[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Photoinduced fluorescence enhancement of colloidal quantum dots (QDs) is a hot topic addressed in many studies due to its great influence on the bioanalytical performance of such nanoparticles. However, understanding of this process is not a simple task, and it cannot be explained by a general mechanism as it greatly depends on the QDs' nature, solubilization strategies, surrounding environment, etc. In this vein, we have critically compared the behavior of CdSe QDs (widely used in bioanalytical applications) with different surface modifications (ligand exchange and polymer coating), in different controlled experimental conditions, in the presence-absence of the ZnS layer and in different media when exposed for long times to intense UV irradiation. Thus six different types of colloidal QDs were finally studied. This research was carried out from a novel perspective, based on the analysis of the dynamic behavior of the photoactivation process (of great interest for further applications of QDs as labels in biomedical applications). The results showed a different behavior of the studied colloidal QDs after UV irradiation in terms of their photoluminescence characteristics, potential toxicity due to metal release to the environment, nanoparticle stability and surface coating degradation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper describes the electronic design and the performance of a low-cost fiber-optic instrument for pH fluorescent measurements. The chemical sensing phase consists of an organic pH indicator (mercurochrome) immobilized in a sol-gel matrix placed at the end of a fiber optic by means of a steel grid. The active phase was excited by means of a high-intensity blue light-emitting diode. The light signal was modulated to avoid external interference. Fluorescence emission is detected by a low-cost photodiode. To avoid drifts in excitation light emission intensity, a ratiometric measurement was proposed. To perform such measurements, two fiber-optic measurement channels were used. One of them was employed to measure only the pH indicator fluorescent emission intensity. The second channel was employed to measure only the intensity of the excitation light reflected by the sensing phase. The ratio between both signals is only proportional to pH and proved to be independent of excitation light intensity. The sensor is useful over the pH range of 4-8, providing highly reliable results
IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement 08/2006; 55:1215-1221. DOI:10.1109/TIM.2006.877750 · 1.71 Impact Factor