Yasuhide Hirata

Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan

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Publications (4)8.06 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The mechanism underling bone mineral density (BMD) loss that occurs in the femur after total hip arthroplasty (THA) remains unknown. We compared the equivalent stress and strain energy density (SED) to BMD in the femur after THA using subject-specific finite element analyses. Twenty-four patients who had undergone primary cementless THA were analysed. BMD was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) at 1 week and 3, 6 and 12 months after THA. Seven regions of interest (ROIs) were defined in accordance with Gruen's system (ROIs 1-7). Computed tomography images of the femurs were acquired pre- and postoperatively, and the images were converted into three-dimensional finite element (FE) models. Equivalent stress and SED were analysed and compared with DEXA data. BMD was maintained 1 year after THA in ROIs 3, 4, 5 and 6, whereas BMD decreased in ROIs 1, 2 and 7. FE analysis revealed that equivalent stress in ROIs 3, 4, 5 and 6 was much higher than that in ROIs 1, 2 and 7. A significant correlation was observed between the rate of changes in BMD and equivalent stress. Reduction of equivalent stress may contribute to decrease in BMD in the femur after THA.
    Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering 03/2014; · 1.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Leg length discrepancy (LLD) following total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a leading cause of patient dissatisfaction. However, no reports have described the influence of lower limb alignment on LLD after THA. In the present study, we firstly investigated the change in lower limb alignment after THA. Secondly, we determined the influence of lower limb alignment on LLD after THA. Thirdly, we evaluated the influence of LLD in the entire lower leg on the clinical outcomes after THA. We followed up with 54 unilateral hip osteoarthritis (OA) patients 1 year after THA. For the radiological assessment of LLD and lower limb alignment, we obtained anteroposterior radiographs of the pelvis and both lower legs in entirety in a standing position before and 1 year after THA. The Harris Hip Score (HHS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), and Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36) were also obtained to assess the clinical outcome. The alignment of the affected leg, which was more valgus than the unaffected leg before THA, tended toward varus after THA, and the discrepancy between the lower limb alignments on both sides decreased. However, the alignment discrepancies that remained after THA influenced the LLD measured on the radiograph of the entire lower leg, and this LLD influenced the clinical outcome as measured by the HHS and the WOMAC score. LLD in the entire lower leg should be corrected for a better clinical outcome after THA.
    Journal of Orthopaedic Science 08/2013; · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Stress shielding after total hip arthroplasty (THA) remains an unsolved issue. Various patterns of mechanical stress appear according to the type of femoral stem used. To compare differences in mechanical stress conditions between Zweymuller type and fit-and-fill type stems, finite element analysis (FEA) was performed. Differences in bone mineral density (BMD) changes in the femur were also compared. Maximum stress was confirmed in Gruen zone 4, whereas zone 1 had the minimum amount of stress with both types of implant. The Zweymuller stem group had less mechanical stress and lower BMD in zone 7 than the fit-and-fill stem group. In conclusion, differences in mechanical stress may be related to changes in BMD after THA.
    The Journal of arthroplasty 05/2013; · 1.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The preoperative differentiation of aseptic and septic loosening following a total hip arthroplasty (THA) remains a challenging issue for clinicians to which several molecular imaging techniques have been applied. In our current study, we used F-18 fluoride positron emission tomography (PET) to evaluate THA cases with stable, septic or septic loosened implants to assess the possibility of differentiating these clinical settings using a novel uptake-type classification approach. A total of 65 joints were enrolled in this prospective study comprising 27 asymptomatic stable hips (control group), 11 painful hips conservatively treated after THA due to a suspicion of loosening, and 27 painful hips surgically treated after THA. PET imaging was classified into 3 types according to the uptake pattern. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) was then measured for each joint. A final diagnosis was made via tissue examinations of surgically treated cases, and by serological and radiographic findings in conservatively treated cases. There were significant differences found between the SUVmax values for the aseptic and septic loosening THA cases. In the diagnosis of infection with type 3 pattern, the sensitivity and specificity were measured at 0.95 and 0.98 for all cases, and 0.95 and 0.88 for surgically treated cases, respectively. The results of our current study demonstrate that F-18 fluoride PET has considerable potential as a method for differentiating septic from aseptic loosening following a THA. The type classification of the uptake pattern can be performed relatively simply, and quantifications using the SUVmax values can then provide an objective evaluation.
    Clinical nuclear medicine 11/2011; 36(11):e156-61. · 3.92 Impact Factor