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ABSTRACT: We evaluated the immune response to a 2009 influenza A (H1N1) unadjuvanted vaccine in HIV-infected patients and assessed the boosting effect of a second dose. HIV-infected adults were enrolled and scheduled to receive the H1N1 unadjuvanted vaccine containing 15μg of A/California/7/2009 haemagglutinin. Anti-H1N1 antibody titers were measured at enrollment and 4-8 weeks after each vaccination by using haemagglutination inhibition (HI) and virus neutralization (NT) assays. One hundred and four patients were analyzed. Seroconversion, as measured by using HI and NT assays, was observed in 52 (50.0%) patients and 49 (47.1%) patients, respectively, after the first dose. Seroconversion rate evaluated by using NT, but not HI, antibody titers was associated with HIV RNA levels of <400copies/ml (odds ratio, 3.21; 95% CI, 1.15-8.96). Other parameters, including CD4 cell count, were not associated with seroconversion. In a cohort that received two vaccine doses at a 4-8-week interval (n=54), the seroconversion rate and geometric mean titer for HI antibodies were 44.4% (95% CI, 30.8-58.1%) and 30.5 (95% CI, 19.9-46.9) after the first dose, respectively, and 48.1% (95% CI, 34.4-61.9%) and 39.0 (95% CI, 26.1-58.2) after the second dose, respectively. Among HIV-infected patients, the seroconversion rate was around 50% after the first dose of unadjuvanted vaccine. A second dose of vaccine had a limited boosting effect on immunity in this patient cohort.
Vaccine 11/2011; 29(49):9224-8. · 3.77 Impact Factor