Claudio Penna

Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto, Río Cuarto, Córdoba, Argentina

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Publications (7)9.46 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT: The authors regret that an error appears in Penna et al. (2011). The fourth sentence in the section Formulation and evaluation of the selective medium "This compound was initially solubilized in 98% ethanol, sterilized using 0.2 mum filters, added to 45degreesC YEM medium, and homogenized to obtain a final concentration of 0,2 g.l-1 of PCNB into the P-YEM medium. Must be replaced by the following "A solution of 10% PCNB in acetone, was diluted 1/5 in Tween 80 0,5%v/v in water, sterilized using 0.2 mum filters, added to 45degreesC YEM medium, and homogenized to obtain a final concentration of 0,04 g.l-1 of PCNB into the P-YEM medium".
    AMB Express. 09/2011; 1:25.
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    ABSTRACT: Soybean seeds are non-sterile and their bacterial population interferes with the enumeration of beneficial bacteria, making it difficult to assess survival under different conditions. Within this context, the principal aims of this work were: (1) to improve a selective media for the enumeration of B. japonicum recovered from inoculated soybean seeds; (2) to establish the most representative mathematical function for B. japonicum mortality on soybean seeds after inoculation; (3) to evaluate if environmental or physiological conditions modify B. japonicum mortality on soybean seeds; and (4) to create a new protocol for quality control of soybean inoculants. We successfully evaluated the combination of pentachloronitrobenzene and vancomycin added to the yeast-mannitol medium to inhibit most fungi and Gram-positive soybean microbiota, thus producing reliable counts of B. japonicum from inoculated soybean seeds. Percentages of recovery and survival factors were obtained and used to construct a two-phase exponential decay non-linear regression function. High temperature and desiccation decreased these parameters, while the optimization of temperature and the use of osmoprotective compounds with inoculants increased them. The use of this protocol minimized heterogeneity between experiments and may be considered more reliable than the simple expression of direct colony count of bacteria recovered from seeds.
    AMB Express. 01/2011; 1(1):21.
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    1 01/2010; Asociación Argentina de Microbiología., ISBN: 978-987-98475-9-6
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    ABSTRACT: Inoculants are biological formulations that combine a stable microorganism population and various types of compounds produced and released during fermentation, such as phytohormones and plant growth regulators. Azospirillum brasilense strain Az39 and Brayrhizobium japonicum strain E109 were previously shown to produce indole 3-acetic acid (IAA), gibberellic acid (GA3) and zeatin (Z). We tested the hypothesis that such compounds are responsible for early growth promotion in inoculated corn (Zea mays L.) and soybean (Glycine max L.) seedlings. Seeds were inoculated with Az39, E109, or both, and kept in a chamber at 20–30 _C under a controlled photoperiod to evaluate seed germination. To evaluate root and shoot length and dry weight, and number of nodules and percentage of nodulated seedlings, in soybean, seedlings were kept in a growth chamber for 14 days under similar photoperiod and temperature conditions. Az39 and E109, singly or in combination, showed the capacity to promote seed germination, nodule formation, and early development of corn and soybean seedlings. Both strains were able to excrete IAA, GA3 and Z into the culture medium, at a concentration sufficient to produce morphological and physiological changes in young seed tissues.
    European Journal of Soil Biology. 01/2009; 45:28.
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    ABSTRACT: Inoculants are biological formulations that combine a stable microorganism population and various types of compounds produced and released during fermentation, such as phytohormones and plant growth regulators. Azospirillum brasilense strain Az39 and Brayrhizobium japonicum strain E109 were previously shown to produce indole 3-acetic acid (IAA), gibberellic acid (GA3) and zeatin (Z). We tested the hypothesis that such compounds are responsible for early growth promotion in inoculated corn (Zea mays L.) and soybean (Glycine max L.) seedlings. Seeds were inoculated with Az39, E109, or both, and kept in a chamber at 20–30 °C under a controlled photoperiod to evaluate seed germination. To evaluate root and shoot length and dry weight, and number of nodules and percentage of nodulated seedlings, in soybean, seedlings were kept in a growth chamber for 14 days under similar photoperiod and temperature conditions. Az39 and E109, singly or in combination, showed the capacity to promote seed germination, nodule formation, and early development of corn and soybean seedlings. Both strains were able to excrete IAA, GA3 and Z into the culture medium, at a concentration sufficient to produce morphological and physiological changes in young seed tissues.
    European Journal of Soil Biology 01/2009; · 1.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated phytohormone and polyamine biosynthesis, siderophore production, and phosphate solubilization in two strains (Cd and Az39) of Azospirillum brasilense used for inoculant formulation in Argentina during the last 20 years. Siderophore production and phosphate solubilization were evaluated in a chemically defined medium, with negative results. Indole 3-acetic acid (IAA), gibberellic acid (GA(3)), and abscisic acid (ABA) production were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Ethylene, polyamine, and zeatin (Z) biosynthesis were determined by gas chromatography-flame ionization detector and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC-fluorescence and -UV), respectively. Phytohormones IAA, Z, GA(3), ABA, ethylene, and growth regulators putrescine, spermine, spermidine, and cadaverine (CAD) were found in culture supernatant of both strains. IAA, Z, and GA(3) were found in all two strains; however, their levels were significantly higher (p < 0.01) in Cd (10.8, 2.32, 0.66 microg ml(-1)). ABA biosynthesis was significantly higher (p < 0.01) in Az39 (0.077 microg ml(-1)). Ethylene and polyamine CAD were found in all two strains, with highest production in Cd cultured in NFb plus L-methionine (3.94 ng ml(-1) h(-1)) and Az39 cultured in NFb plus L-lysine (36.55 ng ml(-1) h(-1)). This is the first report on the evaluation of important bioactive molecules in strains of A. brasilense as potentially capable of direct plant growth promotion or agronomic yield increase. Az39 and Cd showed differential capability to produce the five major phytohormones and CAD in chemically defined medium. This fact has important technological implications for inoculant formulation as different concentrations of growth regulators are produced by different strains or culture conditions.
    Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 07/2007; 75(5):1143-50. · 3.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this work was to evaluate phytohormone biosynthesis, siderophores production, and phosphate solubilization in three strains (E109, USDA110, and SEMIA5080) of Bradyrhizobium japonicum, most commonly used for inoculation of soybean and nonlegumes in USA, Canada, and South America. Siderophore production and phosphate solubilization were evaluated in selective culture conditions, which had negative results. Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), gibberellic acid (GA(3)), and abscisic acid (ABA) production were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Ethylene and zeatin biosynthesis were determined by GS-flame ionization detection and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC-UV), respectively. IAA, zeatin, and GA(3) were found in all three strains; however, their levels were significantly higher (p < 0.01) in SEMIA5080 (3.8 microg ml(-1)), USDA110 (2.5 microg ml(-1)), and E109 (0.87 microg ml(-1)), respectively. ABA biosynthesis was detected only in USDA110 (0.019 microg ml(-1)). Ethylene was found in all three strains, with highest production rate (18.1 ng ml(-1) h(-1)) in E109 cultured in yeast extract mannitol medium plus L-methionine. This is the first report of IAA, GA(3), zeatin, ethylene, and ABA production by B. japonicum in pure cultures, using quantitative physicochemical methodology. The three strains have differential capability to produce the five major phytohormones and this fact may have an important technological implication for inoculant formulation.
    Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 03/2007; 74(4):874-80. · 3.81 Impact Factor