ABSTRACT: The soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 (sTREM-1) is a useful marker of infection in patients with sepsis, but has not been adequately evaluated in patients with chemotherapy-associated febrile neutropenia (FN). The value of sTREM-1 in this setting has been tested in a retrospective, pilot study using stored serum from 48 cancer patients with documented FN. On presentation, patients were categorized according to the Talcott risk-index clinical score. Circulating soluble sTREM-1 was measured using an ELISA procedure, while procalcitonin (PCT) or interleukins 6 (IL-6) and 8 (IL-8), included for comparison, were measured using an immunoluminescence-based assay and Bio-Plex® suspension bead array system, respectively. Circulating concentrations of both sTREM-1 and PCT were significantly (P < 0.05) elevated in patients at high risk for complications or death, as predicted by the Talcott score and were significantly lower in patients who responded to empiric antimicrobial agents. Neither IL-6 nor IL-8 accurately predicted serious complications in patients with FN. These observations, albeit from a pilot study, demonstrate that sTREM-1 is indeed elevated in high-risk patients with FN and is potentially useful to predict their clinical course, either together with, or as an alternative to PCT.
Annals of Hematology 10/2011; 91(4):605-11. · 2.62 Impact Factor