Longhui Cao

Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, United States

Are you Longhui Cao?

Claim your profile

Publications (2)11.63 Total impact

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The effects of preoperative aspirin use on outcomes of cardiac surgery patients remain uncertain. This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of preoperative aspirin use on major outcomes in cardiac surgery patients. An observational cohort study was performed on consecutive patients (n = 4256) undergoing cardiac surgery in 2 tertiary hospitals. Of all patients, 2868 patients met the inclusion criteria and were divided into 2 groups: those taking (n = 1923) or not taking (n = 945) aspirin within 5 days preceding surgery. Patients in the aspirin group presented significantly more with comorbidities including hypertension, diabetes, peripheral arterial disease, previous myocardial infarction, angina, cerebrovascular disease, older age, and male gender. With propensity scores adjusted and multivariate logistic regression, however, the results of this study showed that preoperative aspirin therapy (vs nonaspirin) significantly reduced the risk of 30-day mortality (3.5% vs 6.5%, OR: 0.611, 95% CI: 0.391-0.956, P = 0.031), postoperative renal failure (3.7% vs 7.1%, OR: 0.384, 95% CI: 0.254-0.579, P < 0.001), dialysis required (1.9% vs 3.6%, OR: 0.441, 95% CI: 0.254-0.579, P < 0.001), intensive care unit stay (mean 107.2 vs 136.1 h, P < 0.001) and a composite outcome-major adverse cardiocerebral events (8.7% vs 10.8%, OR: 0.662, 95% CI:: 0.482-0.909, P = 0.011) in the patients undergoing cardiac surgery. However, readmissions did not show a significant difference between the 2 groups (14.5% vs 12.8%, P = 0.944). Preoperative aspirin therapy is associated with a significant decrease in the risk of major cardiocerebral complications, renal failure, intensive care unit stay and 30-day mortality but does not increase the risk of readmissions in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
    Annals of surgery 02/2012; 255(2):399-404. · 7.90 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Postoperative cardiocerebral and renal complications are a major threat for patients undergoing cardiac surgery. This study was aimed to examine the effect of preoperative aspirin use on patients undergoing cardiac surgery. An observational cohort study was performed on consecutive patients (n = 1879) receiving cardiac surgery at this institution. The patients excluded from the study were those with preoperative anticoagulants, unknown aspirin use, or underwent emergent cardiac surgery. Outcome events included were 30-day mortality, renal failure, readmission and a composite outcome--major adverse cardiocerebral events (MACE) that include permanent or transient stroke, coma, perioperative myocardial infarction (MI), heart block and cardiac arrest. Of all patients, 1145 patients met the inclusion criteria and were divided into two groups: those taking (n = 858) or not taking (n = 287) aspirin within 5 days preceding surgery. Patients with aspirin presented significantly more with history of hypertension, diabetes, peripheral arterial disease, previous MI, angina and older age. With propensity scores adjusted and multivariate logistic regression, however, this study showed that preoperative aspirin therapy (vs. no aspirin) significantly reduced the risk of MACE (8.4% vs. 12.5%, odds ratio [OR] 0.585, 95% CI 0.355-0.964, P = 0.035), postoperative renal failure (2.6% vs. 5.2%, OR 0.438, CI 0.203-0.945, P = 0.035) and dialysis required (0.8% vs. 3.1%, OR 0.230, CI 0.071-0.742, P = 0.014), but did not significantly reduce 30-day mortality (4.1% vs. 5.8%, OR 0.744, CI 0.376-1.472, P = 0.396) nor it increased readmissions in the patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Preoperative aspirin therapy is associated with a significant decrease in the risk of MACE and renal failure and did not increase readmissions in patients undergoing non-emergent cardiac surgery.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(2):e30094. · 3.73 Impact Factor