ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to analyse the redox status and redox-sensitive proteins that may contribute to a non-genomic mechanism of cardiac hypertrophy induction by hyperthyroidism. Wistar rats, treated with L-thyroxine (T4) during 2 weeks (12 mg·l(-1) in drinking water), presented cardiac hypertrophy (68% higher than control), without signals of liver or lung congestion. Myocardial reduction of the reduced glutathione: oxidized glutathione (GSSG) ratio (45%) (redox status) and elevation in hydrogen peroxide concentration (H(2) O(2) ) (28%) were observed in hyperthyroid as compared with the control. No significant difference was found in thioredoxin (Trx), Trx reductase activity and Nrf2 (a transcriptional factor) protein expression between groups. Redox-sensitive proteins, quantified using Western blot, presented the following results: increased p-ERK: total extracellular-regulated kinase (ERK) (200%) and Bax:Bcl-2 (62%) ratios and reduced total-Akt (63%) and p-Akt (53%) expressions in the hyperthyroid rats as compared with the control. The redox imbalance, associated with increased immunocontent of a protein related to maladaptative growth (ERK) and reduced immunocontent of protein related to cytoprotection/survival (Akt), may suggest that the molecular scenario could favour the decompensation process of cardiac hypertrophy induced by experimental hyperthyroidism.
Cell Biochemistry and Function 10/2011; 29(7):617-23. · 1.77 Impact Factor