J Broen

University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands

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Publications (17)101.61 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Gout is the most common auto-inflammatory arthritis that leads to severe comorbidities such as cardiovascular diseases, renal impairment and metabolic disorders at an early age. We hypothesize that chronic as well as frequent flares of intermittent inflammation, caused by uric acid contribute to an early onset of cardiovascular-, renal- and metabolic diseases. Persistent exposure of the cells to such inflammatory events elaborates DNA damage, excessive cell turnover inconsistent with age and telomere shortening which is representative for accelerated senescence. In this review we aim to untangle the intriguing effect of inflammation-induced cellular senescence on the high prevalence of age-related cardiovascular, renal and metabolic diseases in gout.
    Current Aging Science 07/2015; 8(2). DOI:10.2174/1874609808666150727112434
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    ABSTRACT: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterised by fibrosis of the skin and the internal organs. Except for anticentromere, antitopoisomerase I and antipolymerase III antibodies, there are no reliable circulating markers predicting susceptibility and internal organ complications. This study has exploited a proteome-wide profiling method with the aim to identify new markers to identify SSc phenotype. 40 SSc patients were included for proteomic identification. Patients were stratified as having diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc) (n=19) or limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc) (n=21) according to the extent of skin involvement. As controls 19 healthy donors were included. Blood was drawn and plasma was stored before analysing with the SELDI-TOF-MS. For replication in serum, the cohort was extended with 60 SSc patients. Proteomic analysis revealed a list of 25 masspeaks that were differentially expressed between SSc patients and healthy controls. One of the peaks was suggestive for S100A8, a masspeak we previously found in supernatant of plasmacytoid dendritic cells from SSc patients. Increased expression of S100A8/A9 in SSc patients was confirmed in replication cohort compared with controls. Intriguingly, S100A8/A9 was highest in patients with limited cutaneous SSc having lung fibrosis. S100A8/A9 was robustly found to be elevated in the circulation of SSc patients, suggesting its use as a biomarker for SSc lung disease and the need to further explore the role of TLR in SSc.
    Annals of the rheumatic diseases 04/2014; 73(8). DOI:10.1136/annrheumdis-2013-205013 · 10.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Systemic sclerosis is a immune mediated inflammatory disease culminating in vasculopathy and extensive fibrosis of the skin and internal organs. Telomere shortening has previously been described in small cohorts of SSc patients. Objectives To scrutinize previous findings in large cohort, investigate telomere shortening in multiple immune celltypes and scrutinize underlying aberrances in telosome gene expression. Methods We measured telomere length by qPCR in a cohort of 185 SSc patients and 100 healthy controls. Next we investigated plasmacytoid dendritic cells, T cells, B cells, monocytes and myeloid dendritic cells from 25 SSc patients for cell specific telomere attrition. Finally we investigated whether there were differences in expression of 31 genes involved in telomere pathways. Results A significant age related telomere attrition was observed in healthy controls and lcSSc patients (Both p< 0.001), but not in dcSSc patients. We observed significant shorter telomeres in B cells and myeloid dendritic cells of both lcSSc and dcSSc patients (B-Cells p=0.014, p=0.002 & myDCs p=0.019, p=0.004 respectively). PDCs and T cells had shorter telomeres in dcSSc patients only (p=0.001 and p=0.003). In addition, we observed in early SSc, that B cells exhibit a significant upregulation of the telosome genes SIRT6, RIF1 and WRN (after correction for multiple testing p=0.03, 0.006 and 0.048 respectively). In later disease there is a significant higher expression of HDAC9 in monocytes from dcSSc compared to lcSSc patients. Intriguingly, in PDCs of diffuse SSc patients, regardless whether it is early or progressed disease the expression of SIRT1 is significantly lower (p=0.002 in all comparisons). Conclusions Aberrances in telomere shortening and biology are a feature of SSc, reflecting a difference in clinical subsets at the cellular level. Disclosure of Interest None Declared
    Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 01/2014; 72(Suppl 3):A183-A184. DOI:10.1136/annrheumdis-2013-eular.588 · 10.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is increasing evidence that gene copy number (CN) variation influences clinical phenotype. The low-affinity Fc receptor 3B (FCGR3B) located in the FCGR gene cluster is a CN polymorphic gene involved in the recruitment of polymorphonuclear neutrophils to sites of inflammation and their activation. Given the genetic overlap between systemic lupus erythematosus and systemic sclerosis (SSc) and the strong evidence for FCGR3B CN in the pathology of SLE, we hypothesised that FCGR3B gene dosage influences susceptibility to SSc. We obtained FCGR3B deletion status in 777 European Caucasian cases and 1000 controls. There was an inverse relationship between FCGR3B CN and disease susceptibility. CN of ≤ 1 was a significant risk factor for SSc (OR=1.55 (1.13-2.14), P=0.007) relative to CN ≥ 2. Although requiring replication, these results suggest that impaired immune complex clearance arising from FCGR3B deficiency contributes to the pathology of SSc, and FCGR3B CN variation is a common risk factor for systemic autoimmunity.
    Genes and immunity 05/2012; 13(6):458-60. DOI:10.1038/gene.2012.15 · 3.79 Impact Factor
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    J.C.A. Broen · L. McGlynn · T.R.D.J. Radstake · P.G. Shiels
    Systemic Sclerosis - An Update on the Aberrant Immune System and Clinical Features, 02/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-307-869-4
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    ABSTRACT: Regulatory T cells (T(regs)) are crucial in the maintenance of the immune tolerance and seem to have an important role in systemic sclerosis (SSc). The interleukin 2 receptor α (IL2RA) is an important T(reg) marker, and polymorphisms of IL2RA gene are associated with a number of autoimmune diseases. Therefore, we aimed to investigate for the first time the association of the IL2RA locus in SSc. For this purpose, a total of 3023 SSc patients and 2735 matched healthy controls, from six European Caucasian cohorts, were genotyped for the IL2RA gene variants rs11594656, rs2104286 and rs12722495 using the TaqMan allelic discrimination technology. The overall meta-analysis reached statistical significance when the three polymorphisms were tested for association with SSc, the limited subtype (lcSSc) and anti-centromere auto-antibodies (ACAs). However, no significant P-values were obtained when the ACA-positive patients were removed from the SSc and lcSSc groups, suggesting that these associations rely on ACA positivity. The strongest association signal with ACA production was detected for rs2104286 (P(FDR)=2.07 × 10(-4), odds ratio=1.30 (1.14-1.47)). The associations of rs11594656 and rs12722495 were lost after conditioning to rs2104286, and allelic combination tests did not evidence a combined effect, indicating that rs2104286 best described the association between IL2RA and ACA presence in SSc.
    Genes and Immunity 02/2012; 13(2):191-6. DOI:10.1038/gene.2011.72 · 3.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate whether polymorphisms in Toll-like receptor (TLR) genes, previously reported to be associated with immune-mediated diseases, are involved in systemic sclerosis (SSc). We genotyped 14 polymorphisms in the genes for TLRs 2, 4, 7, 8, and 9 in a discovery cohort comprising 452 SSc patients and 537 controls and a replication cohort consisting of 1,170 SSc patients and 925 controls. In addition, we analyzed 15-year followup data on 964 patients to assess the potential association of TLR variants with the development of disease complications. We analyzed the functional impact of the associated polymorphism on monocyte-derived dendritic cells. In the discovery cohort, we observed that a rare functional polymorphism in TLR2 (Pro631His) was associated with antitopoisomerase (antitopo) positivity (odds ratio 2.24 [95% confidence interval 1.24-4.04], P=0.003). This observation was validated in the replication cohort (odds ratio 2.73 [95% confidence interval 1.85-4.04], P=0.0001). In addition, in the replication cohort the TLR2 variant was associated with the diffuse subtype of the disease (P=0.02) and with the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) (Cox proportional hazards ratio 5.61 [95% confidence interval 1.53-20.58], P=0.003 by log rank test). Functional analysis revealed that monocyte-derived dendritic cells carrying the Pro63His variant produced increased levels of inflammatory mediators (tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin-6) upon TLR-2-mediated stimulation (both P<0.0001). Among patients with SSc, the rare TLR2 Pro631His variant is robustly associated with antitopoisomerase positivity, the diffuse form of the disease, and the development of PAH. In addition, this variant influences TLR-2-mediated cell responses. Further research is needed to elucidate the precise role of TLR-2 in the pathogenesis of SSc.
    Arthritis & Rheumatology 11/2011; 64(1):264-71. DOI:10.1002/art.33325 · 7.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the PTPN22 gene (rs24746601 and rs33996649) have been associated with autoimmunity. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of the R263Q SNP for the first time and to re-evaluate the role of the R620W SNP in the genetic predisposition to systemic sclerosis (SSc) susceptibility and clinical phenotypes. 3422 SSc patients (2020 with limited cutaneous SSc and 1208 with diffuse cutaneous SSc) and 3638 healthy controls of Caucasian ancestry from an initial case--control set of Spain and seven additional independent replication cohorts were included in our study. Both rs33996649 and rs2476601 PTPN22 polymorphisms were genotyped by TaqMan allelic discrimination assay. A meta-analysis was performed to test the overall effect of these PTPN22 polymorphisms in SSc. The meta-analysis revealed evidence of association of the rs2476601 T allele with SSc susceptibility (p(FDRcorrected)=0.03 pooled, OR 1.15, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.28). In addition, the rs2476601 T allele was significantly associated with anticentromere-positive status (p(FDRcorrected)=0.02 pooled, OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.42). Although the rs33996649 A allele was significantly associated with SSc in the Spanish population (p(FDRcorrected)=0.04, OR 0.58, 95% CI 0.36 to 0.92), this association was not confirmed in the meta-analysis (p=0.36 pooled, OR 0.89, 95% CI 0.72 to 1.1). The study suggests that the PTPN22 R620W polymorphism influences SSc genetic susceptibility but the novel R263Q genetic variant does not. These data strengthen evidence that the R620W mutation is a common risk factor in autoimmune diseases.
    Annals of the rheumatic diseases 03/2011; 70(3):454-62. DOI:10.1136/ard.2010.130138 · 10.38 Impact Factor
  • Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 02/2010; 69(2). DOI:10.1136/ard.2010.129619i · 10.38 Impact Factor
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    Journal of Translational Medicine 01/2010; DOI:10.1186/1479-5876-8-S1-O1 · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the possible role of the FAS -670A>G functional polymorphism in the genetic predisposition to systemic sclerosis (SSc) susceptibility or clinical phenotype. A total of 2,900 SSc patients and 3,186 healthy controls were included in this study. We analyzed the genotype and allele frequencies of the FAS -670A>G polymorphism in 9 distinct ethnic cohorts, including 6 cohorts of European ancestry (a Spanish cohort of 228 SSc patients and 265 controls, a Dutch cohort of 203 SSc patients and 277 controls, a German cohort of 313 SSc patients and 247 controls, an Italian cohort of 323 SSc cases and 89 controls, a British cohort of 269 SSc patients, and a Swedish cohort of 182 patients) and 3 distinct ethnic cohorts from the US (a cohort of 1,047 white patients and 692 controls, a cohort of 159 Hispanic patients and 137 controls, and a cohort of 176 black SSc patients and 194 controls). Genotyping was performed using a TaqMan 5' allelic discrimination assay. In the British, Italian, and American white cohorts we observed an association of the FAS -670G allele with limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc) (odds ratios [ORs] 1.25, 1.43, and 1.18, respectively). A meta-analysis comprising all 9 cohorts revealed an association of both the FAS -670G allele (OR 1.10) and the FAS -670GG genotype (OR 1.13) with the lcSSc phenotype. In a meta-analysis including only white subjects, both the FAS -670G allele and the FAS -670GG genotype remained associated with lcSSc (allele OR 1.12; genotype OR 1.16). In addition, a recessive model of the -670GG genotype exhibited a strong association with SSc, lcSSc, and anticentromere antibody-positive lcSSc (OR 1.23, OR 1.33, and OR 1.45, respectively). Our data show that the FAS -670A>G polymorphism plays a role in lcSSc susceptibility. A similar trend has been observed in other autoimmune diseases.
    Arthritis & Rheumatology 12/2009; 60(12):3815-20. DOI:10.1002/art.24964 · 7.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: TLR2 plays an important role in the removal of Gram-positive bacteria; contrastingly, it also appears to have important protective effects against unrestrained inflammation and subsequent organ injury during infection and autoimmunity. We hypothesized that TLR2 tunes the phenotype of dendritic cells (DCs) activated through other TLRs, thereby fulfilling a crucial role in the modulation of the immune response. TLR2 potently inhibited TLR4- and TLR7/8-induced cytokine production by human DCs. The inhibitory effect of TLR2 on the release of TNF-alpha but not of IL-12p70 was mediated by PI3K. TLR2 inhibits the production of IL-12p70 by dampening the type 1 IFN amplification loop. When DCs were triggered with the potent synergistic combination of LPS (TLR4) and R848 (TLR7/8) in conjunction with a TLR2 ligand, a clear shift to more Th2- and Th17-prone responses in the naive and memory T cell subpopulations was observed. This shift in T cell responses was inherent to the inability of TLR2-stimulated DCs to produce IL-12p70 and was dependent on the production of IL-1 and IL-6.
    The Journal of Immunology 11/2009; 183(11):6960-70. DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.0900713 · 5.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the possible association of the BANK1 gene with genetic susceptibility to systemic sclerosis (SSc) and its subphenotypes. A large multicentre case-control association study including 2380 patients with SSc and 3270 healthy controls from six independent case-control sets of Caucasian ancestry (American, Spanish, Dutch, German, Swedish and Italian) was conducted. Three putative functional BANK1 polymorphisms (rs17266594 T/C, rs10516487 G/A, rs3733197 G/A) were selected as genetic markers and genotyped by Taqman 5 allelic discrimination assay. A significant association of the rs10516487 G and rs17266594 T alleles with SSc susceptibility was observed (pooled OR=1.12, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.22; p=0.01 and pooled OR=1.14, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.25; p=0.003, respectively), whereas the rs3733197 genetic variant showed no statistically significant deviation. Stratification for cutaneous SSc phenotype showed that the BANK1 rs10516487 G, rs17266594 T and rs3733197 G alleles were strongly associated with susceptibility to diffuse SSc (dcSSc) (pooled OR=1.20, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.37, p=0.005; pooled OR=1.23, 95% CI 1.08 to 1.41, p=0.001; pooled OR=1.15, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.31, p=0.02, respectively). Similarly, stratification for specific SSc autoantibodies showed that the association of BANK1 rs10516487, rs17266594 and rs3733197 polymorphisms was restricted to the subgroup of patients carrying anti-topoisomerase I antibodies (pooled OR=1.20, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.41, p=0.03; pooled OR=1.24, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.46, p=0.01; pooled OR=1.26, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.47, p=0.004, respectively). The results suggest that the BANK1 gene confers susceptibility to SSc in general, and specifically to the dcSSc and anti-topoisomerase I antibody subsets.
    Annals of the rheumatic diseases 10/2009; 69(4):700-5. DOI:10.1136/ard.2009.118174 · 10.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the possible role of STAT4 gene in the genetic predisposition to systemic sclerosis (SSc) susceptibility or clinical phenotype. A total of 1317 SSc patients [896 with limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc) and 421 with diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc)] and 3113 healthy controls, from an initial case-control set of Spanish Caucasian ancestry and five independent cohorts of European ancestry (The Netherlands, Germany, Sweden, Italy and USA), were included in the study. The rs7574865 polymorphism was selected as STAT4 genetic marker. We observed that the rs7574865 T allele was significantly associated with susceptibility to lcSSc in the Spanish population [P = 1.9 x 10(-5) odds ratio (OR) 1.61 95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.29-1.99], but not with dcSSc (P = 0.41 OR 0.84 95% CI 0.59-1.21). Additionally, a dosage effect was observed showing individuals with rs7574865 TT genotype higher risk for lcSSc (OR 3.34, P = 1.02 x 10(-7) 95% CI 2.11-5.31). The association of the rs7574865 T allele with lcSSc was confirmed in all the replication cohorts with different effect sizes (OR ranging between 1.15 and 1.86), as well as the lack of association of STAT4 with dcSSc. A meta-analysis to test the overall effect of the rs7574865 polymorphism showed a strong risk effect of the T allele for lcSSc susceptibility (pooled OR 1.54 95% CI 1.36-1.74; P < 0.0001). Our data show a strong and reproducible association of the STAT4 gene with the genetic predisposition to lcSSc suggesting that this gene seems to be one of the genetic markers influencing SSc phenotype.
    Human Molecular Genetics 04/2009; 18(11):2071-7. DOI:10.1093/hmg/ddp119 · 6.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multiple studies indicate the role of the interleukin (IL)-17/IL-23 axis in autoimmune diseases, including systemic sclerosis (SSc). The aim of the current study was to investigate the possible implication of the IL23R gene in SSc susceptibility and/or clinical phenotype. An initial case-control study in 143 Dutch patients with SSc and geographically matched healthy individuals (n = 246) was carried out and followed by a replication study in a cohort of 365 Spanish patients with SSc and 515 healthy individuals. Seven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) spanning the IL23R gene were selected and genotyped using a Taqman assay. Using a Dutch cohort of patients with SSc and controls we observed an association between two (rs11209032, rs1495965) of the seven tested SNPs and disease susceptibility (allelic p values: p = 0.02 and p = 0.01 respectively). However, a replication study in an independent Spanish cohort did not confirm these findings and reveal no association of any of the IL23R-tested SNP with disease susceptibility or clinical phenotype. Similarly, a meta-analysis considering both populations did not reveal any significant association. In addition, no association was observed between IL23R genetic variants and SSc clinical phenotypes. Our results suggest that the IL23R gene is not associated with SSc susceptibility or clinical phenotype.
    Annals of the rheumatic diseases 09/2008; 68(2):253-6. DOI:10.1136/ard.2008.096719 · 10.38 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

331 Citations
101.61 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • University Medical Center Utrecht
      • Laboratory for Translational Immunology (LTI)
      Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 2009–2012
    • Radboud University Medical Centre (Radboudumc)
      • Department of Human Genetics
      Nymegen, Gelderland, Netherlands
  • 2008–2011
    • Radboud University Nijmegen
      Nymegen, Gelderland, Netherlands