[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the Quadrupole Magnetic Sorter (QMS) magnetic particles enter a vertical flow annulus and are separated from non-magnetic particles by radial deflection into an outer annulus where the purified magnetic particles are collected via a flow splitter. The purity of magnetically isolated particles in QMS is affected by the migration of nonmagnetic particles across transport lamina in the annular flow channel. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations were used to predict the flow patterns, pressure drop and nonspecific crossover in QMS flow channel for the isolation of pancreatic islets of Langerhans. Simulation results were compared with the experimental results to validate the CFD model. Results of the simulations were used to show that one design gives up to 10% less nonspecific crossover than another and this model can be used to optimise the flow channel design to achieve maximum purity of magnetic particles.
The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering 10/2011; 89(5):1068-1075. · 1.00 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Magnetic isolation is a promising method for separating and concentrating pancreatic islets of Langerhans for transplantation in Type 1 diabetes patients. We are developing a continuous magnetic islet sorter to overcome the restrictions of current purification methods that result in limited yield and viability. In Quadrupole Magnetic Sorting (QMS) islets are magnetized by infusing superparamagnetic microbeads into islets' vasculature via arteries that serve the pancreas. The performance of the islet sorter depends on the resulting speed of the islets in an applied magnetic field, a property known as magnetophoretic mobility. Essential to the design and successful operation of the QMS is a method to measure the magnetophoretic mobilities of magnetically infused islets. We have adapted a Magnetic Particle Tracking Velocimeter (MPTV) to measure the magnetophoretic mobility of particles up to 1,000 µm in diameter. Velocity measurements are performed in a well-characterized uniform magnetic energy gradient using video imaging followed by analysis of the video images with a computer algorithm that produces a histogram of absolute mobilities. MPTV was validated using magnetic agarose beads serving as islet surrogates and subjecting them to QMS. Mobility distributions of labeled porcine islets indicated that magnetized islets have sufficient mobility to be captured by the proposed sorting method, with this result confirmed in test isolations of magnetized islets.
Biotechnology and Bioengineering 04/2011; 108(9):2107-17. · 3.65 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Despite significant advances, widespread applicability of islet cell transplantation remains elusive. Refinement of current islet isolation protocols may improve transplant outcomes. Islet purification by magnetic separation has shown early promise. However, surgical protocols must be optimized to maximize the incorporation of paramagnetic microparticles (MP) within a greater number of islets. This study explores the impact of MP concentration and infusion method on optimizing MP incorporation within islets.
Five porcine pancreata were procured from donors after cardiac death. Splenic lobes were isolated and infused with varying concentrations of MP (8, 16, and 32 × 10(8) MP/L of cold preservation solution) and using one of two delivery techniques (hanging bag versus hand-syringe). After procurement and infusion, pancreata were stored at 0°C to 4°C during transportation (less than 1 hour), fixed in 10% buffered formalin, and examined by standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and histopathology.
T2*-weighted MRI showed homogeneous distribution of MP in all experimental splenic lobes. In addition, histologic analysis confirmed that MP were primarily located within the microvasculature of islets (82% to 85%), with few MP present in acinar tissue (15% to 18%), with an average of five to seven MP per islet (within a 5-μm thick section). The highest MP incorporation was achieved at a concentration of 16 × 10(8) MP/L using the hand-syringe technique.
This preliminary study suggests that optimization of a surgical protocol, MP concentrations, and applied infusion pressures may enable more uniform distribution of MP in the porcine pancreas and better control of MP incorporation within islets. These results may have implications in maximizing the efficacy of islet purification by magnetic separation.