[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A novel water-soluble amine-reactive dioxaborine trimethine dye was synthesized in a good yield and characterized. The potential of the dye as a specific reagent for protein labeling was demonstrated with bovine serum albumin and lysozyme. Its interaction with proteins was studied by fluorescence spectroscopy and gel electrophoresis. The covalent binding of this almost nonfluorescent dye to proteins results in a 75- to 78-fold increase of its emission intensity accompanied by a red shift of the fluorescence emission maximum by 27 to 45 nm, with fluorescence wavelengths of labeled biomolecules being more than 600 nm. The dye does not require activation for the labeling reaction and can be used in a variety of bioassay applications.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bacteria of the genus Klebsiella are important opportunistic pathogens responsible for nosocomial infections that are increasingly resistant to antimicrobial agents. Distinctive identification of the species K. oxytoca, K. pneumoniae, K. planticola, K. ornithinolytica and K. terrigena is difficult based on phenotypic tests and misidentifications are frequent in routine clinical microbiology. We developed a specific method to discriminate K. oxytoca from the other species of the genus Klebsiella, based on the PCR amplification of the polygalacturonase (pehX) gene. A PCR amplicon of 344 bp was obtained in all 35 K. oxytoca strains tested, but in none of the 29 K. pneumoniae, 12 K. planticola/K. ornithinolytica and 7 K. terrigena strains tested. The test was also negative for polygalacturonate-degrading species of the genus Erwinia. Analysis of 24 strains designated as K. pneumoniae from international collections (NCTC, PZH) revealed previous misidentification of six K. oxytoca strains. Key biochemical tests fully confirmed the pehX PCR results. The new K. oxytoca identification assay should be useful for both clinical and ecological monitoring of K. oxytoca strains, as well as for controlling the previous identification of collection strains.
Research in Microbiology 11/2003; 154(8):587-92. · 2.89 Impact Factor