Jian Peng

Nanfang Hospital, Shengcheng, Guangdong, China

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Publications (2)6.44 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The results of studies on the association between prehypertension (blood pressure 120 to 139/80 to 89 mm Hg) and coronary heart disease (CHD) remain controversial. Furthermore, it is unclear whether prehypertension affects the risk of CHD in Asian and Western populations differently. This meta-analysis evaluated the risk of CHD associated with prehypertension and its different subgroups. The PubMed and Embase databases were searched for prospective cohort studies with data on prehypertension and the risk of CHD. Studies were included if they reported multivariate-adjusted relative risks (RRs) with 95% CIs of CHD from prehypertension. A total of 591 664 participants from 17 prospective cohort studies were included. Prehypertension increased the risk of CHD (RR 1.43, 95% CI 1.26 to 1.63, P<0.001) compared with optimal blood pressure (<120/80 mm Hg). The risk of CHD was higher in Western than in Asian participants (Western: RR 1.70, 95% CI 1.49 to 1.94; Asian: RR 1.25, 95% CI 1.12 to 1.38; ratio of RRs 1.36, 95% CI 1.15 to 1.61). The population-attributable risk indicated that 8.4% of CHD in Asian participants was attributed to prehypertension, whereas this proportion was 24.1% in Western participants. Prehypertension, even at the low range, is associated with an increased risk of CHD. This risk is more pronounced in Western than in Asian populations. These results supported the heterogeneity of target-organ damage caused by prehypertension and hypertension among different ethnicities and underscore the importance of prevention of CHD in Western patients with prehypertension. © 2015 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley Blackwell.
    Journal of the American Heart Association 01/2015; 4(2):e001519-e001519. DOI:10.1161/JAHA.114.001519 · 4.31 Impact Factor
  • Xingfu Huang · Yanmin Yang · Jun Zhu · Dingli Xu · Jian Peng · Jinghan Liu ·
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    ABSTRACT: Guanfu base A (GFA) and Guanfu base G (GFG) are chemicals isolated from Aconitum coreanum. The potassium channel encoded by the human ether-a-go-go related gene (HERG) plays an important role in repolarization of the cardiac action potential. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of GFA and GFG on the HERG channel and its structure-function relationship. The effects of GFA and GFG were investigated in human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) cells transiently transfected with HERG complementary DNA using a whole-cell patch clamp technique. GFA and GFG inhibited HERG channel current in concentration-, voltage-, and time-dependent manners. The IC50 for GFA and GFG was 1.64 mM and 17.9 μM, respectively. Both GFA and GFG shifted the activation curve in a negative direction and accelerated channel inactivation but showed no effect on the inactivation curve. Moreover, GFG also accelerated channel recovery from inactivation. Both GFA and GFG blocked HERG channel current. This effect was stronger after GFG treatment rather than GFA treatment. This blockade was dependent on open and inactivated channel states. These results indicate that GFA could be a rather promising antiarrhythmic drug without severe side effects, whereas GFG could cause QT prolongation and requires further research.
    Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology 09/2011; 59(1):77-83. DOI:10.1097/FJC.0b013e318236e380 · 2.14 Impact Factor