ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Coronal alignment is considered key to the function and longevity of a TKA. However, most studies do not consider femoral and tibial anatomical features such as lateral femoral bowing and the effects of these features and subsequent alignment on function after TKA are unclear. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We therefore determined (1) the prevalence of lateral femoral bowing, varus femoral condylar orientation, and severe tibia plateau inclination in female Koreans undergoing TKA; (2) whether postoperative alignments are affected by these anatomical features and improved by the use of navigation; and (3) whether postoperative coronal alignments are associated with function. METHODS: We measured alignment in 367 knees that underwent TKA and 60 sex- and age-matched normal knees (control group). We determined patterns and degrees of femoral bowing angle, femoral condylar orientation, and tibial plateau inclination on preoperative full-limb radiographs. Postoperatively, coronal alignment of limbs and of femoral and tibial components was measured. We compared American Knee Society scores, WOMAC scores, and SF-36 scores in aligned knees and outliers (beyond ± 3° or ± 2°) at 1 year. RESULTS: The prevalence of lateral femoral bowing was 88% in the TKA group and 77% in the control group. Mean femoral condylar orientation angle was varus 2.6° in the TKA group and valgus 1.1° in the control group, and mean tibial plateau inclination was varus 8.3° in the TKA group and varus 5.4° in the control group. Femoral lateral bowing and varus femoral condylar orientation were associated with postoperative alignments. Several clinical outcome scales were inferior in the outliers in mechanical tibiofemoral angle, anatomical tibiofemoral angle, and tibial coronal alignment but not in femoral coronal alignment outliers. CONCLUSIONS: Lateral femoral bowing, varus condylar orientation, and severe varus inclination of the tibia plateau should be considered when performing TKA in Korean patients or patients with otherwise similar anatomical features.
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 09/2012; · 2.53 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: We aimed to compare the modified transtibial and anteromedial (AM) portal techniques of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with respect to femoral tunnel position and length, as well as to identify factors associated with tunnel length.
After exclusions, 105 primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions (55 in transtibial group and 50 in AM portal group) were studied. Femoral tunnel positions were assessed on postoperative tunnel-view radiographs, and tunnel lengths were measured during surgery. Differences between femoral tunnel positions in the coronal plane and lengths in these 2 groups were examined, and factors associated with tunnel lengths were investigated.
The AM portal group had a significantly more oblique femoral tunnel position than the transtibial group. However, femoral tunnels in the AM portal group were substantially shorter than tunnels in the transtibial group (34.2 v 43.3 mm, P < .001); the proportions of knees with femoral tunnels measuring less than 30 mm in the AM portal and transtibial groups were 26% and only 2%, respectively. In addition, a more oblique femoral tunnel position and a shorter distal femur mediolateral width were found to be significantly associated with a shorter femoral tunnel.
This study shows that the AM portal technique can achieve a more oblique femoral tunnel position but that resultant tunnels are substantially shorter than tunnels produced by the modified transtibial technique.
Arthroscopy The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery 09/2011; 27(10):1389-94. · 3.02 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Retrospective study.
To investigate the 10-year survival of a large number of elderly patients who underwent spine surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis, and to identify significant risk factors and compare them with age- and gender-matched controls from the general population.
There have been many studies on treatment options and surgical outcomes for lumbar spinal stenosis. However, survival outcomes after lumbar spinal stenosis surgery have not previously been studied. Because these operations are usually performed for elderly patients, we consider patient survival or life expectancy to be a significant outcome measure.
Between January 1997 and June 2006, patients underwent spine surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis. The date of death was verified using records from the National Health Insurance Corporation. Cumulative 10-year survival was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the survival of patients who had undergone spine surgery was compared to that of age- and sex-matched members of the general population. A Cox multivariate regression analysis was used in order to compare the survival rates for different covariates.
Using Kaplan-Meier curves, the overall 10-year survival was 87.8% in patients 60 to 70 years old at surgery, and 83.8% in patients 70 to 85 years old at surgery. The 10-year survival rate of female patients and patients who underwent fusion surgery were higher than those of male patients and patients with nonfusion surgery. Compared to the adjusted corresponding portion in general population, the standardized mortality ratios were 0.21, 0.53, and 0.45 in patients aged 50 to 59, 60 to 69, and 70 to 85, respectively.
Elderly patients who underwent spine surgery for spinal stenosis had reduced mortality compared to the corresponding portion of the general population. Therefore, surgery for spinal stenosis is a justifiable procedure even in elderly patients.
Spine 10/2008; 33(19):2116-21; discussion 2122-3. · 2.08 Impact Factor