ABSTRACT: In newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, short-term insulin therapy might improve β-cell function and glycemic control. This study aimed to compare the effects of basal insulin monotherapy with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) treatment.
Fifty-nine cases of newly diagnosed T2DM patients with fasting plasma glucose of 9.0-16.7 mmol/L were recruited into this study. They were hospitalized and randomly assigned to a basal insulin monotherapy group (n=27) or a CSII group (n=32). Insulin dosage was titrated according to fasting capillary blood glucose levels, and treatment was stopped after 2 weeks. Intravenous glucose tolerance tests were performed, and blood glucose, insulin, C-peptide, and lipid profiles were measured before therapy and 2 days after therapy withdrawal.
Both treatments reduced fasting and postprandial blood glucose levels (after treatment vs. baseline, both P<0.05). Fasting glycemic control target was achieved in 52 cases (88.14%) with 2 weeks of insulin treatment, and there were no significant differences between the glargine and CSII groups (P=0.059). The time to achieve fasting glycemic target in the CSII group was shorter than that in the glargine group (P<0.01). Plasma lipid profiles such as triglycerides and total cholesterol also decreased significantly after the intervention. Overall β-cell function improved significantly after insulin intervention (P<0.01). Variation did not differ between two groups, nor did the effects on insulin and C-peptide secretion (P>0.05).
The effect of basal insulin monotherapy was similar to that of CSII, and thus basal insulin monotherapy might be a reasonable alternative to CSII for initial insulin therapy in newly diagnosed T2DM patients.
Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics 08/2011; 14(1):35-42. · 1.93 Impact Factor