Jennifer M Longpre

University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC, United States

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Publications (5)16.16 Total impact

  • Abigail F Smith, Jennifer Longpre, George Loo
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    ABSTRACT: The bile acid, deoxycholate, can induce apoptosis although the effect of trace elements on such cell death is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine if deoxycholate-induced apoptosis is influenced by zinc. HCT-116 colon epithelial cells were pre-treated with zinc and then exposed to deoxycholate. Membrane blebbing, formation of apoptotic bodies, and greater overall production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) occurred in cells exposed to deoxycholate, but zinc inhibited the occurrence of these three events caused by deoxycholate. Upon finer analysis, stimulation of mitochondrial superoxide production, mitochondrial dysfunction, and cytochrome c release were detected in cells exposed to deoxycholate, but zinc did not inhibit any of these three effects caused by deoxycholate. Additionally, caspase-3 activation, plasma membrane phospholipid translocation, and also chromatin condensation and fragmentation were observed in cells exposed to deoxycholate, but all of these effects of deoxycholate, including the greater overall ROS production, were all inhibited by zinc. Because zinc did not prevent the three mitochondrial effects caused by deoxycholate, the last set of findings suggested that zinc hampered activation of an initiator caspase upstream of effector caspase-3, in inhibiting deoxycholate-induced HCT-116 cell death. In examining this possibility, it was found that caspase-8 activation caused by deoxycholate was blocked by zinc. Collectively, the results suggest that zinc can inhibit deoxycholate-induced apoptotic cell death mediated by caspases.
    Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 02/2012; 113(2):650-7. · 3.37 Impact Factor
  • Jennifer Longpre, George Loo
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    ABSTRACT: The bile acid, deoxycholate (DOC), can induce apoptosis in cells containing adequate amounts of all key nutrients, but it is unknown whether DOC-induced apoptosis can occur in cells lacking a single key nutrient. The aim of this study was to determine if DOC is able to induce apoptosis in HCT-116 colon epithelial cells depleted of iron. The cells were made iron-deficient by pre-treating them with the iron chelator, deferoxamine (DFO), before subsequent exposure to DOC. Mitochondrial dysfunction was detected in control cells exposed to DOC, but not in iron-depleted cells exposed to DOC. Moreover, characteristic features of apoptosis, namely, membrane blebbing, formation of apoptotic bodies, cytochrome c release into cytosol, generation of the activated form of caspase-3, chromatin condensation and fragmentation, and also plasma membrane phospholipid translocation, were all induced by DOC in control cells but not in iron-depleted cells. Treating DFO-pretreated cells with ferrous sulfate to replenish cellular iron restored the ability of DOC to induce apoptosis. In relating these findings to oxidative stress, it was found that DOC also induced the formation of reactive oxygen species and caused DNA damage in control cells, but not in iron-depleted cells. Collectively, the results suggest that in order for HCT-116 cells to undergo apoptosis when exposed to DOC, adequate amounts of intracellular iron must be present.
    Apoptosis 09/2011; 17(1):70-8. · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    David W Scott, Jennifer M Longpre, George Loo
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    ABSTRACT: Butyrate inhibits the proliferation of cancer cells, but the early molecular events initiated by butyrate have not been fully identified. Herein, butyrate is shown to affect the growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible gene 153 (GADD153) in HCT-116 human colon adenocarcinoma cells. Despite absence of any detectable cellular DNA damage, the expression of GADD153 was upregulated before several features characteristic of apoptosis appeared. Butyrate-induced upregulation of GADD153 mRNA was attenuated by actinomycin D, but apparently not by cycloheximide. In investigating possible involvement of MAPK in mediating the effect of butyrate on GADD153 mRNA expression, the extracellular regulated kinase (ERK) inhibitor PD98059, but neither the JNK inhibitor SP600125 nor the p38 MAPK inhibitor SB203580, blunted the ability of butyrate to upregulate GADD153 mRNA expression. U0126, a selective inhibitor of upstream MEK, had a similar effect as PD98059 on butyrate-induced GADD153 mRNA upregulation. Collectively, these findings suggest that butyrate caused activation of the GADD153 gene at the level of transcription involving mainly the MEK/ERK branch of the MAPK signal transduction pathway. Moreover, these molecular events were not the result of any DNA damage and occurred before several features characteristic of apoptosis became evident.
    DNA and cell biology 10/2008; 27(11):607-14. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    Jennifer M Longpre, George Loo
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    ABSTRACT: The bile salt, deoxycholate (DOC), can harm cells and cause disease. Hence, there is interest in identifying compounds capable of protecting cells against DOC. In HCT-116 colon epithelial cells, DOC increased generation of reactive oxygen species and caused DNA damage and apoptosis. These effects of DOC were inhibited by rottlerin, which is a phenolic compound of plant origin. In elucidating its mechansim, rottlerin prevented the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria into cytosol, and also prevented the cleavage of caspase-3. Yet, rottlerin by itself markedly decreased mitochondrial membrane potential and increased mitochondrial superoxide production, but this did not result in cytochrome c release or in caspase-3 cleavage. At a higher test concentration, two other phenolic phytochemicals, namely, quercetin and resveratrol, were each able to largely prevent the occurrence of apoptosis in cells exposed to DOC. In contrast, epigallocatechin gallate, curcumin, and genistein were ineffective.
    Apoptosis 09/2008; 13(9):1162-71. · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    Jennifer M Longpre, George Loo
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    ABSTRACT: Diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) is often used as a molecular tool in unravelling redox-sensitive cellular events involving NADPH oxidase. However, to better understand unexpected actions of DPI, it was ascertained if DPI affects cellular DNA. DPI induced single-strand breaks in DNA of HCT-116 cells, although this only slightly increased GADD153 expression. Nevertheless, after sustaining DNA damage, the DPI-treated cells subsequently had features characteristic of apoptosis, such as translocated membrane phospholipid and nuclei containing condensed chromatin. Paradoxically, DPI attenuated the DNA damage and overall ROS production caused by sodium deoxycholate (DOC), although DPI did not inhibit DOC-induced generation of mitochondrial [image omitted] . Furthermore, DPI prevented the occurrence of apoptosis caused by DOC. However, other known chemical inhibitors of NADPH oxidase did not produce the same results as DPI in negating the effects of DOC. Collectively, these disparate findings suggest that DPI can act not in accord with conventional wisdom depending on the experimental conditions.
    Free Radical Research 07/2008; 42(6):533-43. · 3.28 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

34 Citations
16.16 Total Impact Points


  • 2008–2012
    • University of North Carolina at Greensboro
      • Department of Nutrition
      Greensboro, NC, United States