ABSTRACT: Epidural hematomas which are located at the vertex are rarely seen and form a small percentage of total epidural hematomas. Tearing in the superior sagittal sinus is the usual cause of an epidural hematoma located in the vertex. The clinical features of this entity are non-specific; hence, localization of the lesion is difficult. We report an adult who was hit by a motorcycle and was initially discharged from the hospital as a case of concussional head injury. He returned back with raised intracranial pressure symptoms, so a CT scan was done but was misinterpreted, and he reported one week later with bilateral abducent nerve palsy. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed vertex EDH for which he was operated.These hematomas are seen rarely and can be interpreted as an artifact. Its recognition is important because it has an excellent prognosis. We concluded that all head injury patients should get high axial cuts on the CT scan, and any degree of suspicion should prompt a neurosurgeon to investigate further with coronal CT scan or MRI.
Turkish neurosurgery 01/2012; 22(2):257-60. · 0.62 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: We endeavored to analyze patients of subacute and chronic subdural hematomas studied in a 4-year period at the Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Kashmir, India.
The study was a retrospective analysis of 1181 patients of subdural hematomas. Demographic characteristics, clinico-radiologic features, operative modalities, and outcome were studied. Acute subdural hematomas were excluded from the study.
The mean age was 60.4 ± 12.4 and males outnumbered females. Chronic subdural collections were more common than subacute subdural hematomas and left side predominated. Two burr holes with closed-system drainage was used in most patients. Incidence of postoperative seizures is very low. Overall recurrence rates were low; however, multilocular hematomas had the highest incidence of recurrence. Morbidity and mortality were 7.53% and 2.96%, respectively. Preoperative neurologic grade correlated with outcome.
Subdural hematomas are common in elderly males. Preoperative neurologic grade dictates the outcome. Multilocular hematomas have a higher chance of recurrence. Craniotomy should be reserved for recurrent hematomas, and there may be a scope of craniotomy for multilocular chronic subdural hematomas at the outset. Antiepileptic prophylaxis is not routinely recommended.
World Neurosurgery 01/2012; 77(1):103-10. · 0.68 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation of hypodensity in extradural hematomas on CT with the clinical profile in pediatric patients. This is the only study available in this age group.
This was a prospective study conducted over a period of 3 years in which all children 18 years old or younger with a diagnosis of cranial extradural hematoma were included. The patients were allocated to 2 groups: those with mixed-density clots (17 cases) and those with classically hyperdense clots (52 cases). A comparative analysis between the 2 groups was conducted.
Patients with mixed-density clots presented earlier to the hospital, had poor Glasgow Coma Scale scores at admission, exhibited large clot volumes, had a high incidence of active bleeding at surgery, and had increased morbidity and mortality as compared with the patients with hyperdense extradural hematomas.
Early recognition and rapid evacuation of the mixed-density clot with restoration of hemostasis may result in a decline in morbidity and death in children with this entity.
Journal of Neurosurgery Pediatrics 10/2011; 8(4):417-21. · 1.53 Impact Factor