ABSTRACT: In order to assess the clinical outcome and prognostic factors of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) who were initially treated in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine between 1997 and 2006, statistical analyses were performed based on the patient medical records. Cause-specific survival (CSS) and disease-free survival (DFS) in all cases (stage I to IV, n = 32) and advanced cases (stage III and IV, n = 22) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. The independent prognostic values of the clinical and therapeutic factors were determined using multivariate Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: The 5-year CSS/DFS were 43.4%/34.8% in all cases and 34.5%/29.8% in advanced cases. Multivariate analysis revealed that, in all cases, the independent prognostic factors for CSS were age (> or = 61 vs. < or = 60, risk ratio (RR) = 5.717, p = 0.006), T-stage (3/4 vs. 1/2, RR = 6.957, p = 0.004), and the use of platinum agents (unused vs. used, RR = 3.911, p = 0.012), whereas those for DFS were T-stage (3/4 vs. 1/2, RR = 3.499, p = 0.019) and the use of platinum agents (unused vs. used, RR = 2.947, p = 0.028). In advanced cases, the use of platinum agents alone was significant for both CSS (RR = 4.503, p = 0.023) and DFS (RR = 4.218, p = 0.014). The patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) showed better CSS and DFS than the patients who did not (p = 0.066 and p = 0.025, respectively) in a univariate analysis (Log-rank test), although no significant difference was seen between these groups in the multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: The advantage of the administration of platinum agents in the treatment of NPC was statistically corroborated even in our study with its small sample size. As agents combined with chemoradiotherapy, the efficacy of docetaxel alone did not seem comparable to that of platinum agents. The docetaxel-CDDP-5-FU regimen applied as NAC was suggested to be possibly beneficial for advanced cases of NPC.
Nippon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho 08/2012; 115(8):773-82.
ABSTRACT: Combining ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) usually results in the best preoperative diagnosis of cervical masses, including neoplasms. This may not be true, however, especially in occult papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) associated with single cystic cervical lymph node metastasis. We assessed the role of thyroglobulin measurement in FNA fluid (FNATg) in differentially diagnosing cystic cervical mass lesions, including PTC cystic lymph node metastasis.
We reviewed the records of 17 subjects with cervical cystic masses undergoing both FNATg measurement and surgery. FNA was done under ultrasonographic guidance. We also measured FNATg concentrations from extrathyroid lesions, consisting of cystic cervical lymph node metastases and benign cystic lesions.
Pathological diagnosis involved 5 PTC lymph node metastases, 3 lateral cervical cysts, 7 thyroglossal duct cysts, and 2 squamous cell carcinoma (lung and oropharynx) lymph node metastases. FNATg of PTC lymph node metastasis was much higher than the reference range of blood serum thyroglobulin, although much lower for the lateral cervical cyst detection threshold. FNAC and FNATg measurement are thought to be mutually complementary in the differential diagnosis of PTC cystic lymph node metastasis.
High concentrations of FNATg in a cystic cervical mass is considered specific to PTC lymph node metastasis, indicating its usefulness in distinguish PTC cystic metastasis from other cystic lesions. Including FNATg measurement with FNAC may thus improve preoperative diagnosis accuracy without additionally stressing subjects with PTC cystic lymph node metastasis.
Nippon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho 12/2011; 114(12):912-6.
ABSTRACT: Patients with clinical stage I/II (T1-2N0M0) oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) usually undergo partial glossectomy alone. However, 14-48% of them develop delayed neck metastasis (DNM), which may lead to an unfavorable course. Recently epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been thought to play a crucial role in cancer metastasis. The present study aimed to examine the associations of EMT-involved molecular factors and clinicopathological factors with DNM in stage I/II TSCC.
mRNA expression levels of E-cadherin and its transcriptional repressors (snail, SIP1, and twist) in 7 head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell lines were evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR. Clinicopathological parameters and immunohistochemical expressions of E-cadherin and its repressors were examined in surgical specimens of 37 stage I/II TSCC patients who underwent partial glossectomy alone.
In HNSCC cells, E-cadherin expression was inversely correlated with SIP1 expression (P = 0.023). Univariate analysis of immunohistochemistry showed that overexpression of SIP1 and loss of E-cadherin were significantly correlated with DNM, although no inverse correlation was found between E-cadherin and its repressors. Multiple logistic regression analysis including clinicopathological and molecular factors revealed that overexpression of SIP1 (P = 0.005), loss of E-cadherin (P = 0.046), and vascular invasion (P = 0.024) were independently correlated with DNM.
These results suggest that development of DNM in stage I/II TSCC is closely related to induction of EMT in primary tumor cells. Especially, SIP1 and E-cadherin are considered to be the possible markers for selecting patients at high risk of DNM.
Annals of Surgical Oncology 09/2011; 19(2):612-9. · 4.17 Impact Factor