ABSTRACT: Recessive resistance to lettuce mosaic virus (LMV) is conferred in lettuce by the mo1 gene, encoding the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E). The C terminus of the viral cylindrical inclusion helicase (CI-Cter), together with the VPg, is involved directly in overcoming mo1 resistance. In this study, recombinant LMV VPg and CI-Cter proteins from wild-type or resistance-breaking isolates were expressed and purified from Escherichia coli. The allelic forms of eIF4E from susceptible or resistant lettuce cultivars were produced similarly and these proteins were used in ELISA-based assays to demonstrate the in vitro binding of the various forms of LMV CI-Cter to both lettuce eIF4E and LMV VPg proteins. All combinations tested displayed significant and specific interactions, and the interaction between the C-terminal part of the LMV CI and eIF4E was confirmed in vivo in bimolecular fluorescence complementation assays. Higher interaction signals for both CI-eIF4E and CI-VPg were observed for LMV-E, indicating that the eIF4E interaction network involving CI and VPg appears to be stronger in the case of this resistance-breaking isolate. This could suggest the need for a minimal interaction threshold for infection success in resistant lettuce, but more precise measurement of the interaction parameters linking eIF4E, VPg and CI is needed in order to reinforce such a hypothesis.
Journal of General Virology 09/2011; 93(Pt 1):184-93. · 3.36 Impact Factor