[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hirschsprung's disease in adulthood is very rare and is often misdiagnosed. We present four cases of adulthood Hirschsprung's disease seen in the last two decades to illustrate challenges accompanying its diagnosis and management.
This descriptive case series included cases of histologically proven Hirschsprung's seen in adulthood at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex in the last two decades (1991-2011). The clinical data, radiological investigations, details of surgical treatment, histological diagnosis, outcomes and complications were analyzed.
There were 4 adult patients, 3 males and 1 female with age ranging from 17 to 74 years (mean 23 years). Each patient presented with sub acute intestinal obstruction needing two staged procedures of initial colostomy followed by definitive procedure of low anterior resection (State procedure) in 3 patients and Swenson-Bill procedure in one. There was one mortality and good long term outcome in the remaining three.
This review presented the oldest patient presenting with adult Hirschsprung's and the highest mean age of any case series. Four patients with adulthood Hirschsprung's disease managed by two operative procedures enabled comparison of operative outcome with respect to complications and functional outcomes. Mortality seems to correlate with presentation at old age, which is usually due to life long self-management of chronic constipation. Though very rare, a high index of suspicion of adulthood Hirschprung's disease should be maintained in adult patients with recurrent chronic constipation needing lifelong laxative, enema or mechanical wash-out.
African journal of medicine and medical sciences 09/2013; 42(3):277-82.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tension-free mesh inguinal hernia repair is becoming increasingly popular worldwide. However, reports are sparse in Nigeria.
To evaluate the impact, outcome and cost implication of tension free inguinal hernia repair in a Nigerian setting.
A prospective study of all consecutive adults patients with uncomplicated inguinal hernia who had mesh repair over a period of 12 months was undertaken. A large sheet of 900cm2 polyproylene mesh material was used for all the patients in the study. All wounds were opened on the third postoperative day while sutures were removed on the eight day. Patients were followed up for one year.
A total number of 30 patients had tension-free mesh ingunal hernia repair. Their ages ranged from 21 to 78 years (mean 47.2±15.5) years with a female to male ratio of 1:15. Complete inguinoscrotal hernia was the commonest type of groin hernia accounting for 40% of the cases. The repair of posterior wall which entailed placement of mesh was completed at a median time of 15 minutes. While two (6.7%) and one (3.3%) had wound oedema and groin pain respectively at one month, none of the patients had these complications or recurrence at a median of five months follow-up period.
Tension-free mesh inguinal hernia repair was well tolerated and affordable to our patients. Pain and infections, reported to be the common complications of this procedure were infrequent in this study. A larger study is recommended to help confirm these findings.
West African journal of medicine 01/2011; 30(2):110-3.