D Grubb

Lund University, Lund, Skane, Sweden

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Publications (3)6.78 Total impact

  • Forensic science international 09/2012; · 2.10 Impact Factor
  • Source
    L Lindberg, D Grubb
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    ABSTRACT: The breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) standardized to the alveolar water vapour concentration has been shown to closely predict the arterial blood alcohol (ethanol) concentration (ABAC). However, a transient increase in the ABAC/BrAC ratio has been noted, when alcohol is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract (absorption phase) and the ABAC rapidly rises. We analysed the plot of simultaneously recorded alcohol, water vapour and CO(2) against exhaled volume (volumetric expirogram) for respiratory dead space volume (VD), cumulative gas output and phase III slope within one breath to evaluate whether changes in the BrAC profile could explain this variability. Eight healthy subjects performed exhalations through pre-heated non-restrictive mouthpieces and the concentrations were measured by infrared absorption. In the absorption phase, the respiratory VD of alcohol was transiently increased and the exhaled alcohol was displaced to the latter part of the expirogram. In the post-absorption phase, the respiratory VD for alcohol and water vapour was stable and always less than the respiratory VD for CO(2), indicating that the first part of the exhaled alcohol and water originated from the conducting airway. The position of the BrAC profile between water vapour and CO(2) in the post-absorptive phase indicates an interaction within the conducting airway, probably including a deposition of alcohol onto the mucosa during exhalation. We conclude that the increase in the ABAC/BrAC ratio during the absorption phase of alcohol coincides with a transient increase in respiratory VD of alcohol and a delay in the appearance of alcohol in the exhaled air as the exhalation proceeds compared with the post-absorption phase.
    Journal of Breath Research 06/2012; 6(3):036001. · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A novel breath-alcohol analyzer based on the standardization of the breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) to the alveolar-air water vapour concentration has been developed and evaluated. The present study compares results with this particular breath analyzer with arterial blood alcohol concentrations (ABAC), the most relevant quantitative measure of brain alcohol exposure. The precision of analysis of alcohol in arterial blood and breath were determined as well as the agreement between ABAC and BrAC over time post-dosing. Twelve healthy volunteers were administered 0.6g alcohol/kg bodyweight via an orogastric tube. Duplicate breath and arterial blood samples were obtained simultaneously during the absorption, distribution and elimination phases of the alcohol metabolism with particular emphasis on the absorption phase. The precision of the breath analyzer was similar to the determination of blood alcohol concentration by headspace gas chromatography (CV 2.40 vs. 2.38%, p=0.43). The ABAC/BrAC ratio stabilized 30min post-dosing (2089±99; mean±SD). Before this the BrAC tended to underestimate the coexisting ABAC. In conclusion, breath alcohol analysis utilizing standardization of alcohol to water vapour was as precise as blood alcohol analysis, the present "gold standard" method. The BrAC reliably predicted the coexisting ABAC from 30min onwards after the intake of alcohol.
    Forensic science international 09/2011; 216(1-3):88-91. · 2.10 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1 Citation
6.78 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011–2012
    • Lund University
      • • Faculty of Medicine
      • • Department of Clinical Sciences
      Lund, Skane, Sweden