinetics of induction of the redox-active cytosolic selenoenzyme thioredoxin reductase were followed. Selenite exposure via drinking water caused a dose-dependent increase in blood and liver selenium levels, with plateaus at 6 and 8 weeks, respectively. These plateaus were reached at the same level of selenium regardless of dose, and no further accumulation was observed. A selenium-dependent increase in the activity of TrxR1 in parallel with the increase in liver selenium levels was also seen, and the induction of TrxR1 mRNA was seen only during the first three days of treatment, when the levels of selenium in the liver were increasing. Sodium selenite at 1 and 5 μg/mL did not affect body weight or relative liver mass. We concluded that long-term treatment with selenite did not cause accumulation of selenium and that the activity of TrxR1 in the liver rose with the selenium levels. We therefore suggest that sodium selenite at doses up to 5 μg/mL could be used for long-term tumour prevention.Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology 12/2011; 25(4):254-9. · 1.96 Impact Factor
- Ejc Supplements - EJC SUPPL. 01/2010; 8(5):133-134.