Osteoporosis International 08/2012; · 4.58 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The hormone fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is involved in mineral homeostasis but may also have a role in vascular calcification and bone mineralization. In a cohort of 142 patients with CKD stages 2-5D, plasma FGF23 was independently associated with aortic calcification but not with pulse wave velocity or bone mineral density.
FGF23 is involved in mineral homeostasis but may also have a role in vascular calcification and bone mineralization. Previous studies related to FGF23 and vascular and bone outcomes have been restricted to dialysis patients. The aim of the present study was to establish whether or not plasma FGF23 is associated with aortic and coronary calcification, arterial stiffness, and bone mineral density in patients with early as well as late stages of CKD.
In a cohort of 142 patients with CKD stages 2-5D, we made routine biochemistry and intact FGF23 determinations, and assessed aortic and coronary calcification, bone mineral density (BMD), and arterial stiffness by multislice spiral computed tomography and automated pulse wave velocity (PWV).
Plasma intact FGF23 levels were elevated in CKD patients; the elevation preceded that of serum phosphate in early-stage CKD. Patients with elevated FGF23 levels had higher aortic and coronary calcification scores than patients with lower FGF23 levels. Multivariate linear regression analysis indicated that only age (p < 0.001) and FGF23 (p = 0.008) were independently associated with aortic calcification score. Plasma FGF23 was neither associated with PWV nor with BMD.
Our data suggest that plasma FGF23 is an independent biomarker of vascular calcification in patients with various CKD stages including early stages. The association between vascular calcification and FGF23 levels appears to be independent of BMD. It remains to be seen whether this association is independent of bone turnover and bone mass.
Osteoporosis International 11/2011; 23(7):2017-25. · 4.58 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: We analyzed the relationship between aortic calcification and two osteoporotic parameters (bone mineral density (BMD) and incident osteoporotic fractures) in 667 ambulatory, elderly women from the Epidemiology of Osteoporosis (EPIDOS) cohort (mean age, 80 years; range, 72-94 years). We did not find any correlation between the aortic calcification score and BMD or osteoporotic fractures.
The aging process is associated with osteoporosis and aortic calcification; conditions which may have similar disease mechanisms. However, the relationship between these two settings remains to be elucidated. We analyzed the relationship between aortic calcification and osteoporotic parameters (BMD and incident osteoporotic fractures) in a cohort of ambulatory, elderly women.
The study included 667 ambulatory women from the EPIDOS cohort (mean age, 80 years; age range, 72-94 years). The baseline examination included bone investigations, a clinical and functional examination, and a comprehensive questionnaire on health status and lifestyle. Semiquantitative methods were used to determine the abdominal aortic calcification score on baseline radiographs. Incident fractures were recorded via postal questionnaires issued every 4 months for about 4 years.
Five hundred three women (75%) had aortic calcification. The mean aortic calcification score was 5.5 (median, 4). During the follow-up period, 186 (28%) women reported one or more incident osteoporotic fractures. We did not find any correlation between the aortic calcification score on one hand and the BMD or the occurrence of incident osteoporotic fractures on the other. Only age and systolic blood pressure were found to be independently associated with the aortic calcification score. Osteoporotic fractures were independently associated with age and BMD.
Osteoporosis and aortic calcification appear to be independent processes in a cohort of ambulatory, elderly women. However, potential confounding factors may be present and prospective studies are needed to investigate this situation further.
Osteoporosis International 09/2011; 23(5):1533-9. · 4.58 Impact Factor