Pasi P Karjalainen

Satakunta Hospital District, Björneborg, Province of Western Finland, Finland

Are you Pasi P Karjalainen?

Claim your profile

Publications (59)192.01 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Young patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are generally considered at low procedural risk, but the potentially aggressive nature of coronary artery disease and long expectancy of life expose them to a high risk of recurrent coronary events. The extent and determinants of disease progression in this patient subset remain largely unknown. The aim of the present study was to evaluate general risk factors for late outcomes among patients ≤50 years old who underwent PCI.
    Atherosclerosis 06/2014; 235(2):483-487. · 3.71 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We performed a pooled analysis based on patient-level data from the TITAX-AMI and BASE-ACS trials to evaluate the outcome of titanium-nitride-oxide-coated bioactive stents vs drug-eluting stents in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction at 2-year follow-up.
    Revista espanola de cardiologia. 06/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background. The FinPAC trial showed that the strategy of uninterrupted oral anticoagulation (OAC) was non-inferior to interrupted OAC for the primary outcome of bleeding and thromboembolic complications in patients undergoing cardiac rhythm management device (CRMD) implantation. Methods. We conducted a post hoc analysis of the FinPAC data to explore the incidence and predictors of significant (> 100 cm(2)) pocket hematoma after CRMD implantation among the study population (n = 447). A total of 213 patients were on OAC, 128 were on aspirin, and 106 on no antithrombotic therapy. Results. The incidence of significant pocket hematoma during hospital stay was significantly higher among patients using OAC (5.6%) and aspirin (5.5%) than in those with no antithrombotic medications (0.9%), but only one patient (0.8%) in the aspirin group needed revision of hematoma. Two patients (0.9%) in the OAC group and one (0.8%) in the aspirin group needed blood products. In multivariable regression analysis, no pre- procedural features predicted the significant hematoma in any of the groups. Conclusions. Clinically significant pocket hematoma is a rare complication after CRMD implantation in patients with ongoing therapeutic OAC. The incidence of significant pocket hematoma formation is similar in patients using OAC and those using aspirin.
    Annals of medicine 05/2014; 46(3):177-181. · 3.52 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Coronary vasodilator dysfunction has been reported after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Recent ESC guidelines suggest that transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) may be considered for assessment of coronary flow reserve (CFR) and microvascular disease in patients with stable angina, but its reliability has not been tested in patients with DES. We sought to assess the agreement between TTE (CFRTTE) and invasive thermodilution-derived CFR (CFRThermodilution) as well as their association with index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) in mid-term follow-up after percutaneous coronary intervention for acute coronary syndrome. CFRTTE and CFRThermodilution were assessed 3 months after DES implantation in the left anterior descending artery in 24 patients. Patients with haemodynamically significant epicardial stenosis (fractional flow reserve <0.75) were excluded. Correlation between the two methods was good (r = 0.71, P < 0.001), but CFRThermodilution (mean ± SD) tended to be higher (3.17 ± 1.00 vs. 2.87 ± 0.72; mean difference 0.29, 95% confidence interval -0.06 to 0.59). In Bland-Altman analysis, there was a trend towards a greater difference in the range of higher invasive values. Nevertheless, TTE was successful in discriminating moderately impaired CFR (≤2.5) (P = 0.001) and severely impaired CFR (≤2.0) (P < 0.001) when compared with an invasive method. No association between either CFR measurements vs. IMR measurement was detected, suggesting that in addition to microcirculatory function, CFR also accounts for epicardial vasodilator function in the absence of haemodynamically significant stenosis. TTE is a feasible and reliable method for the assessment of CFR and vasodilator dysfunction after DES implantation. Values obtained with this method successfully find abnormal CFR confirmed with the invasive thermodilution method.
    European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging. 04/2014;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The hypertension, abnormal renal/liver function, stroke, bleeding history or predisposition, labile international normalized ratio, elderly, and drugs/alcohol (HAS-BLED); anticoagulation and risk factors in atrial fibrillation (ATRIA); modified Outpatient Bleeding Risk Index (mOBRI); and reduction of atherothrombosis for continued health (REACH) schemes are validated bleeding risk-prediction tools, but their predictive performance in patients with AF receiving multiple antithrombotic drugs after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is unknown. We sought to compare the predictive performance of bleeding risk-estimation tools in a cohort of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing PCI. Management of patients with AF undergoing coronary artery stenting is a multicenter European prospective registry enrolling patients with AF undergoing PCI. We calculated HAS-BLED, ATRIA, mOBRI, and REACH bleeding risk-prediction scores and assessed the rate of bleeding complications as defined by Bleeding Academic Research Consortium at 12 months follow-up in 929 consecutive patients undergoing PCI. Increasing age, femoral access site, and previous peptic ulcer were independent determinants of bleeding. Low bleeding risk scores as determined by HAS-BLED 0 to 2, ATRIA 0 to 3, mOBRI 0, and REACH 0 to 10 were detected in 23.7%, 73.0%, 7.8%, and 5.7% of patients of the cohort, respectively. No significant differences were detected in the rates of any bleeding or major bleeding events for low versus intermediate/high scores with each risk-prediction tool. In conclusion, the performance of ATRIA, HAS-BLED, mOBRI, and REACH scores in predicting bleeding complications in this high-risk patient subset was useless.
    The American journal of cardiology 04/2014; · 3.58 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Most evidence regarding the efficacy and safety of the antithrombotic regimens for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with stent (PCI-S) derives from small, single-center, retrospective datasets. To obtain further data on this issue, we carried out the prospective, multicenter, observational Management of patients with Atrial Fibrillation undergoing Coronary Artery Stenting (AFCAS) registry (Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT00596570). We hypothesize that the antithrombotic treatment of AF patients undergoing PCI-S is variable and the clinical outcome may vary according to the different regimens. Consecutive AF patients undergoing PCI-S at 17 European institutions were included and followed for 1 year. Outcome measures included: (1) major adverse cardiac/cerebrovascular events (MACCE), including all-cause death, myocardial infarction, repeat revascularization, stent thrombosis, or stroke/transient ischemic attack, and (2) bleeding, and were compared according to the antithrombotic regimen adopted. A propensity-score analysis was carried out to adjust for baseline and procedural differences. Out of the 975 patients enrolled, 914 were included in the final analysis. The mean CHADS2 score was 2.2 ± 1.2, and 71% of patients had a CHADS2 score ≥2. Triple therapy (TT) of vitamin K antagonist (VKA), aspirin, and clopidogrel was prescribed to 74% of patients, dual antiplatelet therapy to 18%, and VKA plus clopidogrel to 8%. At 1-year follow-up, no significant differences were found in the occurrence of MACCE and bleeding among the 3 antithrombotic regimens, even when adjusted for propensity score. In this large, real-world population of AF patients undergoing PCI-S, TT was the antithrombotic regimen most frequently prescribed. Although several limitations need to be acknowledged, in our study the 1-year efficacy and safety of TT, dual antiplatelet therapy, and VKA plus clopidogrel was comparable.
    Clinical Cardiology 01/2014; · 1.83 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores are used to estimate thromboembolic risk in atrial fibrillation (AF). HAS-BLED is recommended for bleeding risk prediction. Their value in predicting the outcome of AF patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is unknown. Thus, our aim was to assess whether these simple risk scores are useful in predicting outcome in these patients. AFCAS is an observational, multicenter, prospective registry including patients (n=929) with AF referred for PCI. Primary study endpoints were 1) all cause mortality; 2) major adverse events (all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, repeat revascularization, stent thrombosis, transient ischemic attack, stroke or other arterial thromboembolism; MACCE); and 3) bleeding at 12 months follow-up. CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores and a modified HAS-BLED (mHAS-BLED) score (omitting labile INR and liver function) were calculated. Patients were distributed as follows: CHADS2 low 29.5%, intermediate 55.2%, high 15.3%; CHA2DS2-VASc low 9.6%, intermediate 46.0%, high 44.5%. A high CHA2DS2-VASc score was predictive of all-cause mortality (p=0.02), whereas CHADS2 was not. High CHA2DS2-VASc score predicted MACCE (HR 2.24, 95%CI 1.21-4.17, p=0.01), as did a high CHADS2 score (HR 1.60, 95%CI 1.05-2.45, p=0.029). Their predictive performance was only modest (C indexes 0.56-0.57). CHADS2 or CHA2DS2-VASc scores were not associated with bleeding. High mHAS-BLED scores (≥3) were not associated with any of the study outcomes. High CHA2DS2-VASc score was the best predictor of thrombotic outcomes after PCI in a high risk AF population. High mHAS-BLED score was not predictive of bleeding events. More accurate, simple risk scores are needed.
    Thrombosis Research 01/2014; · 3.13 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Anaemia has an adverse impact on the outcome in the general patient population undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The aim of this study was to analyse the impact of anaemia on the 12-month clinical outcome of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing PCI and therefore requiring intense antithrombotic treatment. We hypothesised that anaemia might be associated with a worse outcome and more bleeding in these anticoagulated patients. Data were collected from 17 secondary care centres in Europe. Consecutive patients with AF undergoing PCI were enrolled in the prospective, multicenter AFCAS (Atrial Fibrillation undergoing Coronary Artery Stenting) registry. Altogether, 929 patients participated in the study. Preprocedural haemoglobin concentration was available for 861 (92.7%; 30% women). The only exclusion criteria were inability or unwillingness to give informed consent. Anaemia was defined as a haemoglobin concentration of <12 g/dL for women and <13 g/dL for men. The primary endpoint was occurrence of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) or bleeding events. 258/861 (30%) patients had anaemia. Anaemic patients were older, more often had diabetes, higher CHA2DS2-VASc scores, prior history of heart failure, chronic renal impairment and acute coronary syndrome. Anaemic patients had more MACCE than non-anaemic (29.1% vs 19.4%, respectively, p=0.002), and minor bleeding events (7.0% vs 3.3%, respectively, p=0.028), with a trend towards more total bleeding events (25.2% vs 21.7%, respectively, p=0.059). No difference was observed in antithrombotic regimens at discharge. In multivariate analysis, anaemia was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality at 12-month follow-up (hazard ratio 1.62, 95% CI 1.05 to 2.51, p=0.029). Anaemia was a frequent finding in patients with AF referred for PCI. Anaemic patients had a higher all-cause mortality, more thrombotic events and minor bleeding events. Anaemia seems to be an identification of patients at risk for cardiovascular events and death. ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT00596570.
    BMJ Open 01/2014; 4(5):e004700. · 1.58 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction and objectives We performed a pooled analysis based on patient-level data from the TITAX-AMI and BASE-ACS trials to evaluate the outcome of titanium-nitride-oxide-coated bioactive stents vs drug-eluting stents in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction at 2-year follow-up. Methods The TITAX-AMI trial compared bioactive stents with paclitaxel-eluting stents in 425 patients with acute myocardial infarction. The BASE-ACS trial compared bioactive stents with everolimus-eluting stents in 827 patients with acute coronary syndrome. The primary endpoint for the pooled analysis was major adverse cardiac events: a composite of cardiac death, recurrent myocardial infarction, or ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization at 2-year follow-up. Results The pooled analysis included 501 patients; 245 received bioactive stents, and 256 received drug-eluting stents. The pooled bioactive stent group was associated with a risk ratio of 0.85 for major adverse cardiac events (95% confidence interval, 0.53-1.35; P = .49) compared to the pooled drug-eluting stent group. Similarly, the pooled bioactive stent group was associated with a risk ratio of 0.71 for cardiac death (95% confidence interval, 0.26-1.95; P = .51), 0.44 for recurrent myocardial infarction (95% confidence interval, 0.20-0.97; P = .04), and 1.39 for ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization (95% confidence interval, 0.74-2.59; P = .30), compared to the pooled drug-eluting stent group. These results were confirmed by propensity-score adjusted analysis of the combined datasets. Conclusions In patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, bioactive stents were associated with lower rates of recurrent myocardial infarction compared to drug-eluting stents at 2-year follow-up; yet, the rates of cardiac death and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization were similar. Full English text available from: www.revespcardiol.org/en
    Revista Española de Cardiología. 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introducción y objetivos Análisis combinado basado en los datos de pacientes de los ensayos TITAX-AMI y BASE-ACS para evaluar los resultados clínicos obtenidos con stents bioactivos con recubrimiento de titanio-óxido nítrico comparados con los stents liberadores de fármacos en pacientes con infarto agudo de miocardio con elevación del segmento ST tras un seguimiento de 2 años. Métodos El ensayo TITAX-AMI comparó los stents bioactivos con los liberadores de paclitaxel en 425 pacientes con infarto agudo de miocardio. El ensayo BASE-ACS comparó stents bioactivos con stents liberadores de everolimus en 827 pacientes con síndrome coronario agudo. El objetivo principal para el análisis combinado fueron los eventos adversos cardiacos mayores: muerte cardiaca, infarto de miocardio recurrente o revascularización de la lesión diana por causa isquémica tras un seguimiento de 2 años. Resultados El análisis combinado incluyó a 501 pacientes; se trató a 245 con stents bioactivos y se implantó stent liberador de fármacos a 256. En el análisis conjunto, el grupo de stents bioactivos presentó un cociente de riesgos de eventos adversos cardiacos mayores de 0,85 (intervalo de confianza del 95%, 0,53-1,35; p = 0,49) comparado con el grupo de stents liberadores de fármacos. De igual modo, el grupo conjunto de stents bioactivos mostró un cociente de riesgos de muerte cardiaca de 0,71 (intervalo de confianza del 95%, 0,26-1,95; p = 0,51); de infarto de miocardio recurrente, 0,44 (intervalo de confianza del 95%, 0,20-0,97; p = 0,04), y de revascularización de la lesión diana por causa isquémica, 1,39 (intervalo de confianza del 95%, 0,74-2,59; p = 0,30), en comparación con el grupo conjunto tratado con stents liberadores de fármacos. Estos resultados se confirmaron por un análisis de puntuación de propensión ajustado respecto a la serie de datos conjunta. Conclusiones En pacientes con infarto agudo de miocardio con elevación del segmento ST, los stents bioactivos, comparados con los stents liberadores de fármacos, se asociaron a menores tasas de infarto de miocardio recurrente tras un seguimiento de 2 años; no obstante, las tasas de muerte cardiaca y de revascularización de la lesión diana por causa isquémica fueron similares.
    Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition). 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective Young patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are generally considered at low procedural risk, but the potentially aggressive nature of coronary artery disease and long expectancy of life expose them to a high risk of recurrent coronary events. The extent and determinants of disease progression in this patient subset remain largely unknown. The aim of the present study was to evaluate general risk factors for late outcomes among patients ≤50 years old who underwent PCI. Methods Coronary aRtery diseAse in younG adults (CRAGS) is a multicenter European retrospective registry that enrolled 1617 patients (age ≤50 years) who underwent PCI over the years 2002–2012. The median follow-up was 3.0 years. Results The majority of patients were smokers who were nevertheless prescribed adequate secondary prevention medication, including statins, aspirin, beta blockers and/or ACE inhibitors/AT blockers. At 5 years, survival was 97.8%, while freedom from major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events was 74.1%, from repeat revascularization 77.8% and from myocardial infarction 89.9%. Altogether 13.5% of patients exhibited disease progression that indicated a need for repeat revascularization. Other indications for repeat revascularization were restenosis (7.1%) and stent thrombosis (2.1%) at the 5-year follow-up. Independent post-PCI predictors of disease progression were multivessel disease, diabetes and hypertension. Conclusion PCI is associated with excellent survival in patients ≤50 years old. Nevertheless, despite guideline-adherent medication, every eighth patient underwent repeat revascularization due to disease progression diagnosed at the median follow-up of three years, underscoring the need for more effective secondary prevention than currently available.
    Atherosclerosis 01/2014; 235(2):483–487. · 3.71 Impact Factor
  • Thrombosis Research 01/2014; · 3.13 Impact Factor
  • Source
    The international journal of cardiovascular imaging 10/2013; · 2.15 Impact Factor
  • Circulation 10/2013; 128(15):e237-e238. · 15.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background. The BASE-ACS trial demonstrated an outcome of the titanium-nitride-oxide-coated bioactive stents (BAS) statistically non-inferior to that of the everolimus-eluting stents (EES) at 12-month follow-up in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We performed a post hoc analysis of the BASE-ACS trial with particular focus on stent-oriented versus patient-oriented outcome at 24-month follow-up. Methods. A total of 827 patients with ACS were randomly assigned to receive either BAS (417) or EES (410). Stent-oriented outcome was defined as a composite of cardiac death, target vessel-related non-fatal myocardial infarction, or ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization. Patient-oriented outcome was defined as a composite of all-cause death, any non-fatal myocardial infarction, or any revascularization. Results. Clinical follow-up for 24 months was completed in 406 (97.4%) patients in the BAS group and in 398 (97.1%) in the EES group. Stent-oriented outcome at 24-month follow-up occurred at similar frequencies in the two stent groups (10.1% for BAS versus 11.2% for EES, P = 0.53). Likewise, patient-oriented outcome at 24-month follow-up was similar in the two groups (16.3% versus 19.8%, respectively, P = 0.2). Conclusions. In patients presenting with ACS, the rates of both stent-oriented and patient-oriented outcomes at 24-month follow-up in the BAS group were similar to those in the EES group.
    Annals of medicine 09/2013; · 3.52 Impact Factor
  • Pasi Karjalainen
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Incomplete stent endothelialization is associated with late and very late stent thrombosis. In a post hoc analysis of the BASE-ACS trial, we sought to assess neointimal coverage and coronary flow reserve (CFR) 9 months after implantation of titanium-nitride-oxide-coated bioactive stents (BAS) versus everolimus-eluting stents (EES) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). In the BASE-ACS trial, 827 patients with ACS were randomized to receive either BAS or EES. In the current study, we examined neointimal growth and strut coverage by optical coherence tomography and CFR by trans-thoracic echocardiography in 28 consecutive non-diabetic patients with the culprit lesion in the left anterior descending coronary artery. The primary endpoints were binary stent strut coverage and CFR at 9-month follow-up. A total of 13 patients were included in the BAS group (2,033 struts); 15 in the EES group (2,898 struts). Binary stent strut coverage was higher and malapposed struts lower with BAS versus EES (99.4 vs 89.2, and 0.2 vs 4.6 %, respectively, p < 0.001 for both). Neointimal hyperplasia thickness was greater with BAS versus EES (274.2 vs 100.1 μm, respectively, p < 0.001). CFR was lower with EES versus BAS (2.2 ± 0.8 vs 3.0 ± 0.5, respectively, p = 0.001). Abnormal CFR (<2.5) were detected in 10 patients in the EES group versus one in the BAS group (p = 0.002). The current study demonstrated that in patients with ACS, BAS resulted in improved neointimal stent strut coverage and better coronary vasodilator function as compared with EES at 9-month follow-up.
    The international journal of cardiovascular imaging 08/2013; · 2.15 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Periprocedural management of oral anticoagulation (OAC) in patients undergoing cardiac rhythm management (CRM) device implantation is controversial. Prior studies demonstrate that uninterrupted OAC may be safe, but limited data from randomized trials exist. We conducted a multicenter, randomized trial to evaluate the safety of uninterrupted OAC during CRM device implantation. Patients on long-term warfarin (N=213) treatment with contemporary indication for CRM device implantation were randomized to uninterrupted versus interrupted (2days) OAC therapy. The primary outcome included major bleeding events necessitating additional intervention and thromboembolic events during 4weeks follow-up. The randomized groups were well matched in terms of bleeding and thromboembolic risk. Only one (1%) patient in the uninterrupted OAC group (N=106) needed blood transfusion due to rupture of proximal cephalic vein. Large hematomas were detected in 6% of patients in both groups, but there was no need for pocket revision in either group. Any pocket hematoma was observed in 35 patients (33%) in the uninterrupted OAC group and in 43 patients (40%) with interrupted OAC and uninterrupted OAC strategy was non-inferior to interrupted OAC (HR 0.86, 95%, p=0.001 for non-inferiority). One patient with interrupted OAC had stroke 3days after the procedure. Hospital stay was comparable in all patient groups. Our randomized study demonstrates that CRM devices can be safely implanted without discontinuation of warfarin treatment.
    International journal of cardiology 07/2013; · 7.08 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Thrombocytopenia is often regarded as a risk factor for bleeding complications in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The risk of mild to moderate baseline and acquired thrombocytopenia on bleeding and thrombotic or thromboembolic complications in patients with atrial fibrillation on oral anticoagulation therapy undergoing PCI, however, remains largely unknown. Management of Patients With Atrial Fibrillation undergoing Coronary Artery Stenting is a multicenter European prospective registry enrolling patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing PCI. We assessed the rate of bleeding complications as defined by Bleeding Academic Research Consortium and a composite of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) including all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, transient ischemic attack or stroke, stent thrombosis, systemic arterial embolism, or revascularization; and a composite of any harmful event (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium and MACCE) at 12-month follow-up in 861 consecutive patients undergoing PCI. Patients were divided into those with mild to moderate baseline thrombocytopenia (platelet count <150 × 10(9)/L; n = 99) and control group (platelet count >150 × 10(9)/L; n = 762). At hospital discharge, thrombocytopenia had no effect on prescribed antithrombotic treatment, and triple therapy (vitamin K antagonist + aspirin + clopidogrel) was the most common combination in both patient groups (69% vs 73%, p = 0.40). No differences in all-cause mortality (12% vs 11%, p = 0.79), MACCE (23% vs 22%, p = 0.87), or bleeding complications (23% vs 19%, p = 0.26) were detected. Acquired in-hospital thrombocytopenia occurred in 9.7% of patients, and it was associated with similar risk of adverse outcomes compared with control group. In conclusion, mild to moderate baseline thrombocytopenia does not seem to have a clinically significant effect on bleeding or thrombotic or thromboembolic complications after PCI in these frail patients receiving multiple antithrombotic drugs.
    The American journal of cardiology 05/2013; · 3.58 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim: The BASE-ACS trial demonstrated an outcome of titanium-nitride-oxide-coated bioactive stents (BAS) that was statistically non-inferior to that of everolimus-eluting stents (EES) at 12-month follow-up, in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who underwent early percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We explored a post-hoc analysis of the 12-month outcome of the BASE-ACS trial in the subgroup of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) versus non-ST-elevation ACS (non-STEACS). Methods: A total of 827 patients with ACS (321 STEMI) were randomly assigned to receive either BAS or EES. The primary endpoint was a composite of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization (TLR) at 12-month follow-up. Results: The 12-month cumulative incidence of the primary endpoint was similar between the two subgroups (9% versus 9.5%, in STEMI versus non-STEACS patients respectively, P=0.90). The 12-month rate of cardiac death was significantly higher in the STEMI subgroup as compared with the non-STEACS subgroup (2.8 versus 0.6%, respectively, P=0.01). However, the rates of non-fatal MI, ischemia-driven TLR, definite stent thrombosis, and non-cardiac death were all statistically matched between the two subgroups (P>0.05 for all). Conclusion: In the current post-hoc analysis of the BASE-ACS trial based on the infarction type, the 12-month outcome of patients who underwent early PCI for ACS was slightly worse in the setting of STEMI as compared with non-STEACS, as reflected by a significantly higher rate of cardiac death.
    Minerva cardioangiologica 04/2013; 61(2):201-209. · 0.43 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The efficacy and safety of titanium-nitride-oxide-coated bioactive stents (BASs) were demonstrated in prior studies. In a prospective registry, we sought to explore the extent of neointimal coverage of stent struts by optical coherence tomography (OCT) at 30 days following the implantation of BASs in an unselected non-diabetic population. We enrolled 20 consecutive nondiabetic patients who underwent BAS implantation. OCT images were obtained at 30-day follow-up. Binary stent strut coverage was defined as the number of covered struts as a percentage of all analyzed struts. Patients underwent OCT examination at an average of 30.5 ± 5.7 days following stent implantation. In these, 411 cross-sections were analyzed, including 3780 struts. Binary stent strut coverage was 97.2%, and the prevalence of malapposed struts was 3.2%. Mean neointimal thickness was 109.7 ± 83.6 μm. In the current evaluation by OCT at 30-day follow-up after BAS implantation in an unselected non-diabetic cohort, binary stent strut coverage was satisfactory and the prevalence of malapposed struts was low.
    The Journal of invasive cardiology 04/2013; 25(4):186-9. · 1.57 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

362 Citations
192.01 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006–2014
    • Satakunta Hospital District
      Björneborg, Province of Western Finland, Finland
  • 2013
    • University of Turku
      Turku, Province of Western Finland, Finland
    • University of Oulu
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Oulu, Oulu, Finland
  • 2012
    • Kuopio University Hospital
      Kuopio, Eastern Finland Province, Finland
  • 2007–2012
    • Turku University Hospital
      • Turku PET Centre
      Turku, Province of Western Finland, Finland
  • 2011
    • Seinäjoki Central Hospital
      Seinäjoki, Province of Western Finland, Finland
  • 2010
    • Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca
      • Departamento de Cardiología
      Murcia, Murcia, Spain