Publications (2)3.09 Total impact
Article: MIND: Modality independent neighbourhood descriptor for multi-modal deformable registration.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Deformable registration of images obtained from different modalities remains a challenging task in medical image analysis. This paper addresses this important problem and proposes a modality independent neighbourhood descriptor (MIND) for both linear and deformable multi-modal registration. Based on the similarity of small image patches within one image, it aims to extract the distinctive structure in a local neighbourhood, which is preserved across modalities. The descriptor is based on the concept of image self-similarity, which has been introduced for non-local means filtering for image denoising. It is able to distinguish between different types of features such as corners, edges and homogeneously textured regions. MIND is robust to the most considerable differences between modalities: non-functional intensity relations, image noise and non-uniform bias fields. The multi-dimensional descriptor can be efficiently computed in a dense fashion across the whole image and provides point-wise local similarity across modalities based on the absolute or squared difference between descriptors, making it applicable for a wide range of transformation models and optimisation algorithms. We use the sum of squared differences of the MIND representations of the images as a similarity metric within a symmetric non-parametric Gauss-Newton registration framework. In principle, MIND would be applicable to the registration of arbitrary modalities. In this work, we apply and validate it for the registration of clinical 3D thoracic CT scans between inhale and exhale as well as the alignment of 3D CT and MRI scans. Experimental results show the advantages of MIND over state-of-the-art techniques such as conditional mutual information and entropy images, with respect to clinically annotated landmark locations.Medical image analysis 05/2012; 16(7):1423-35. · 3.09 Impact Factor
Article: Non-local shape descriptor: a new similarity metric for deformable multi-modal registration.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Deformable registration of images obtained from different modalities remains a challenging task in medical image analysis. This paper addresses this problem and proposes a new similarity metric for multi-modal registration, the non-local shape descriptor. It aims to extract the shape of anatomical features in a non-local region. By utilizing the dense evaluation of shape descriptors, this new measure bridges the gap between intensity-based and geometric feature-based similarity criteria. Our new metric allows for accurate and reliable registration of clinical multi-modal datasets and is robust against the most considerable differences between modalities, such as non-functional intensity relations, different amounts of noise and non-uniform bias fields. The measure has been implemented in a non-rigid diffusion-regularized registration framework. It has been applied to synthetic test images and challenging clinical MRI and CT chest scans. Experimental results demonstrate its advantages over the most commonly used similarity metric - mutual information, and show improved alignment of anatomical landmarks.Medical image computing and computer-assisted intervention : MICCAI ... International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention. 01/2011; 14(Pt 2):541-8.