Mathijs O Versteylen

Maastricht Universitair Medisch Centrum, Maestricht, Limburg, Netherlands

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Publications (16)105.35 Total impact

  • JACC. Cardiovascular imaging 05/2014; 7(5):529-30. · 14.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is emerging as a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of this study was to determine the applicability and efficiency of automated EAT quantification. Methods and Materials EAT volume was assessed both manually and automatically in 157 coronary CTA patients. Manual assessment consisted of a short axis-based manual measurement while automated assessment on both contrast and non-contrast enhanced datasets was achieved through novel prototype software (syngo.via, Siemens Healthcare). Duration of both quantification methods was recorded and EAT volumes were compared using paired samples t-test. Correlation of volumes was determined using intraclass correlation coefficient; agreement was tested using Bland-Altman analysis. The association between EAT and CAD was estimated using logistic regression. Results Automated quantification was significantly less time consuming than automated quantification (17±2 vs. 280±78 seconds, p<0.0001). Although manual EAT volume differed significantly from automated EAT volume (75±33 cm³ vs. 95±45 cm³, p<0.001), a good correlation between both assessments was found (r=0.76, p<0.001). For all methods, EAT volume was positively associated with the presence of CAD. Stronger predictive value for the severity of CAD was achieved through automated quantification on both contrast enhanced and non-contrast enhanced datasets. Conclusion Automated EAT quantification is a quick method to estimate EAT and may serve as a predictor for CAD presence and severity.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography. 01/2014;
  • Mathijs O Versteylen, Ivo A Joosen, Leonard Hofstra
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 08/2013; · 14.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Aberrant neutrophil activation occurs during the advanced stages of atherosclerosis. Once primed, neutrophils can undergo apoptosis or release neutrophil extracellular traps. This extracellular DNA exerts potent proinflammatory, prothrombotic, and cytotoxic properties. The goal of this study was to examine the relationships among extracellular DNA formation, coronary atherosclerosis, and the presence of a prothrombotic state. APPROACH AND RESULTS: In a prospective, observational, cross-sectional cohort of 282 individuals with suspected coronary artery disease, we examined the severity, extent, and phenotype of coronary atherosclerosis using coronary computed tomographic angiography. Double-stranded DNA, nucleosomes, citrullinated histone H4, and myeloperoxidase-DNA complexes, considered in vivo markers of cell death and NETosis, respectively, were established. We further measured various plasma markers of coagulation activation and inflammation. Plasma double-stranded DNA, nucleosomes, and myeloperoxidase-DNA complexes were positively associated with thrombin generation and significantly elevated in patients with severe coronary atherosclerosis or extremely calcified coronary arteries. Multinomial regression analysis, adjusted for confounding factors, identified high plasma nucleosome levels as an independent risk factor of severe coronary stenosis (odds ratio, 2.14; 95% confidence interval, 1.26-3.63; P=0.005). Markers of neutrophil extracellular traps, such as myeloperoxidase-DNA complexes, predicted the number of atherosclerotic coronary vessels and the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events. CONCLUSIONS: Our report provides evidence demonstrating that markers of cell death and neutrophil extracellular trap formation are independently associated with coronary artery disease, prothrombotic state, and occurrence of adverse cardiac events. These biomarkers could potentially aid in the prediction of cardiovascular risk in patients with chest discomfort.
    Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 07/2013; 33(8):2032-2040. · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the use of a semi-automated plaque quantification algorithm (reporting volumetric and geometric plaque properties) provides additional prognostic value for the development of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) as compared with conventional reading from cardiac computed tomographic angiography (CCTA). BACKGROUND: CCTA enables the visualization of coronary plaque characteristics, of which some have been shown to predict ACS. METHODS: A total of 1,650 patients underwent 64-slice CCTA and were followed-up for ACS for a mean 26±10 months. In 25 patients who developed ACS and 101 random controls (selected from 993 patients with CAD, but without coronary event), coronary artery disease was evaluated using conventional reading (calcium score, luminal stenosis, morphology), and then independently quantified using semi-automated software (plaque volume, burden [plaque area/vessel area * 100%], area, non-calcified percentage, attenuation, remodeling). Clinical risk profile was calculated with Framingham risk score (FRS). RESULTS: There were no significant differences in conventional reading parameters between controls and patients who developed ACS. Semi-automated plaque quantification showed that compared to controls, ACS patients had higher total plaque volume (median 94 vs. 29 mm(3)) and total non-calcified volume (28 vs. 4 mm(3), p≤0.001 for both). In addition, per plaque maximal volume (median 56 vs. 24 mm(3)), non-calcified percentage (62 vs. 26%) and plaque burden (57 vs. 36%) in ACS patients were significantly higher (p<0.01 for all An receiver operating characteristic (ROC)-model predicting for ACS incorporating FRS and conventional CCTA-reading had an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.64, a second model also incorporating semi-automated plaque quantification had an AUC of 0.79, p<0.05. CONCLUSION: The semi-automated plaque quantification algorithm identified several parameters predictive for ACS and provided incremental prognostic value over clinical risk profile and conventional CT-reading. The application of this tool may improve risk stratification in patients undergoing CCTA.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 04/2013; · 14.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study sought to investigate the association between thrombin generation in plasma and the presence and severity of computed tomography angiographically defined coronary atherosclerosis in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Besides its pivotal role in thrombus formation, experimental data indicate that thrombin can induce an array of pro-atherogenic and plaque-destabilizing effects. Although thrombin plays a role in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis progression and vascular calcification, the clinical evidence remains limited. Using 64-slice coronary computed tomographic angiography, we assessed the presence and characteristics of CAD in patients (n = 295; median age 58 years) with stable chest pain. Coronary artery calcification was graded as absent (Agatston score 0), mild (Agatston score 1 to 100), moderate (Agatston score 101 to 400), and severe (Agatston score >400). Calibrated automated thrombography was used to assess endogenous thrombin potential in plasma in vitro. Thrombin-antithrombin complex (TATc) levels were measured as a marker for thrombin formation in vivo. TATc plasma levels were substantially higher in patients with CAD versus patients without CAD (p = 0.004). Significant positive correlations were observed between steadily increasing TATc levels and the severity of CAD (r = 0.225, p < 0.001). In multinomial logistic regression models, after adjusting for established risk factors, TATc levels predicted the degree of coronary artery calcification: mild (odds ratio: 1.56, p = 0.006), moderate (odds ratio: 1.56, p = 0.007), and severe (odds ratio: 1.67, p = 0.002). Trends were comparable between the groups when stratified according to the degree of coronary luminal stenosis. This study provides novel clinical evidence indicating a positive independent association between enhanced in vivo thrombin generation and the presence and severity of coronary atherosclerosis, which may suggest that thrombin plays a role in the pathophysiology of vascular calcification and atherosclerosis progression.
    JACC. Cardiovascular imaging 12/2012; 5(12):1201-10. · 14.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Idiopathic atrial fibrillation (AF) refers to a clinically lacking cardiovascular or pulmonary disease generating the pathophysiologic substrate for the arrhythmia. However, because idiopathic AF is associated with an increased event rate, it could be a harbinger of as-yet undetected underlying heart disease. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients diagnosed with idiopathic paroxysmal AF. METHODS: Of the 3243 patients who underwent cardiac computed tomographic angiography (CTA) in our center between January 2008 and March 2011, we identified a total of 115 consecutive idiopathic paroxysmal AF patients who underwent CTA before electrophysiologic ablation. Patients were compared with 275 age-, sex-, and PROCAM risk score-matched healthy controls in permanent sinus rhythm. All patients were free of hypertension, diabetes, congestive heart failure, previous known coronary artery and peripheral vascular disease, previous stroke, thyroid, pulmonary, and renal disease, and structural abnormalities on echocardiography. RESULTS: Controls more often showed a family history of CAD (38% vs 15%, P <.001), had a higher prevalence of smoking (25% vs 14%, P = .021), higher fasting blood glucose levels (5.5 ± 0.7 mmol/L vs 5.4 ± 0.6 mmol/L, P = .025), and smaller atrial diameters (37 ± 4 mm vs 40 ± 5 mm, P <.001) compared to AF patients. Notwithstanding the above, idiopathic AF patients significantly more often suffered from subclinical CAD compared to controls (49% vs 34%, P = .008). Multivariable regression analysis revealed that beside (as expected) age and gender, a history of AF and left atrial diameter were significant predictors of underlying CAD. CONCLUSION: Half of patients originally diagnosed with idiopathic paroxysmal AF show concealed underlying CAD. The detection and treatment of CAD at an early stage could improve the prognosis of these patients.
    Heart rhythm: the official journal of the Heart Rhythm Society 08/2012; · 4.56 Impact Factor
  • Heart (British Cardiac Society) 06/2012; 98(16):1257-8. · 5.01 Impact Factor
  • Ivo A Joosen, Mathijs O Versteylen, Marco Das, Bas L J H Kietselaer
    International journal of cardiology 05/2012; 158(2):299-300. · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) volume has been associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). As diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) patients have higher EAT volumes, it has been suggested that EAT may play a role in promoting CAD in these patients. The aim of this study was to examine the association between EAT and CAD in DM2, impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and control patients presenting with stable chest pain. A total of 410 stable chest pain patients underwent multidetector cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) to assess the presence of CAD. The extent of CAD was expressed as the number of affected segments. The EAT volume was measured using three-dimensional volumetric quantification. The EAT was compared using ANOVA, logistic and linear regression models were used to assess its predictive value. Multivariable regression analysis corrected for traditional risk factors was performed. Eighty-three patients had DM2, 118 IFG and there were 209 controls. DM2 as well as IFG patients had higher EAT volumes compared with controls (98 ± 41, 92 ± 39, and 75 ± 34 cm(3), respectively; P < 0.001). EAT predicted the presence (OR: 1.01; P < 0.001) and the extent of CAD (B: 0.01; P < 0.001). The associations were equal in all subgroups. However, in a multivariable regression model corrected for traditional cardiovascular risk factors, EAT was not an independent predictor for the presence or extent of CAD (OR: 1.00; P = 0.88 and B: -0.11; P = 0.68, respectively). The EAT volume is associated with CAD in DM2, IFG, and control patients. However, EAT is not an independent predictor for CAD in patients presenting with stable chest pain.
    European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging. 02/2012; 13(6):517-23.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The usual diagnostic work-up of chest pain patients includes clinical risk profiling and exercise-ECG, possibly followed by additional tests. Recently cardiac computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) has been employed. We evaluated the prognostic value of the combined use of exercise-ECG and CCTA for the development of cardiovascular endpoints. METHODS: In 283 patients (143 male, mean age 54±10years) with intermediate pre-test probability for coronary artery disease presenting with stable chest pain, exercise-ECG, CCTA and calcium score were performed. Patients were followed-up for combined endpoint of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and revascularization. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 769days (interquartile range 644-1007), 6 ACS and 9 revascularizations were recorded. A positive exercise-ECG predicted for the combined endpoint, [hazard ratio (HR) 5.14 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.64-16.13), p=0.005], as well as a positive calcium score [HR 4.59 (95% CI 1.30-16.28), p=0.02] and a ≥50% stenosis on CCTA [HR 45.82 (95% CI 6.02-348.54), p<0.001]. ROC-analysis showed an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.79 (95% CI 0.67-0.90) for exercise-ECG, which increased significantly when CCTA was added: 0.91 (95% CI; 0.86-0.97; p=0.006). Multivariable Cox regression showed exercise-ECG predicted independently [HR 3.6, (95% CI 1.1-11.2), p=0.03], as well as CCTA [HR 31.4 (95% CI 4.0-246.6), p=0.001], but not calcium score [HR 0.6 (95% CI 0.2-2.3), p=0.5]. CONCLUSIONS: The combined subsequent use of exercise-ECG for functional information and CCTA for anatomical information provides a high diagnostic yield in stable chest pain patients with an intermediate pre-test probability for coronary artery disease.
    International journal of cardiology 01/2012; · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have demonstrated the association between increased concentrations of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) and the incidence of myocardial infarction, heart failure, and mortality. However, most prognostic studies to date focus on the value of hs-cTnT in the elderly or general population. The value of hs-cTnT in symptomatic patients visiting the outpatient department remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of hs-cTnT as a biomarker in patients with symptoms of chest discomfort suspected for coronary artery disease and to assess its additional value in combination with other risk stratification tools in predicting cardiac events. We studied 1,088 patients (follow-up 2.2 ± 0.8 years) with chest discomfort who underwent coronary calcium scoring and coronary CT-angiography. Traditional cardiovascular risk factors and concentrations of hs-cTnT, N-terminal pro-brain-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were assessed. Study endpoint was the occurrence of late coronary revascularization (>90 days), acute coronary syndrome, and cardiac mortality. Hs-cTnT was a significant predictor for the composite endpoint (highest quartile [Q4]>6.7 ng/L, HR 3.55; 95%CI 1.88-6.70; P<0.001). Survival analysis showed that hs-cTnT had significant predictive value on top of current risk stratification tools (Chi-square change P<0.01). In patients with hs-cTnT in Q4 versus <Q4, a 2- to 3-fold increase in cardiovascular risk was noticed, either when corrected for high or low Framingham risk score, coronary calcium scoring, or CT-angiography assessment (HR 3.11; 2.73; 2.47; respectively; all P<0.01). This was not the case for hsCRP and NT-proBNP. Hs-cTnT is a useful prognostic biomarker in patients with chest discomfort suspected for coronary artery disease. In addition, hs-cTnT was an independent predictor for cardiac events when corrected for cardiovascular risk profiling, calcium score and CT-angiography results.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(4):e35059. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Both end-stage and milder stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are associated with an increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events. Several studies found an association between decreasing renal function and increasing coronary artery calcification, but it remains unclear if this association is independent from traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether mild to moderate CKD is independently associated with coronary plaque burden beyond traditional cardiovascular risk factors. A total of 2,038 patients with symptoms of chest discomfort suspected for coronary artery disease underwent coronary CT-angiography. We assessed traditional risk factors, coronary calcium score and coronary plaque characteristics (morphology and degree of luminal stenosis). Patients were subdivided in three groups, based on their estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) Normal renal function (eGFR ≥90 mL/min/1.73 m(2)); mild CKD (eGFR 60-89 mL/min/1.73 m(2)); and moderate CKD (eGFR 30-59 mL/min/1.73 m(2)). Coronary calcium score increased significantly with decreasing renal function (P<0.001). Coronary plaque prevalence was higher in patients with mild CKD (OR 1.83, 95%CI 1.52-2.21) and moderate CKD (OR 2.46, 95%CI 1.69-3.59), compared to patients with normal renal function (both P<0.001). Coronary plaques with >70% luminal stenosis were found significantly more often in patients with mild CKD (OR 1.67 (95%CI 1.16-2.40) and moderate CKD (OR2.36, 95%CI 1.35-4.13), compared to patients with normal renal function (both P<0.01). After adjustment for traditional cardiovascular risk factors, the association between renal function and the presence of any coronary plaque as well as the association between renal function and the presence of coronary plaques with >70% luminal stenosis becomes weaker and were no longer statistically significant. Although decreasing renal function is associated with increasing extent and severity of coronary artery disease, mild to moderately CKD is not independently associated with coronary plaque burden after adjustment for traditional cardiovascular risk factors.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(10):e47267. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Validation of methods to assess the area at risk (AAR) in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction is limited. A study was undertaken to test different AAR methods using established physiological concepts to provide a reference standard. Main outcome measured In 78 reperfused patients with first ST elevation myocardial infarction, AAR was measured by electrocardiographic (Aldrich), angiographic (Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation (BARI), APPROACH) and cardiovascular magnetic resonance methods (T2-weighted hyperintensity and delayed enhanced endocardial surface area (ESA)). The following established physiological concepts were used to evaluate the AAR METHODS: (1) AAR size is always ≥ infarct size (IS); (2) in transmural infarcts AAR size=IS; (3) correlation between AAR size and IS increases as infarct transmurality increases; and (4) myocardial salvage ((AAR-IS)/AAR×100) is inversely related to infarct transmurality. Results Overall, 65%, 87%, 76%, 87% and 97% of patients using the Aldrich, BARI, APPROACH, T2-weighted hyperintensity and ESA methods obeyed the concept that AAR size is ≥IS. In patients with transmural infarcts (n=22), Bland-Altman analysis showed poor agreement (wide 95% limits of agreement) between AAR size and IS for the BARI, Aldrich and APPROACH methods (95% CI -22.9 to 29.6, 95% CI -28.3 to 21.3 and 95% CI -16.9 to 20.0, respectively) and better agreement for T2-weighted hyperintensity and ESA (95% CI -6.9 to 16.6 and 95% CI -4.3 to 18.0, respectively). Increasing correlation between AAR size and IS with increasing infarct transmurality was observed for the APPROACH, T2-weighted hyperintensity and ESA methods, with ESA having the highest correlation (r=0.93, p<0.001). The percentage of patients within a narrow margin (±30%) of the inverse line of identity between salvage extent and infarct transmurality was 56%, 76%, 65%, 77% and 92% for the Aldrich, BARI, APPROACH, T2-weighted hyperintensity and ESA methods, respectively, where higher percentages represent better concordance with the concept that the extent of salvage should be inversely related to infarct transmurality. Conclusions For measuring AAR, cardiovascular magnetic resonance methods are better than angiographic methods, which are better than electrocardiographic methods. Overall, ESA performed best for measuring AAR in vivo.
    Heart (British Cardiac Society) 09/2011; 98(2):109-15. · 5.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiologists are often confronted with patients presenting with chest pain, in whom clinical risk profiling is required. We studied four frequently used risk scores in their ability to predict for coronary artery disease (CAD) and major adverse cardiovascular events in patients presenting with stable chest pain at the cardiology outpatient clinic. We enrolled 1,296 stable chest pain patients, who underwent cardiac computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) to assess CAD (any, significant: stenosis ≥50%). Framingham (FRS), PROCAM, SCORE risk score, and Diamond Forrester pre-test probability were calculated. All patients were followed up for a mean 19 ± 9 months for all cardiovascular events (mortality, acute coronary syndrome, revascularization >90 days after CCTA). In ROC-analysis for prediction of significant CAD, the areas under the curve for FRS; 0.68 (95% confidence interval: 0.64-0.72) and for SCORE; 0.69 (95% confidence interval: 0.65-0.72) were significantly higher than for PROCAM; 0.64 (95% confidence interval: 0.61-0.68; P ≤ .001), as well as marginally higher than for Diamond Forrester; 0.65 (95% confidence interval: 0.61-0.68; P ≤ .05). Low FRS category showed the lowest number of patients with significant CAD, compared to patients with low risk using PROCAM, SCORE or Diamond Forrester (P < .001). Also, low FRS category showed less events (compared to PROCAM and SCORE; P < .001, for Diamond Forrester; P = .14). Our data show that in a stable chest pain population, the ability of FRS and SCORE to predict for CAD was similar and better compared to PROCAM and Diamond Forrester. The number of low risk patients showing significant CAD or events was lower using FRS. Consequently, risk categorization using FRS seems to be safest to stratify stable chest pain patients prior to CCTA.
    Journal of Nuclear Cardiology 07/2011; 18(5):904-11. · 2.85 Impact Factor
  • M Versteylen, I Joosen, L Hofstra
    Heart (British Cardiac Society) 07/2010; 96(13):1049. · 5.01 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

52 Citations
105.35 Total Impact Points


  • 2011–2014
    • Maastricht Universitair Medisch Centrum
      Maestricht, Limburg, Netherlands
  • 2011–2013
    • Maastricht University
      • Cardiologie
      Maastricht, Provincie Limburg, Netherlands