[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Here we report for the first time the possibility of sequential sperm motility activation in sturgeon (sterlet, Acipenser ruthenus), a fish with external fertilization, through changes either in osmolality (global solute concentration) or in the Ca(2+) concentration of the medium surrounding the spermatozoa. Sperm motility was initiated in any of three solutions containing buffer and sucrose at 80, or 40 or 10mM (called S80, S40, S10, respectively); S80 is hypertonic relative to sterlet seminal fluid, while S40 is isotonic and S10 is hypotonic. After cessation of sperm movement at the end of this first motility period, a second and then a third, subsequent motile phase were observed. The second motility period was induced at cessation of motility in S80 by imposing a two-fold decrease in osmolality. After arrest of motility in this half-diluted S80, a third motility period could be initiated by addition of CaCl2 to 1mM final concentration. At the end of a first motility period in either S40 or S10, subsequent motility re-activation episodes were achieved only by addition of 1mM CaCl2. Depending on conditions in which sperm samples were activated, significant differences in curvilinear velocity, percent motile spermatozoa, motility duration time, and specific external features of spermatozoa flagella were observed. Altogether, these observations on the ability of sturgeon spermatozoa to sustain sequential activation episodes by experimental adjustment of their environmental conditions represent a potent model for deeper investigations on the sperm motility activation mechanisms.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Seminal plasma of sterlet Acipenser ruthenus was evaluated using comparative proteomics to characterize its protein fractions and to determine any influence of multiple sperm collections on these proteins. An experimental group of fish was used, in which sperm was collected three times at 5 h intervals. Protein fractions of seminal plasma were determined by SDS-gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and two-dimensional electrophoresis high-resolution gels (2D). At all stripping times, five protein bands with molecular weights of 93, 53, 48, 33 and 28 kDa were identified using SDS-PAGE. No significant differences (p > 0.05) in relative mass of protein bands among collections were observed. At the third collection, 20 protein spots were detected from the two-dimensional gels, compared to 17 found at the first and second collections. Ten protein spots, from the third stripping, were analysed. Screening of these spots by mass spectrometric analysis showed positive results for spot 10. Direct comparison across public databases revealed sequence similarity with two hypothetical proteins, MCAG_00854 and IscW_ISCW011489. Differences in the seminal plasma protein fractions were found at the third stripping compared to the first two. It is hypothesized that these extra proteins after the third collection could be involved in some step of intracellular mechanism which is responsible for regulating of spermatozoa motility. However, protein identification revealed no significant distinction for any protein spot and protein sequences available in public databases. These results highlighted the need for a complete genome sequences for sturgeons.
Reproduction in Domestic Animals 07/2012; · 1.39 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study investigated the effects of multiple collections of sperm on endangered sterlet (Acipenser ruthenus) sperm functional parameters [spermatozoa motility and curvilinear velocity (VCL)] as well as on protein concentration and osmolality of seminal plasma. The average sperm volume and mean spermatozoa concentration per male were significantly altered with multiple collections. On the other hand, no significant effect of multiple collections on protein concentration of seminal plasma was observed. In all experimental groups, moderate impact of sequential collection on osmolality (p < 0.05) of seminal plasma was observed. Ninety to 100% of motile spermatozoa were observed at 15 s after activation, with an average VCL of 181.12 ± 19.10 μm/s. After 90 s, average VCL decreased to 130 ± 26 μm/s. Motility was maintained for up to 4 min. The maximum percentage of motile spermatozoa was observed after the third collection of sperm. The spermatozoa VCL increased significantly with subsequent collections. The results of this study provide new data on the effects of multiple collections on quantitative and qualitative parameters of sperm in sterlet. The data confirmed that the sequential stripping has no negative effect on the percentage of motility and spermatozoa velocity. This should be beneficial for the development of sterlet aquaculture programs.
Reproduction in Domestic Animals 10/2011; 47(3):479-84. · 1.39 Impact Factor