Jong In Kim

Catholic University of Korea, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (27)44.77 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The diagnostic yield of fecal leukocyte and stool cultures is unsatisfactory in patients with acute diarrhea. This study was performed to evaluate the clinical significance of the fecal lactoferrin test and fecal multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in patients with acute diarrhea. Clinical parameters and laboratory findings, including fecal leukocytes, fecal lactoferrin, stool cultures and stool multiplex PCR for bacteria and viruses, were evaluated prospectively for patients who were hospitalized due to acute diarrhea. A total of 54 patients were included (male, 23; median age, 42.5 years). Fecal leukocytes and fecal lactoferrin were positive in 33 (61.1%) and 14 (25.4%) patients, respectively. Among the 31 patients who were available for fecal pathogen evaluation, fecal multiplex PCR detected bacterial pathogens in 21 patients, whereas conventional stool cultures were positive in only one patient (67.7% vs 3.2%, p=0.000). Positive fecal lactoferrin was associated with presence of moderate to severe dehydration and detection of bacterial pathogens by multiplex PCR (21.4% vs 2.5%, p=0.049; 100% vs 56.5%, p=0.032, respectively). Fecal lactoferrin is a useful marker for more severe dehydration and bacterial etiology in patients with acute diarrhea. Fecal multiplex PCR can detect more causative organisms than conventional stool cultures in patients with acute diarrhea. (Gut Liver, Published online December 5, 2014).
    Gut and liver. 12/2014;
  • Jong In Kim
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    ABSTRACT: This study estimates the longevity index (LI) of centenarians and elucidates the influence of correlates of social factors as healthy ageing on the LI of centenarians in countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The data for the analysis of centenarians in the selected 18 OECD countries were obtained from the population censuses conducted by the National Statistical Offices of these member countries. This study utilized the demographic databases of centenarians from the above countries to calculate the following parameters: the proportion between the centenarians and the total population. Although significant positive correlations were found between the LI of centenarians and social factors such as health expenditure as a percentage of the gross domestic product (HGDP), and public expenditure on health (PH) and dependency expenditure ratio (DR), negative correlations were found between the LI of centenarians and social factors such as, suicide rates in both genders (SR), suicide rates in women (SRW), and occupational injuries (OI). Finally, the LI predictors were used to form a model of healthy ageing, with higher HGDP as health expenditure, and higher DR as dependency expenditure, and lower SRW as risk of life, including lower OI as labor injuries (R 2 = 0.909, P = 0.023). The findings imply that an aged society plays an important role in ensuring the continued longevity of older people; therefore, the governments of OECD countries must strengthen their preventive social programmers and increase their existing support services for the elderly through increased financing of the health sector.
    Ageing International 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Ferret model is an established animal model of influenza virus infection. Although virus replication in the upper respiratory tract is usually measured using consecutively collected nasal washes, daily evaluation of virus replication in the lung is limited because it requires large numbers of ferrets to be sacrificed at consecutive time points. To overcome this limitation, we performed virus quantification using bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid. The non-invasive BAL allows the consecutive quantification of virus replication in the lung of living ferrets. This method can be useful for the longitudinal evaluation of virus tropism in the lower respiratory tract.
    Journal of veterinary science (Suwŏn-si, Korea) 04/2014; · 0.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We discuss the device degradation mechanism of amorphous indium–gallium–zinc oxide (a-IGZO) thin-film transistors (TFTs) under simultaneous gate and drain bias stresses based on the electronic trap characterization results. The transfer curve exhibits an apparent negative shift as the stress time increases, and a formation of hump is observed in the transfer curve after stresses. A notable increase of the frequency dispersion is observed after stresses in both gate-to-drain capacitance–voltage (CGD–VG) and gate-to-source capacitance–voltage (CGS–VG) curves, which implies that the subgap states are generated by simultaneous gate and drain bias stresses, and the damaged location is not limited to the drain side of TFTs. The larger frequency dispersion is observed in CGD–VG curves after stresses in a wider channel device, which implies that the heat is an important factor in the generation of the subgap states under simultaneous gate and drain bias stresses in a-IGZO TFTs. Based on the electronic trap characterization results, we conclude that the impact ionization near the drain side of the device is not a dominant mechanism causing the generation of subgap states and device degradation in a-IGZO TFTs under simultaneous gate and drain bias stresses. The generation of oxygen vacancy-related donor-like traps near the conduction band edge is considered as a possible mechanism causing the device degradation under simultaneous gate and drain bias stresses in a-IGZO TFTs.
    Semiconductor Science and Technology 03/2014; 29(4):045023. · 1.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose The purpose of this study was to perform a serial assessment of the radiologic parameters of the mechanical axis (MA) and the weight-bearing line (WBL) using a weight-bearing anteroposterior (AP) long-standing view of the lower extremity to determine whether the postoperative MA and WBL change with time. Methods A total of 90 consecutive lower limbs were examined retrospectively from a weight-bearing AP long-standing view of the lower extremity obtained from 120 patients who underwent open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO). A total of 30 patients were excluded because of (1) complications (7 patients) such as bone graft collapse or broken screws, malunion, or nonunion arising after surgery and (2) no acquisition of a regular series of weight-bearing AP long-standing views of the lower extremity (23 patients). The AP long-standing view of the lower extremity was taken, and weight-bearing AP long-standing views of the lower extremity at 1 month, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years postoperatively were used for assessment of serial change. The Picture Archiving Communication System (Marotech, Inc, St-Augustin-de-Desmaures, Quebec, Canada) was used for radiologic measurements of the WBL ratio and MA. Serial changes were compared between 1 month, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years postoperatively. Results The WBL ratio progressively shifted medially, with significant changes at all time points until 1 year postoperatively (1 month to 6 months, P = .04; 6 months to 1 year, P = .04; 1 year to 2 years, P = .22). Even though the MA angle showed a similar decreasing trend, it showed no statistical difference (P > .05). Conclusions This study showed that after OWHTO, the WBL shifts progressively medially until 1 year postoperatively. Level of Evidence Level IV, diagnostic study.
    Arthroscopy The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery 01/2014; 30(3):319–325. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives. This study was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of education for trainees on the gross findings identified by conventional white-light endoscopy (CWE), the microvascular patterns identified by magnifying narrow-band imaging endoscopy (MNE), and the pit patterns identified by magnifying chromoendoscopy (MCE) in estimation of the invasion depth of colorectal tumors. Methods. A total of 420 endoscopic images of 35 colorectal tumors were used. Five trainees estimated the invasion depth of the tumors by reviewing the CWE images before education. Afterwards, the trainees estimated the invasion depth of the same tumors after brief education on CWE, MNE and MCE images, respectively. Results. The initial diagnostic accuracy for deep submucosal invasion before education and after education on CWE, MNE, and MCE findings was 54.3%, 55.4%, 67.4%, and 76.6%, respectively. The diagnostic accuracy increased significantly after MNE education (P = 0.028). The specificity for deep submucosal invasion before education and after education on CWE, MNE, and MCE findings was 47.9%, 45.7%, 65.0%, and 80.7%, respectively. The specificity increased significantly after MNE (P = 0.002) and MCE (P = 0.005) education. Conclusion. Brief education on microvascular pattern identification by MNE and pit pattern identification by MCE significantly improves trainees' estimations of the invasion depth of colorectal tumors.
    Gastroenterology research and practice. 01/2014; 2014:245396.
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    ABSTRACT: Self-heating effect is recently considered to play an essential role in the degradation of amorphous oxide thin film transistors (TFTs). Previous thermal analysis on amorphous oxide TFTs based on conventional infrared thermography, however, had limitations in studying short-channel TFTs due to its low spatial-resolution. Here, we investigated self-heating effect of short-channel amorphous In-Ga-Zn-O TFTs by using high-resolution thermoreflectance microscopy. For the TFT with a channel length of 15 μm and a distance of 10.8 μm between source and drain electrodes on an etch stopper, the device temperature due to self-heating reached 70–80 °C, and local heating arose close to the center of the channel compared to the drain side in the literature. The channel length dependence of thermal distribution revealed that the asymmetry of local heating weakened with the decreasing channel length due to a heat dissipation by the source and drain electrodes. Transient thermal analysis under a bias stress unveiled that the maximum temperature as a function of stress time strongly depends on bias stress conditions. The temporal behavior of temperature is possibly attributed to the interaction between self-heating and local degradation.
    Applied Physics Letters 01/2014; 105(4):043501-043501-4. · 3.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endoscopic management of upper gastrointestinal obstruction is safe and feasible. However, its technical and clinical success rate is about 90%, which is primarily due to inability to pass a guide-wire through the stricture. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of an ultrathin endoscope for correct placement of guide wire to avoid technical failure in upper gastrointestinal obstruction. Retrospective assessment of ultrathin endoscope to traverse the stenosis of the upper gastrointestinal tract in technically difficult cases was performed. Technical and clinical success rates and immediate complications were analyzed. Nine cases were included in this study (eight cases of stent insertion and one case of balloon dilatation). Technical success was achieved in all of the patients (100%) and oral feeding was feasible in all of the cases (100%). Immediate complications, such as migration, perforation, and hemorrhage, did not develop in any of the cases. Ultrathin endoscope-assisted method for upper gastrointestinal obstruction is potentially safe and useful to avoid technical failure.
    Clinical endoscopy. 07/2013; 46(4):373-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Congenital habitual patellar dislocation is a rare condition of the knee where the patella dislocates during flexion and relocates during extension. The congenital form is permanent, irreducible, and presents at birth. It is characterized by a short quadriceps and a major patellofemoral dysplasia and short height. This article presents a rare case of a 27-year-old woman with recurring bilateral habitual dislocation of the patella after a failed previous proximal and distal realignment procedure. Clinical examinations of both knees revealed genu valgus knees and lateral joint pain that recurred after several previous operations. Radiographs of both knees showed patellar dislocation and genu valgum associated with patellofemoral dysplasia and osteoarthritis of the lateral compartment. Long-leg standing radiographs showed an anatomic tibiofemoral angle of right 13° and left 6° valgus and a mechanical tibiofemoral angle of right 8° and left 2° valgus and weight-bearing line of 65% on the right and 48% on the left. The authors performed a distal femoral closing wedging osteotomy to correct the valgus deformity, and then percutaneous lateral release and medial reefing were performed to stabilize the patellas of both knees simultaneously.
    Orthopedics 06/2013; 36(6):840-3. · 1.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The treatment of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) avulsion fracture is controversial, especially in skeletally immature patients, because of concerns about physeal damage. To reduce the risk of physeal injury, an arthroscopic technique was performed. A bioabsorbable suture anchor was inserted through anteromedial portals and fixed to a bioabsorbable suture anchor at the center of the fracture bed; it was then passed through the threads at the ACL avulsion fragment and tied with the ACL substance. After this, the avulsion fragment was repaired by an all-inside technique between the distal portion of the ACL and the transverse ligament and periosteum by a suture hook. The arthroscopic hybrid technique using a suture anchor with an all-inside repair is more rigid and safe. In addition, this physeal-sparing fixation is possible in immature patients.
    Arthroscopy techniques. 05/2013; 2(2):e117-20.
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    ABSTRACT: Osteochondroma is the most common benign tumor of the growing bone commonly involving the knee joint region. It often involves the metaphysis of the long bone, occurring extra-articularly. In spite of this, solitary intra-articular osteochondroma has rarely been reported in the literature. A 41-year-old man presented with diffuse pain and discomfort of the left knee for over 2 months. Clinical examination revealed a bony prominence involving the superolateral aspect of the left distal femur. Diagnostic evaluation involved radiography, magnetic resonance imaging, and a diagnostic arthroscopy, which showed features of an intra-articular osteochondroma in the left distal femur. Arthroscopic excision of the solitary intra-articular osteochondroma resulted in a complete relief of symptoms and return to full competitive activities. No recurrence of symptoms occurred during the one year of follow-up. Solitary intra-articular osteochondroma of the knee is an unusual case, which can be successfully managed with arthroscopy.
    Knee surgery & related research. 03/2013; 25(1):36-39.
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    ABSTRACT: Extraintestinal manifestations are not uncommon in Crohn's disease, and a thromboembolic event is a disastrous potential complication. Deep vein thrombosis is the most common manifestation of a thromboembolic event and typically occurs in association with active inflammatory disease. Peripheral neuropathy in Crohn's disease has rarely been reported and is considered an adverse effect of metronidazole therapy. Here, we describe a patient who was initially diagnosed with Crohn's disease complicated with deep vein thrombosis and ulnar neuropathy without metronidazole exposure. The simultaneous occurrence of these complications in the early stage of Crohn's disease has never been reported in the English literature.
    Gut and liver 03/2013; 7(2):252-4. · 1.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: This study examined, at second-look arthroscopy, the results of open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) focusing on root tear of the medial meniscus posterior horn (RTMMP). METHODS: Among 31 consecutive patients who underwent HTO without a meniscectomy or pullout repair for RTMMP, 20 patients were available for second-look arthroscopic evaluation. All patients had medial unicompartmental arthritis. The healing status of the RTMMP was classified as complete, incomplete, and no healing. The difference in the weight bearing line from presurgery to the last follow-up was evaluated. Osteoarthritis and chondral lesions were evaluated, as were clinical results. Correlations between healing status and other variables (weight bearing line, cartilage status, and clinical scores) were assessed. The healed (10 patients) and nonhealed (incomplete 6 patients + no healing 4 patients) groups were also evaluated with respect to other variables. RESULTS: There were 10 (50%) cases with complete healing, 6 (30%) with incomplete healing, and 4 (20%) with no healing. Kellgren-Lawrence grade did not improve according to the standing plain radiograph (P = .09). Progression of chondral lesions was not observed at second-look arthroscopy; some improvement was even observed (P = .002). The median Lysholm score improved from 58 preoperatively to 88.5 at the last follow-up. The median Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score also increased significantly from 62.4 (range, 50 to 76) to 87.2 (range, 80 to 92; P = .003). The comparison between healed and nonhealed groups revealed no statistical differences in all variables. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed a high rate of healing of RTMMP after HTO without attempted repair. Healing of the meniscus was not associated with an improved clinical outcome. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, therapeutic case series.
    Arthroscopy The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery 02/2013; 29(2):226-231. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of a single event of painful popping in the presence of a posterior root tear of the medial meniscus in middle-aged to older Asian patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of medical records of 936 patients who underwent arthroscopic surgeries for an isolated medial meniscus tear between January 2000 and December 2010. There were 332 men and 604 women with a mean age of 41 years (range, 25 to 66 years). The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of a painful popping sensation for a posterior root tear of the medial meniscus were calculated. RESULTS: Arthroscopy confirmed the presence of posterior root tears of the medial menisci in 237 of 936 patients (25.3%). A single event of a painful popping sensation was present in 86 of these 936 patients (9.1%). Of these 86 patients with a painful popping sensation, 83 (96.5%) were categorized as having an isolated posterior root tear of the medial meniscus. The positive predictive value of a painful popping sensation in identifying a posterior root tear of the medial meniscus was 96.5%, the negative predictive value was 81.8%, the sensitivity was 35.0%, the specificity was 99.5%, and the diagnostic accuracy was 77.9%. CONCLUSIONS: A single event of painful popping can be a highly predictive clinical sign of a posterior root tear of the medial meniscus in the middle-aged to older Asian population. However, it has low sensitivity for the detection of a posterior root tear of the medial meniscus. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, therapeutic case series.
    Arthroscopy The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery 01/2013; · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this prospective, randomized, computed tomography-based study was to investigate whether the press-fit technique reduces tunnel volume enlargement (TVE) and improves the clinical outcome after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction at a minimum follow-up of 1 year compared with conventional technique. Sixty-nine patients undergoing primary ACL reconstruction using hamstring autografts were randomly allocated to either the press-fit technique group (group A) or conventional technique group (group B). All patients were evaluated for TVE and tunnel widening using computed tomography scanning, for functional outcome using International Knee Documentation Committee and Lysholm scores, for rotational stability using the pivot-shift test, and for anterior laxity using the KT-2000 arthrometer at a minimum of 1-year follow-up. There were no significant differences in TVE between the 2 groups. In group A, in which the press-fit technique was used, mean volume enlargement in the femoral tunnel was 65% compared with 71.5% in group B (P = .84). In group A, 57% (20 of 35) of patients developed femoral TVE compared with 67% (23 of 34) of patients in group B (P = .27). Both groups showed no significant difference for functional outcome (mean Lysholm score P = .73, International Knee Documentation Committee score P = .15), or knee laxity (anterior P = .78, rotational P = .22) at a minimum follow-up of 1 year. In a comparison of press-fit and conventional techniques, there were no significant differences in TVE and clinical outcome at short-term follow-up. Level II, therapeutic study, prospective randomized clinical trial.
    Arthroscopy The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery 01/2013; 29(1):83-8. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    Jong In Kim
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    ABSTRACT: Over the last fifty years, the number of centenarians has dramatically increased. The centenarian rate (CR) is representative of the general longevity prevalent in a nation; it indicates the number of individuals aged 100 years or above at a given date divided by the size of the corresponding cohort of a given age. Two important attributes of the CR (50-54) are that it reflects both unchanged age-specific fertility and the absence of migration in populations. It can generally be used in longevity-based evaluations of the broader concept of successful ageing. As such, this retrospective analysis of the social factors that contribute to the CR (50-54) may help to identify the factors associated with successful ageing.This study estimates the CR (50-54) and elucidates the influence of social factors on successful ageing and the CR (50-54), examining 32 member countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The social indicators for this study were obtained from the United Nations database. The data for the analysis of centenarians in the 32 OECD countries were obtained from the world population prospects conducted by the United Nations. Associations between social factors and CR (50-54) were assessed using Pearson correlation coefficients and regression models. Significant positive correlations were found between the CR (50-54) and the social factors of expenditure on health as a percentage of gross domestic product (HEGDP: r = 0.411, p < 0.021), general government expenditure on health as a percentage of total government expenditure (GGEH: r = 0.474, p < 0.006), the proportion of fixed-telephone subscriptions in the population (FTS: r = 0.489, p < 0.005), and the human development index (HDI: r = 0.486, p < 0.005). Finally, these CR (50-54) predictors were used to form a model of successful ageing, with higher HEGDP and GGEH as health expenditure, higher FTS as standard of living, and higher HDI as social well-being (R2 = 0.573, P < 0.025). The findings suggest that an increased CR (50-54) is affected by multiple social factors involved in successful ageing. Therefore, if they wish to improve their country's CR (50-54), governments must strengthen their existing support services for the elderly through making improvements to standards of living, social well-being and through increased financing of the health sector.
    BMC International Health and Human Rights 01/2013; 13:16. · 1.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Many experimental and computational studies have reported that osteoarthritis in the knee joint affects knee biomechanics, including joint kinematics, joint contact forces, and muscle activities, due to functional restriction and disability. In this study, differences in muscle activities and joint force patterns between knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients and normal subjects during walking were investigated using the inverse dynamic analysis with a lower extremity musculoskeletal model. Extensor/flexor muscle activations and torque ratios and the joint contact forces were compared between the OA and normal groups. The OA patients had higher extensor muscle forces and lateral component of the knee joint force than normal subjects as well as force and torque ratios of extensor and flexor muscles, while the other parameters had little differences. The results explained that OA patients increased the level of antagonistic cocontraction and the adduction moment on the knee joint. The presented findings and technologies provide insight into biomechanical changes in OA patients and can also be used to evaluate the postoperative functional outcomes of the OA treatments.
    Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine 01/2013; 2013:314280. · 0.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Systemic low-grade chronic inflammation has been intensively investigated in obese subjects. Recently, various immune cell types, such as macrophages, granulocytes, helper T cells, cytotoxic T cells, and B cells, have been implicated in the pathogenesis of adipose tissue inflammation. However, the roles of invariant natural killer T cells (iNKT cells) and the regulation of iNKT cell activity in adipose tissue are not thoroughly understood. Here, we demonstrated that iNKT cells were decreased in number in the adipose tissue of obese subjects. Interestingly, CD1d, a molecule involved in lipid antigen presentation to iNKT cells, was highly expressed in adipocytes and CD1d-expressing adipocytes stimulated iNKT cell activity through physical interaction. iNKT cell population and CD1d expression were reduced in the adipose tissue of obese mice and humans compared to those of lean subjects. Moreover, iNKT cell-deficient Jα18 knockout mice became more obese and exhibited increased adipose tissue inflammation at the early stage of obesity. These data suggest that adipocytes regulate iNKT cell activity via CD1d and that the interaction between adipocytes and iNKT cells may modulate adipose tissue inflammation in obesity.
    Molecular and Cellular Biology 11/2012; · 5.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tissue inflammation is a key factor underlying insulin resistance in established obesity. Several models of immuno-compromised mice are protected from obesity-induced insulin resistance. However, it is unanswered whether inflammation triggers systemic insulin resistance or vice versa in obesity. The purpose of this study was to assess these questions. We fed a high-fat diet (HFD) to wild-type mice and three different immuno-compromised mouse models (lymphocyte-deficient Rag1 knockout, macrophage-depleted, and hematopoietic cell-specific Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase-deficient mice) and measured the time course of changes in macrophage content, inflammatory markers, and lipid accumulation in adipose tissue, liver, and skeletal muscle along with systemic insulin sensitivity. In wild-type mice, body weight and adipose tissue mass, as well as insulin resistance, were clearly increased by 3 days of HFD. Concurrently, in the short-term HFD period inflammation was selectively elevated in adipose tissue. Interestingly, however, all three immuno-compromised mouse models were not protected from insulin resistance induced by the short-term HFD. On the other hand, lipid content was markedly increased in liver and skeletal muscle at day 3 of HFD. These data suggest that the initial stage of HFD-induced insulin resistance is independent of inflammation, whereas the more chronic state of insulin resistance in established obesity is largely mediated by macrophage-induced proinflammatory actions. The early-onset insulin resistance during HFD feeding is more likely related to acute tissue lipid overload.
    Diabetes 09/2011; 60(10):2474-83. · 7.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tribromoethanol (2,2,2-tribromoethanol, TBE) is a popular injectable anesthetic agent used in mice in Korea. Our goal was to assess the risks associated with side effects (lesions) in the abdominal cavity, especially at high doses. To understand the underlying pathophysiological changes, we examined levels of cytokines through ELISA of abdominal lavage fluid and spleen collected from mice treated with low and high-dose TBE. ICR mice were anesthetized using one of the following protocols: a combination of TBE 200 mg/kg (1.25%) and xylazine 10 mg/kg; TBE 400 mg/kg (1.25%); and TBE 400 mg/kg (2.5%). Administration of high-dose TBE (400 mg/kg) increased the interleukin-1β and interleukin-6 levels in the peritoneal cavity over the short term (<1 day) compared with sham controls and low-dose TBE (200 mg/kg) groups. Cytokine expression in the low-dose TBE group was similar to the control group, whereas in the high-dose TBE group cytokine levels were higher in abdominal lavage fluid and spleen over the long term (10 days post-injection). We conclude that a combination of TBE 200 mg/kg (1.25%) and xylazine (10 mg/kg) is a safe and effective anesthetic for use in animals.
    Laboratory animal research. 09/2011; 27(3):197-203.

Publication Stats

127 Citations
44.77 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013–2014
    • Catholic University of Korea
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Wonkwang University
      Riri, North Jeolla, South Korea
    • Inje University Paik Hospital
      • Department of Orthopedic Surgery
      Goyang, Gyeonggi, South Korea
  • 2010–2014
    • Inje University
      Kŭmhae, South Gyeongsang, South Korea
    • Seoul National University
      • • Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
      • • Department of Biological Sciences
      • • Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea