[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To design a deflectable guiding catheter that omits long metallic components yet preserves mechanical properties to facilitate therapeutic interventional MRI procedures.
The catheter shaft incorporated Kevlar braiding. A 180° deflection was attained with a 5-cm nitinol slotted tube, a nitinol spring, and a Kevlar pull string. We tested three designs: passive, passive incorporating an inductively coupled coil, and active receiver. We characterized mechanical properties, MRI properties, RF induced heating, and in vivo performance in swine.
Torque and tip deflection force were satisfactory. Representative procedures included hepatic and azygos vein access, laser cardiac septostomy, and atrial septal defect crossing. Visualization was best in the active configuration, delineating profile and tip orientation. The passive configuration could be used in tandem with an active guidewire to overcome its limited conspicuity. There was no RF-induced heating in all configurations under expected use conditions in vitro and in vivo.
Kevlar and short nitinol component substitutions preserved mechanical properties. The active design offered the best visibility and usability but reintroduced metal conductors. We describe versatile deflectable guiding catheters with a 0.057" lumen for interventional MRI catheterization. Implementations are feasible using active, inductive, and passive visualization strategies to suit application requirements.
Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 11/2011; 35(4):908-15. · 2.57 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To develop an approach to vascular access under magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), as a component of comprehensive MRI-guided cardiovascular catheterization and intervention.
We attempted jugular vein access in healthy pigs as a model of "difficult" vascular access. Procedures were performed under real-time MRI guidance using reduced field of view imaging. We developed an "active" MRI antenna-needle having an open-lumen, distinct tip appearance and indicators of depth and trajectory in order to enhance MRI visibility during the procedure. We compared performance of the active needle against an unmodified commercial passively visualized needle, measured by procedure success among operators with different levels of experience.
MRI-guided central vein access was feasible using both the active needle and the unmodified passive needle. The active needle required less time (88 vs. 244 sec, P = 0.022) and fewer needle passes (4.5 vs. 9.1, P = 0.028), irrespective of operator experience.
MRI-guided access to central veins is feasible in our animal model. When image guidance is necessary for vascular access, performing this component under MRI will allow wholly MRI-guided catheterization procedures that do not require adjunctive imaging facilities such as x-ray or ultrasound. The active needle design showed enhanced visibility, as expected. These capabilities may permit more complex catheter-based cardiovascular interventional procedures enabled by enhanced image guidance.
Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 11/2011; 34(5):1159-66. · 2.57 Impact Factor