Valentina di Tizio

Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, The Marches, Italy

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Publications (4)10.09 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background and Aims Primary aldosteronism (PA), the most frequent form of secondary hypertension, is characterized by a higher rate of cardiovascular (CV) events than essential hypertension (EH). Aim of the study was to evaluate the cardiovascular risk according to the ESH/ESC 2007 guidelines, in patients with PA and with EH, at diagnosis and after treatment. Methods and Results We prospectively studied 102 PA patients (40 with aldosterone producing adenoma-APA and 62 with idiopathic hyperaldosteronism-IHA) and 132 essential hypertensives at basal and after surgical or medical treatment (mean follow-up period 44 months for PA and 42 months for EH). At baseline evaluation the stratification of CV risk was significantly different: the predominant risk category was the high CV risk (50% in total PA, 53% in PA matched for blood pressure values and 55% in EH), but the very high risk category was twice in PA than in EH patients (36% in total PA and 33% in matched PA vs. 17% in EH, p<0.05). The worse risk profile of PA was due to a higher prevalence of glycemic alterations, metabolic syndrome and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) (p<0.05). After adequate treatment, the CV risk was significantly reduced becoming comparable in PA and in EH patient due to a reduction of hypertension grading, prevalence of metabolic syndrome, hypertension persistence and LVH (p<0.05). Conclusion Patients with PA present a high CV risk, which is in part reversible after specific treatment, due both to the reduced blood pressure values and to the improvement of end-organ damage.
    Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases: NMCD 01/2013; · 3.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several lines of evidence suggest a detrimental effect of aldosterone excess on the development of metabolic alterations. Glucose metabolism derangements due to aldosterone action are frequently observed not only in patients with primary aldosteronism but also in patients with obesity. A contribution to the hyperaldosteronism observed in obese subjects can be attributed, at least in part, to the action of still unidentified adipocyte-derived factor. Aldosterone, through genomic and non-genomic actions contributes to induce several abnormalities: pancreatic fibrosis, impaired beta cell function, as well as reduced skeletal muscle and adipose tissue insulin sensitivity. Oxidative stress, systemic inflammation, together with these metabolic alterations may explain the appearance of the cardiometabolic syndrome and the progression of cardiovascular and renal diseases, in the presence of inappropriate aldosterone levels. The biological actions of aldosterone are mediated by mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), although MR can be activated through an aldosterone independent fashion. Besides salt-water homeostasis, MR activation promotes inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, cardiovascular remodelling and affects adipose tissue differentiation and function. Clinical and experimental studies have shown that MR blockade is able to suppress inflammation, to improve endothelium- dependent vasorelaxation, but most interestingly, to improve pancreatic insulin release as well as insulin-mediated glucose utilization. These actions indicate MR antagonists as a useful therapeutic tool able not only to reduce cardiovascular risk and renal damage, but also to improve metabolic sequaelae.
    Current Vascular Pharmacology 03/2012; 10(2):238-46. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A positive correlation between thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and blood pressure (BP) has been identified in normotensives and in patients with essential hypertension (EH). This study was designed to evaluate, in primary aldosteronism (PA) and in EH, potential association of BP, TSH, and ultrasonographic changes of the thyroid. We studied 188 patients: 92 with PA and 96 matched essential hypertensives. Clinical and ambulatory BP (ABP), and thyroid function were evaluated in all patients. In PA and in a subgroup of EH patients (n = 65) thyroid ultrasonography was performed. In PA patients, diastolic office and diastolic ABP increased across TSH quartiles and multivariate analysis confirmed a positive significant correlation between TSH and diastolic BP, independently of aldosterone levels, body mass index (BMI), duration of hypertension, and age. In EH patients, we found a significant linear increase in systolic and diastolic ABP with increasing TSH. The prevalence of thyroid dysfunctions was similar in PA and EH (15% and 19%, respectively). In PA patients, we found a higher prevalence of ultrasonographic alterations than in EH (66% vs. 46%, P < 0.05). PA patients presenting morphological abnormalities had higher homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance levels than patients with normal gland at ultrasonography (4.2 ± 1.8 vs. 3.1 ± 0.8 P < 0.05). We found a positive correlation between TSH and BP both in PA and EH patients. Moreover, in PA patients we observed a high prevalence of thyroid morphological alterations.
    American Journal of Hypertension 08/2011; 24(12):1274-9. · 3.67 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Hypertension - J HYPERTENSION. 01/2010; 28.