ABSTRACT: A novel human recombinant adenovirus of species A (HAdV-A31 MZ) was isolated from a patient with acute gastroenteritis in Japan. The complete genome of HAdV-A31 strain MZ contains 33 776 bp. Analysis of the hexon gene of HAdV-A31 MZ indicated that its hexon sequence is the result of a genetic recombination between those of HAdV-A31 and a close relative to HAdV-A12. The recombination sites were found around the border of hypervariable loops 1 and 2 in the hexon gene, which are the most important determinants for virus neutralization. Loops 1 and 2 of this virus were genetically related to HAdV-A12, whereas all other parts of the genome were highly similar to HAdV-A31. In order to understand the evolution of adenoviruses correctly and to avoid misidentification of HAdV types, we recommend characterizing not only the hexon gene, but also the penton base and fiber genes.
Journal of General Virology 08/2011; 92(Pt 12):2770-5. · 3.36 Impact Factor