[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Favourable clinical results in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with high disease activity (HDA) are difficult to achieve. This study evaluated the clinical efficacy of abatacept according to baseline disease activity compared to adalimumab and tocilizumab. This study included all patients registered in a Japanese multicenter registry treated with abatacept (n = 214), adalimumab (n = 175), or tocilizumab (n = 143) for 24 weeks. Clinical efficacy of abatacept in patients with HDA (DAS28-CRP > 4.1) and low and moderate disease activity was compared. Clinical efficacy of abatacept, adalimumab, and tocilizumab was compared in patients with HDA at baseline. In patients treated with abatacept, multivariate logistic regression identified HDA at baseline as an independent predictor for achieving low disease activity (LDA; DAS28-CRP < 2.7) [OR 0.26, 95 % CI 0.14-0.50] or remission (DAS28-CRP < 2.3) [OR 0.26, 95 % CI 0.12-0.56] at 24 weeks. In patients with HDA at baseline, logistic regression did not identify treatment with adalimumab or tocilizumab as independent predictors of LDA or remission compared to abatacept. Retention rates based on insufficient efficacy were significantly higher in patients treated with abatacept compared to adalimumab and lower than tocilizumab. Retention rates based on adverse events in patients treated with abatacept were significantly lower compared to tocilizumab. Clinical efficacy of abatacept was affected by baseline disease activity. There were no significant differences between the three different classes of biologics regarding clinical efficacy for treating RA patients with HDA, although definitive conclusions regarding long-term efficacy will require further research.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: The inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) directly stimulates C-reactive protein (CRP) expression. The present study aimed to examine how clinical treatment outcomes of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with tocilizumab (TCZ), a humanised monoclonal anti-IL-6 receptor antibody, are related to CRP levels monitored for 52 weeks. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-two RA patients who underwent TCZ treatment between May 2008 and September 2009 were registered in the Tsurumai Biologics Communication Registry. Data were collected at initiation of treatment (baseline) and over 52 weeks for Disease Activity Score 28-ESR (DAS28-ESR), Boolean core measurements, serum CRP levels and matrix metalloproteinase-3 levels. To compare clinical results, patients were divided into three groups based on treatment time required to achieve normal CRP levels. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis using the Cox proportional-hazards regression model found that higher CRP levels at baseline was a significant and independent factor in predicting normal CRP levels over 52 weeks (hazard ratio 0.86 per 1 mg/dL). In contrast, disease duration, concomitant methotrexate use and previous tumour necrosis factor inhibitor failure were not significant factors. Patients with normal CRP levels at 12 weeks of TCZ treatment achieved better clinical outcomes, including remission based on DAS28-ESR criteria, compared to patients with elevated CRP levels at 12 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: Adequate suppression of pathological IL-6 signalling during TCZ treatment improves clinical outcomes and can be monitored with serum CRP levels, a readily available biomarker in clinical practice.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the treatment retention and efficacy of abatacept, the first member of a new class of biologic agents, in Japanese rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients during clinical practice. METHODS: A retrospective multicenter study was conducted with patients who underwent abatacept therapy for 24 weeks (n = 143). RESULTS: Patients at baseline had a mean age of 63.5 years, a mean disease duration of 11.3 years, and a mean disease activity score in 28 joints (DAS28) of 4.5. Overall retention of abatacept treatment was 83.2 % at 24 weeks, when 46.2 % of patients achieved DAS28-defined low disease activity (LDA; DAS28 <3.2) and 26.6 % achieved DAS28-defined remission (DAS28 <2.6). LDA was achieved in a significantly higher proportion of patients without prior biologics therapy compared to those with prior biologics (60.9 vs. 34.2 %, p = 0.001). There was no significant difference between patients with or without concomitant methotrexate (MTX) therapy (45.2 vs. 47.5 %). CONCLUSIONS: Abatacept therapy appears to be highly effective and well tolerated during clinical treatment of RA. Abatacept was particularly effective in patients with no history of biologics use, and did not appear to be dependent on concomitant MTX therapy.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Biologics have transformed the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Clinical remission is now the goal. We sought to verify whether the administration of tocilizumab-a biologic-can help to achieve current treatment goals. METHODS: Using data from the Tsurumai Biologics Communication Registry for 122 patients treated with tocilizumab, we evaluated changes in DAS28-ESR at 12 months after initiation, and also evaluated remission rates defined using conventional and new Boolean-based remission criteria. We divided 50 patients who had received tocilizumab as a first-line treatment into two groups [disease duration at baseline of 12 months or less (≤12 M) and more than 12 months (>12 M)]. RESULTS: At 12 months after initiation, there was no difference in DAS28-ESR, and remission rates based on the conventional criterion were also comparable (50 % in both groups). However, under the new criterion, remission was 50.0 % in the ≤12 M group against 12.5 % in the >12 M group (p = 0.0181). Among the individual components of the new remission criterion, the small proportion of patients in the >12 M group with a patient global assessment (PtGA) of ≤1 had a particularly strong influence on the remission rate for that group, but this component was not as important for the ≤12 M group. CONCLUSIONS: When used as a first-line biological drug for patients with early-stage RA (≤12 M), tocilizumab appears to provide high rates of remission under the Boolean-based remission criterion, which were strongly affected by the PtGA.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The goal of treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA) should be remission, for which a new definition was proposed in 2011. To determine which patients can achieve the new Boolean-based definition of remission in clinical practice, we analyzed factors associated with remission in 123 patients who received tocilizumab for 52 weeks. We found that patients with short disease duration (<4.8 years) had a significantly higher rate of remission (31.7%) than those with longer disease duration, and patient global assessment was the most important factor for achieving remission. Multivariate analysis revealed the following predictors of remission: short disease duration [<4.8 years; odds ratio (OR) 2.5, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.4-4.7] and lower disease activity [28-joint disease activity score-erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR) <5.23; OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.2-5.1). In this study, we showed that remission, as newly defined using a Boolean approach, is a realistic goal for patients treated with tocilizumab with short disease duration in real-world clinical practice.
Modern Rheumatology 09/2011; 22(3):370-5. · 1.72 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Biologic agents have proven to be effective against rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in clinical trials and post-marketing surveillance (PMS) studies. However, limited follow-up periods and strict criteria for recruitment might lead to an underestimation of adverse events. To document the long-term course of patients with RA treated with biologics in clinical settings, we established the Tsurumai Biologics Communication Registry (TBCR). First, we retrospectively collected data of patients registered for any biologic PMS study or clinical trial at participating institutes. Thus far, thirteen institutes have joined the registry and 860 patients have been identified. Comparing baseline characteristics by age and initiation year of biologics, young patients had significantly less joint damage and dysfunction and a higher dose of concomitant methotrexate (MTX) compared to older patients. Older age and functional class were significantly related to the incidence of adverse events that resulted in discontinuation of the 1st biologic treatment. The TBCR is in its initial stages, and information on all patients newly starting biologic therapy at participating institutes is being collected prospectively. Differences in baseline characteristics by age and initiation year of biologics need to be carefully evaluated in order to report on drug-related survival and long-term prognosis, using follow-up data in the near future.
Modern Rheumatology 09/2011; 22(3):339-45. · 1.72 Impact Factor