ABSTRACT: We show that spin anisotropy can be transferred to an isotropic system by transport of a spin-quadrupole moment. We derive the quadrupole moment current and continuity equation and study a spin-valve structure consisting of two ferromagnets coupled to a quantum dot probing an impurity spin. The quadrupole backaction on their coupled spin results in spin torques and anisotropic spin relaxation which do not follow from standard spin-current considerations. We demonstrate the detection of the impurity spin by charge transport and its manipulation by electric fields.
Physical Review Letters 08/2011; 107(8):087202. · 7.37 Impact Factor