[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Alterations in the sera proteins between patients with Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG), Pseudoexfoliation Glaucoma (PEXG), and healthy controls were identified through a proven approach utilizing equalization of high-abundance serum proteins with ProteoMinerTM, two-dimensional fluorescent difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE), MALDI-TOF/TOF, and nanoLC-MS-MS. Quantitative immunoassays of the 17 most-differentially-altered proteins identified in this analysis confirmed that they were also over expressed in the intact serum of newly recruited glaucoma patients. Overall, this report identifies a panel of candidates for glaucoma biomarkers and supports their further validation in large populations studies. Additionally, functional pathway analysis of these candidate proteins suggested that they are part of a network linked to regulating immune and inflammatory-related processes. The data have been deposited to the ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD000198.
POAG and PEXG are major causes of age-related blindness in the world; however, treatment can be very effective if they are identified early on in the progression. Genetic linkage studies can only explain a limited number of cases, suggesting that the forms of glaucoma are multigenic in nature. Other important factors, such as modifier genes, epigenetic influences, environmental and dietary agents, and inflammation and oxidative effects are also believed to affect the develop of these diseases. The characterization of metabolic and/or proteins changes, for example in bodily fluids, before the clinical manifestation of glaucoma is of considerable relevance for their early diagnosis. In the present work, identification of over-expressed proteins in serum of glaucoma patients (POAG and PEXG) linked to immune and inflammatory processes supports the finding that changes in these pathways also manifest systemically in patients with these pathologies. This study provides a new basis to validate the identified proteins as biomarkers of glaucoma in a large-scale-multiplexed screening in serum.
Journal of proteomics 12/2013; · 5.07 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the role of WDR36 and P53 sequence variations in POAG susceptibility.
The authors performed a case-control genetic association study in 268 unrelated Spanish patients (POAG1) and 380 control subjects matched for sex, age, and ethnicity. WDR36 sequence variations were screened by either direct DNA sequencing or denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography. P53 polymorphisms p.R72P and c.97-147ins16bp were analyzed by single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping and PCR, respectively. Positive SNP and haplotype associations were reanalyzed in a second sample of 211 patients and in combined cases (n = 479).
The authors identified almost 50 WDR36 sequence variations, of which approximately two-thirds were rare and one-third were polymorphisms. Approximately half the variants were novel. Eight patients (2.9%) carried rare mutations that were not identified in the control group (P = 0.001). Six Tag SNPs were expected to be structured in three common haplotypes. Haplotype H2 was consistently associated with the disease (P = 0.0024 in combined cases). According to a dominant model, genotypes containing allele P of the P53 p.R72P SNP slightly increased glaucoma risk. Glaucoma susceptibility associated with different WDR36 genotypes also increased significantly in combination with the P53 RP risk genotype, indicating the existence of a genetic interaction. For instance, the OR of the H2 diplotype estimated for POAG1 and combined cases rose approximately 1.6 times in the two-locus genotype H2/RP.
Rare WDR36 variants and the P53 p.R72P polymorphism behaved as moderate glaucoma risk factors in Spanish patients. The authors provide evidence for a genetic interaction between WDR36 and P53 variants in POAG susceptibility, although this finding must be confirmed in other populations.