J L Ardilouze

Université de Sherbrooke, Шербрук, Quebec, Canada

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Publications (10)30.24 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Leptin is an adipokine that acts in the central nervous system and regulates energy balance. Animal models and human observational studies have suggested that leptin surge in the perinatal period has a critical role in programming long-term risk of obesity. In utero exposure to maternal hyperglycemia has been associated with increased risk of obesity later in life. Epigenetic mechanisms are suspected to be involved in fetal programming of long term metabolic diseases. We investigated whether DNA methylation levels near LEP locus mediate the relation between maternal glycemia and neonatal leptin levels using the 2-step epigenetic Mendelian randomization approach. We used data and samples from up to 485 mother-child dyads from Gen3G, a large prospective population-based cohort. First, we built a genetic risk score to capture maternal glycemia based on 10 known glycemic genetic variants (GRS10) and showed it was an adequate instrumental variable (β = 0.046 mmol/L of maternal fasting glucose per additional risk allele; SE = 0.007; P = 7.8 × 10(-11); N = 467). A higher GRS10 was associated with lower methylation levels at cg12083122 located near LEP (β = 0.072 unit per additional risk allele; SE = 0.04; P = 0.05; N = 166). Direction and effect size of association between the instrumental variable GRS10 and methylation at cg12083122 were consistent with the negative association we observed using measured maternal glycemia. Lower DNA methylation levels at cg12083122 were associated with higher cord blood leptin levels (β = 0.17 log of cord blood leptin per unit; SE = 0.07; P = 0.01; N = 170). Our study supports that maternal glycemia is part of causal pathways influencing offspring leptin epigenetic regulation.
    Epigenetics: official journal of the DNA Methylation Society 03/2015; 10(4). DOI:10.1080/15592294.2015.1029700 · 4.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The use of a weight-based nomogram is considered as standard care for prescribing appropriate doses of unfractionated heparin (UFH). Because of the need for multiple other medications that may affect bleeding and that clinical data have relied on similar dosing algorithms, maximum initial bolus and infusion rates have been suggested (capped initial dose). Whether these weight-based heparin nomograms properly address therapeutic dosing in obese patients remains questionable. Design and methods: Thirty patients treated for acute coronary syndrome and weighing ≥110 kg were retrospectively compared with 90 controls (three groups of 30 patients, weighting 50-69.9, 70-89.9, or 90-109.9 kg), all treated with UFH, July 2008 to April 2009. The primary end point was the time required to obtain a threshold activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT). Results: Mean time to achieve threshold aPTT was longer for obese patients weighing ≥110 kg than for controls (31.47 vs. 12.89 hours; P < 0.0001). At 24 hours, 63% of obese patients weighing ≥110 kg had not reached threshold aPTT vs. 7% of controls (P < 0.0001). However, threshold infusion rate did not differ between weight categories (13.0 vs. 13.1 U/kg/h; P = NS) and approximated the initial infusion rate recommended by nomograms without applying the dose cap (12 U/kg/h). Conclusions: Adequate anticoagulation time doubled in patients weighing ≥110 kg, suggesting that these patients were not receiving appropriate heparin doses initially to achieve threshold aPTT rapidly. Using initial infusion rate recommended by a nomogram without capping for total body weight is suggested as acceptable in this study. This approach should be further evaluated in a prospective study.
    Obesity 04/2013; 21(9). DOI:10.1002/oby.20029 · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    Ardilouze JL · Mahdavian M · Baillargeon JP · Hivert MF
    British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 09/2012; 119(10):1283.
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    F O Dupont · R Gagnon · J Ménard · C Auray-Blais · J L Ardilouze
    Journal of perinatology: official journal of the California Perinatal Association 12/2011; 31(12):807; author reply 808. DOI:10.1038/jp.2011.70 · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the association between weight gain since menopause and weight regain after a weight loss program. Participants were 19 obese women who participated in a 15-week weight loss program and a 12-month follow-up. Main outcomes were: body composition, resting metabolic rate, energy intake, energy expenditure, and weight regain at follow-up. All body composition measures significantly decreased after intervention (all P ≤ 0.01) while all measures of fatness increased significantly after the 12-month follow-up (P ≤ 0.01). Body weight gain since menopause was associated with body weight regain (r = 0.65; P = 0.003) after follow-up even after adjustment for confounders. Weight gain since menopause is associated with body weight regain following the weight loss program. Therefore, weight gain since menopause should be considered as a factor influencing weight loss maintenance in older women.
    Clinical Interventions in Aging 08/2011; 6:221-5. DOI:10.2147/CIA.S23574 · 2.08 Impact Factor
  • P Perron · M. Labonte · F. Jean-Denis · G. Houde · J. Menard · J.L. Ardilouze
    Canadian Journal of Diabetes 12/2009; 33(3):310. DOI:10.1016/S1499-2671(09)33316-X · 2.00 Impact Factor
  • J Ménard · H Payette · N Dubuc · J.P. Baillargeon · P Maheux · J.L. Ardilouze
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the impact of an intensive multitherapy (IMT) on perceived quality of life (QOL), attitudes, knowledge and diabetes self-management in patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes. A 12-month randomized trial was conducted in 72 patients with type 2 diabetes, HbA1c>or=8%, blood pressure (BP)>130/80 mmHg and dyslipidemia. Subjects were assigned to the IMT or control group, each n=36. IMT consisted in monthly visits including clinical and biochemical assessment, education sessions on diet, physical exercise, medical management of diabetes and associated diseases and adjustments in medication. Control patients were under the care of their physicians. We developed and validated a diabetes-specific questionnaire assessing QOL, attitudes, knowledge, diabetes self-management and socio-demographic data for this study. Outcomes were measured at 0, 6 and 12 months. Subjects were 54.8+/-8.1 years old (duration of diabetes: 10.3+/-7.2 years). At baseline, questionnaires showed no difference in QOL between groups. At 12 months, QOL improved significantly in the IMT group when compared to controls (+13.2+/-10.3/+5.6+/-13.2%, P=0.003), particularly with respect to the satisfaction scale (+25.3+/-13.9/+5.4+/-21.7%, P<0.001). QOL was not affected by complications or hypoglycaemic episodes. QOL scores improved in IMT subjects who began insulin therapy during the trial. Attitude scores, in the high normal range at baseline, did not change. Knowledge (+18.2+/-26.3/+8.9+/-30.4%, P=0.047) and diabetes self-management (+22.6+/-35.3/+6.8+/-20.1%, P<0.001) improved. In poorly controlled subjects, QOL improved statistically despite the inherent constraints imposed by IMT.
    Diabetes & Metabolism 02/2007; 33(1):54-60. DOI:10.1016/j.diabet.2006.09.001 · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    H Corriveau · F Prince · R Hébert · M Raîche · D Tessier · P Maheux · J L Ardilouze
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to compare clinical and biomechanical characteristics of balance in diabetic polyneuropathic elderly patients and normal age-matched subjects. Fifteen elderly with distal neuropathy (DNP) and 15 healthy age-matched subjects were evaluated with the biomechanical variable COP-COM, which represents the distance between the center of pressure (COP) and the center of mass (COM). Measurements were taken in the quiet position with a double-leg stance, in eyes-open (EO) and eyes-closed (EC) conditions. Subjects were also assessed with clinical balance evaluations. The COP-COM variable was statistically significantly larger in the DNP group than in the healthy group in anterior-posterior (A/P) and medial-lateral (M/L) directions. Furthermore, the DNP group showed statistically significantly larger amplitudes of the COP-COM variable without vision. The severity of the neuropathy, as quantified using the Valk scoring system, was correlated with COP-COM amplitude in both directions. Evaluation of the postural stability of an elderly diabetic population using the COP-COM variable can detect a very small change in postural stability and could be helpful in identifying elderly with DNP at risk of falling.
    Diabetes Care 09/2000; 23(8):1187-91. DOI:10.2337/diacare.23.8.1187 · 8.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Plasma leptin has been shown to correlate positively with many indices of obesity, as well as insulin resistance. For a given body weight, the levels are higher in women than in men, but the reasons for this difference are not clear. Insulin has been shown to stimulate leptin production by adipose tissue in vivo and in vitro. Previous studies have reported that leptin levels are similar in diabetic and nondiabetic individuals. However, these studies were not performed in newly diagnosed diabetics, and other variables (such as gender) could have confounded the results. Therefore, the goal of the present cross-sectional study is to examine the effect of metabolic variables (such as glucose and insulin) on plasma leptin concentrations in men and women separately. We measured leptin levels in 48 subjects (17 with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus, 13 with impaired glucose tolerance [IGT], and 18 normal individuals). The 3 groups were well matched for gender, age, and body mass index (BMI). When adjusted for the BMI and gender, a statistically significant gender-related difference in mean plasma leptin was observed across the 3 glucose tolerance subgroups (P < .03 by analysis of covariance [ANCOVA]). More specifically, plasma leptin levels were, on average, 44% lower in women with diabetes or IGT versus normal women (P < .02). No such between-group difference was observed in the men. In univariate analysis in the same female subgroup, plasma leptin correlated positively with fasting insulin (rs = +.43, P < .06) and negatively with 2-hour post-75-g glucose load plasma glucose concentration (rs = -.54, P < .02). In a multiple regression model controlling for the BMI in the female subgroup, circulating insulin and glucose concentrations 2 hours after the 75-g glucose load were good predictors of fasting plasma leptin (r = +.38, P = .02 and r = -.70, P < .001, respectively). Leptin levels in women appear to be influenced independently and to an important degree by ambient plasma glucose and plasma insulin concentrations. These findings suggest that the synthesis of leptin by adipose tissue is more susceptible to in vivo regulation by insulin and glucose in women than in men. Plasma leptin concentrations were also lower in women with IGT or type 2 diabetes versus normal women, suggesting that fasting and/or postprandial hyperglycemia interferes with the stimulatory effect of plasma insulin on the synthesis of leptin by adipose tissue in women only.
    Metabolism 08/2000; 49(8):1055-62. DOI:10.1053/meta.2000.7745 · 3.89 Impact Factor
  • Ardilouze JL