Yahong Wang

Tianjin Medical University, T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China

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Publications (7)16.42 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Knowledge is limited about the relationship between chemotherapy and prognosis among the subtypes of axillary node-negative breast cancer (ANNBC). In this study, a population including 2,236 primary and operable ANNBC patients, with a median age of 53, were included. All breast tumors were classified into five immunohistochemically defined subtypes-luminal A, luminal B, luminal human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), HER2 overexpression, and triple negative. With a median follow-up of 73.6 months, the rate of relapse was lowest in luminal A (6.5 %) and highest in HER2 overexpression subtype (16.4 %). Multivariate analysis indicated that the risks of relapse and death were enhanced in HER2 overexpression and triple-negative (TN) subtypes, and these two subtypes were independent predictors of relapse and death. Luminal A patients with risk factors could benefit from chemotherapy in terms of relapse-free survival (RFS). The relapse rate of TN patients after chemotherapy with taxanes was lower compared with that after chemotherapy without taxanes. In conclusion, women with ANNBC were at higher risks of relapse and death if suffering from HER2 overexpression or TN diseases. Chemotherapy could reduce the recurrence rate of luminal A patients with risk factors. TN patients may benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy containing taxanes.
    Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine. 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: It is generally known that the decision to use anti-estrogen therapy is based on the expression of estrogen and progesterone receptors in breast cancers. Recent studies have shown that androgen receptor (AR) is frequently expressed in ER-, PR- breast cancer and plays an important role in the prognosis of breast cancer patients. Furthermore, AR can increase the global expression of microRNAs, post-transcriptional gene regulators that play a crucial role in the initiation and progression of breast cancer. In this study, we investigated the functions and relations of AR, related miRNAs and target proteins in ER-, PR-, AR+ breast cancer. The results showed that androgen-induced AR activating signal directly upregulates let-7a expression, downregulates CMYC and KRAS protein expression, and inhibits cell proliferation in ER-, PR-, AR+ breast cancer cells. Overexpression of let-7a inhibits cell proliferation and downregulates CMYC and KRAS protein expression, whereas inhibition of let-7a expression by specific antisense oligonucleo-tides increases cell growth and upregulates CMYC and KRAS protein expression. We performed in situ hybridization for let-7a and immunohistochemical staining for CMYC and KRAS using sequential sections obtained from surgically-resected breast cancer tissues and observed an inverse correlation between the staining pattern of let-7a and its target proteins. Androgen-induced AR activating signal upregulates let-7a that targets CMYC and KRAS and contributes to ER-, PR-, AR+ breast cancer pathogenesis. Elucidation of this pathway will help develop new therapies.
    International Journal of Oncology 10/2013; · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is heterogeneous and considered as an aggressive tumor. This study was to evaluate the associated classification and its correlations with prognosis and the response to chemotherapy in Chinese women. Four hundred and twenty-eight cases of invasive TNBC were involved in this study. The expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and cytokeratin 5/6 (CK5/6), Ki67 and p53 were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and compared with patient outcome, and its implications and chemotherapy response were evaluated in four subgroups: typical medullary carcinoma (TMC), atypical medullary carcinoma (AMC), non-specific invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) and other types. The factors of tumor grade, tumor stage, lymph node status, EGFR/CK5/6 status and p53 labeling index were different among the groups. TMC tumors had the lowest rate of relapse (5.8%), while AMC, IDC and other types were associated with an increased risk of relapse (19.1%, 26.7% and 38.2% respectively). Many factors were risk predictors of relapse for TNBC and IDC, while only positive lymph node was for AMC. For MC tumors, adjunctive chemotherapy decreased the risk of relapse in lymph node positive subgroup (36.8% and 66.7%), while not significant in lymph node negative one (8.1% and 10.0%). The classification based on histologic and IHC findings may be a significant improvement in predicting outcome in TNBC. The different chemotherapy response in subgroups may contribute to guiding the treatment of TNBC.
    International journal of clinical and experimental pathology 01/2013; 6(7):1380-91. · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Invasive cribriform carcinoma (ICC) and low-grade invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) were recently considered to belong to a low-grade breast neoplasia family. However, none of publications has compared ICC and low-grade IDC at present. Meanwhile, in order to evaluate prognostic significance of clinicopathological characteristics of different cribriform contents in ICC and invasive breast cancer with less cribriform structures, a retrospective review of fifty-one cases of ICC and forty cases of invasive breast cancer with less cribriform pattern (less than fifty percent) was conducted in a Chinese population. Forty-nine cases of low-grade IDC without cribriform elements were selected as a control. ICC presented more favorable prognostic factors than those of invasive breast carcinoma with less cribriform pattern and low-grade IDC, such as smaller tumor size, less frequent axillary lymph node involvement, higher positive rate of estrogen receptor and/or progestogen receptor expression, and lower proliferation index. The expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor two in ICC and invasive breast cancer with less cribriform pattern was mostly negative. Pure ICC showed less frequency of axillary lymph node involvement, but not its number. The proliferation index in the pure type was lower, although the tumor size in these two types was not obviously different. Tumors contained cribriform structures had a more favorable prognosis than those with low-grade IDC. Considering the tumor biology, and the benign course of pure ICC studied, chemotherapy may not be indicated in the typical case.
    International journal of clinical and experimental pathology 01/2013; 6(3):445-57. · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The serine⁄threonine kinase Nek2 has been proposed as a requirement for the progression of breast cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of Nek2C, which is a splice variant of Nek2, and the role it plays in the different stages of breast cancer. We investigated the role of Nek2C in the MCF10 breast cancer cell lines, MCF10A, MCF10AT, MCF10DCIS.com and MCF10CA1a, using RNA interference and plasmid transfection, as well as breast tissue samples of normal breast tissue (NBT), atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC). We detected the mRNA Nek2C expression levels in the MCF10 cell lines and in human breast samples. Our results revealed that the mRNA expression of Nek2C was significantly upregulated in the MCF10DCIS.com and MCF10CA1a cell lines as well as in human primary breast cancer tissue (DCIS and IDC). As expected, the Nek2C downregulation, using RNA interference, decreased the survival, invasion and migration of MCF10DCIS.com and MCF10CA1a cells. Consistent with these results, the Nek2C upregulation in MCF10A and MCF10AT cells using plasmid transfection increased the survival ability of these cells. Our results also revealed a correl-ation between Nek2C mRNA expression levels and tumor grade. Taken together, our findings suggest that Nek2C plays a signicficant role in breast cancer development and that Nek2C inhibition may be a useful therapeutic approach to targeting human breast tumors.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 07/2012; · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: NIMA-related kinase 2 (Nek2) and β-catenin are important centrosome regulatory factors. The aim of this study was to detect the possible disparity in their expression among normal breast tissue, invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), concomitant ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), and pure DCIS, and to explore its correlation with clinicopathological factors. We used immunohistochemistry to detect protein expression of Nek2 and β-catenin in breast cancer tissues from 60 cases of pure DCIS, 348 cases of IDC and 137 cases of concomitant DCIS with that in normal breast tissues from the same 137 concomitant DCIS patients as controls. As compared with normal tissue, expression of Nek2 and β-catenin in the cytoplasm was significantly increased in IDC and DCIS (P < 0.05), and variation in expression was also observed in different grades of IDC (P < 0.01). Also, cytoplasmic expression of Nek2 and and of β-catenin were correlated with each other in IDC and DCIS (P < 0.01). In addition, they were both related to Ki67 immunoreactivity (P < 0.05). Furthermore, our study also revealed a correlation between their expression and some clinicopathological factors. We found that Nek2 cytoplasmic expression was associated with grade and tumour size (P < 0.01) in IDC, whereas β-catenin cytomembrane expression showed significant variation with grades, TNM stages, lymphoid node status, oestrogen receptor status, and molecular subtype (P < 0.05); a difference in expression was also observed between IDC and DCIS (P < 0.05). Also, β-catenin cytoplasmic expression was associated with TNM stage (P < 0.05). Expression of Nek2 at the mRNA level was detected in 50 pairs of breast cancer specimens and matched normal tissues by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, and the result showed increased expression in IDC. This study suggests that abnormal expression of Nek2 and β-catenin might be one of the mechanisms of tumorigenesis, especially of abnormal tumour proliferation. They may represent new potential targets for therapeutic intervention.
    Histopathology 10/2011; 59(4):631-42. · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Immunohistochemical markers are often used to classify breast cancer into subtypes that are biologically distinct and behave differently. The aim of this study was to estimate relapse for patients with the major subtypes of breast cancer as classified using immunohistochemical assay and to investigate the patterns of benefit from the therapies over the past years. The study population included primary, operable 2,118 breast cancer patients, all non-specific infiltrative ductal carcinoma, with the median age of 53.2 years. All patients underwent local and/or systemic treatments. The clinicopathological characteristics and clinical outcomes were retrospectively reviewed. The expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and cytokeratin 5/6 were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. All patients were classified into the following categories: luminal A, luminal B, HER2 overexpressing, basal-like, and unclassified subtypes. Ki-67 was detected in luminal A subtype. The median follow-up time was 67.9 months. Luminal A tumors had the lowest rate of relapse (12.7%, P < 0.001), while luminal B, HER2 overexpression, and basal-like subtypes were associated with an increased risk of relapse (15.7, 19.1, 20.9%). Molecular subtypes retained independent prognostic significance (P < 0.001). In luminal A subtype, adjunctive radiotherapy could decrease the risk of relapse (P = 0.005), Ki67 positive was a high-risk factor for relapse (P < 0.001), and adjuvant chemotherapies could reduce the relapse for the patients with risk factors (P < 0.001). Adjuvant hormone therapy was an effective treatment for ER-positive tumors (P < 0.001). Molecular subtypes of breast cancer could robustly identify the risk of recurrence and were significant in therapeutic decision making. The model combined subtype and clinical pathology was a significant improvement. Luminal A tumors might represent two distinct subsets which demonstrated distinct prognosis and therapy response.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 08/2011; 130(2):489-98. · 4.47 Impact Factor