[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pneumonitis is a rare complication of bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) immunotherapy seen in patients with urothelial cancer following the repeated administration of BCG. However, no case of BCG-induced pleurisy has been reported.
We here report the first case of pneumonitis with lymphocytic pleurisy following bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) immunotherapy. Although marked T helper cell alveolitis was found by bronchoalveolar lavage and transbronchial biopsies, no acid-fast bacillus could be identified in recovered BALF or pleural effusion. The lymphocyte stimulation test of BCG was strongly positive. However, levels of serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid KL-6, a useful marker for hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP), were within normal ranges.
We speculate that the pathogenesis of our case may be a hypersensitive reaction to the proteic component of BCG entering the lung and pleural space, which is different from the etiology of the common type of HP.
BMC Pulmonary Medicine 03/2014; 14(1):35. · 2.76 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of primary tuberculous pleurisy is a delayed-type hypersensitivity immunogenic reaction to a few mycobacterial antigens entering the pleural space rather than direct tissue destruction by mycobacterial proliferation. Although it has been shown that pulmonary tuberculosis induces 18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in active lesions, little is known about the application of FDG positron emission/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) to the management of primary tuberculous pleurisy. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of asymptomatic primary tuberculous pleurisy presenting with diffuse nodular pleural thickening without distinct pleural effusion and parenchymal lung lesions mimicking malignant mesothelioma. An initial FDG PET/CT scan demonstrated multiple lesions of intense FDG uptake in the right pleura and thoracoscopic biopsy of pleural tissue revealed caseous granulomatous inflammation. The patient received antituberculous therapy for 6 months, with clearly decreased positive signals on a repeated FDG PET/CT scan. CONCLUSION: FDG PET/CT imaging may be useful for evaluating disease activity in tuberculous pleurisy patients with an unknown time of onset.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is a potentially fatal complication of lung cancer resection surgery that occurs during the healing process of the bronchial stump. However, the vulnerability of the healed surgical wound to overlapping acquired airway destruction has not yet been determined in detail. We herein present a case of fatal BPF following Mycobacterium abscessus (M. abscessus) infection, which occurred 11 years after right upper lobectomy for lung cancer. The findings of the present study suggest that patients with M. abscessus pulmonary disease in which airway destruction is progressing towards the bronchial stump of previous lobectomy should be considered for early completion pneumonectomy to prevent fatal BPF.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: As operations for lung cancer become more common, more anomalies of various pulmonary arteries and veins are being encountered. Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is caused by abnormal development of the sinus venosus in early fetal life. In cases of PLSVC with left lung cancer, particular care must be exercised during the excision of the pulmonary vein, focusing on the region into which the PLSVC flows. In such anomalous cases, proper excision of the pulmonary artery and vein and lymph node dissection require a firm grasp of anatomic detail using preoperative computed tomographic scanning.
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 10/2012; 94(4):1326–1328.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Complete situs inversus is a rare abnormality of autosomal recessive inheritance; it requires particular care during surgery, because the viscus anatomy is a mirror image of the normal anatomy. Reports of surgery for lung cancer in cases of complete situs inversus are very rare. Here, we report a case of lobectomy for lung cancer of the right lower lobe performed using video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) in a patient with complete situs inversus. We emphasize the importance of careful examination of the relationship between the bronchus, pulmonary artery, and pulmonary vein in the hilum of the lung in cases of complete situs inversus requiring lung resection for cancer; this is even more necessary when VATS is performed.
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 05/2012;
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Extragonadal germ cell tumors are relatively rare tumors, which usually occur in the mediastinum or retroperitoneum. In this report, we present a case of primary seminoma arising in the pelvic cavity. A 58-year-old man with urinary retention and abdominal distension was admitted to our hospital. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a large mass in the pelvic cavity. Histological examination of the specimens obtained by open biopsy revealed seminomatous malignant cells. Immunohistochemical studies detected vimentin, placental alkaline phosphatase and c-kit. Taking these results together with the patient's other clinical manifestations, this case was diagnosed as extragonadal seminoma without c-kit-activating mutations, and chemotherapy followed by radiation therapy was successful. Primary seminoma in the pelvic cavity is extremely rare, but should be considered a cause of pelvic mass formation.
Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 05/2012; 42(7):650-3. · 1.90 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The incidence of fibrous dysplasia (FD) is not frequent in the case of benign bone tumors of the chest wall, and differential diagnosis between FD and the malignancy on the basis of imaging findings is difficult. We report a case of a painful FD lesion (size, 9×8 cm) that originated from the 5th rib of a 52-year-old man and was surgically resected. His symptoms improved after the operation. Painful and large FD lesions should be resected because of a difficulty in differential diagnosis from malignant tumors.
Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery 05/2012; 65(5):423-6.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 47-year-old woman was transported to our hospital because of vomiting and syncope after breakfast. Physical examination revealed icterus and anemia of bulbar conjunctivas, and abnormal neurological findings were detected. Laboratory data indicated marked anemia and thrombocytopenia (Hb 5.2 g/dl, Plt. 0.6×10(4)/μl), but no leukocyte abnormalities were found. Transaminase was slightly elevated, and serum indirect bilirubin in was also elevated. Based on these data, we initially suspected Evan's syndrome, which involves idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura with autoimmune hemolytic anemia. So we transfused red blood cells, performed platelet transfusion, and administered steroids, but there was no response to these therapies. On the 4th day of admission, she developed a stroke followed by coma. After the stroke, we diagnosed the case as thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) because laboratory findings showed diminished activity of ADAMTS 13 (a disintegrin-like metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motifs 13) and ADAMTS 13 antigen. It is important to suspect TTP when hemolytic anemia with thrombocytopenia is observed, and to check the activity and antigen of ADAMTS13 immediately for the diagnosis. Platelet transfusion should be done cautiously in these cases.
[Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology 01/2012; 53(1):105-9.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An 83-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with abdominal pain. Examination revealed mediastinal lymphoadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, and infiltration of abnormal cells into the bone marrow with hemophagocytosis, and CD5-positive diffuse large B cell lymphoma was diagnosed. Chemotherapy was administered and progressive weakness of the limbs, resembling a Guillain-Barré-like syndrome, subsequently appeared. Cerebrospinal fluid examination indicated lymphoma cell infiltration. Although immune globulin and steroid therapies were not effective, intrathecal injection of methotrexate, predonisolone, and cytarabine improved these symptoms. Subsequent to chemotherapy, cell surface antigen changes were observed in the cerebrospinal fluid relative to those in bone marrow. [J Clin Exp Hematopathol 52(3) : 199-204, 2012].
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hematopathology 01/2012; 52(3):199-204.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 65-year-old woman whose rheumatoid arthritis was treated with tocilizumab (TCZ) was found in chest radiography to have a new consolidation in the right lower lung field. Positive Mycobacterium intracellulare and Mycobacterium avium cultures in sputum and bronchial secretions yielded a diagnosis of pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteriosis. The most common adverse TCZ effect is infection. This case highlights the fact that those treated with TCZ should be considered at elevated risk for developing nontuberculous mycobacteriosis.
Kansenshogaku zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases 09/2011; 85(5):523-6.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We encountered 2 cases of drug-induced intrathoracic lesions caused by allergic reactions to mesalazine in patients with ulcerative colitis. Case 1: A 26-year-old man had a fever, cough and exertional dyspnea after 1 month of mesalazine treatment. He was hospitalized because of bilateral pulmonary infiltrates on a chest X-ray film. Case 2: A 27-year-old woman complained of fever and left back pain that exacerbated after 2 weeks of mesalazine treatment. She was hospitalized because of bilateral pulmonary effusions on chest CT. Both patients showed a positive reaction to a drug lymphocyte stimulation tests (DLST) for mesalazine. The first case was given a diagnosis of eosinophilic pneumonia by bronchoscopic examination, and responded to steroid therapy after discontinuation of mesalazine. The second case was given a diagnosis of pleuritis and improved on cessation of Mesalazine treatment.
Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society. 07/2011; 49(7):538-42.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: S-1 is an oral anticancer fluoropyrimidine agent designed to elevate anticancer activity with a decrease in gastrointestinal toxicity. We conducted a phase II study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of combination chemotherapy with S-1 plus cisplatin in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Chemotherapy-naïve patients were treated with S-1 administered orally at 40 mg/m(2) twice a day for 21 consecutive days, and cisplatin (60 mg/m(2)) infused intravenously on day 8, repeated every 5 weeks. Of the 44 patients enrolled in the study, 40 were assessable for efficacy and safety. The median number of cycles administered was 3 (range 1-9 cycles). Among the 40 assessable patients, 7 partial responses were observed, with an overall response rate (RR) of 17.5% [95% confidence interval (CI), 5.2-29.8]. Patients with squamous cell carcinoma showed a significantly higher RR (55.5%) than those with adenocarcinoma (9.1%) or other types of NSCLC (0%). The median progression-free survival was 4.3 months (95% CI, 3.4-4.9), the median survival time was 17.9 months (95% CI, 15.0-20.8), and the 1- and 2-year survival rates were 63.3 and 27.3%, respectively. Major grade 3-4 hematologic toxicities were leukocytopenia (7.5%), neutropenia (5.0%), anemia (15.0%) and thrombocytopenia (2.5%). No grade 4 non-hematologic toxicity or treatment-related death occurred. These results suggest that combination chemotherapy with S-1 plus cisplatin is a promising therapeutic candidate for patients with advanced NSCLC, particularly squamous cell carcinoma.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We describe a patient with acute myeloid leukemia with myelodysplasia-related changes (AML-MRC) that clinically resembled acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). The karyotype of his leukemic cells was 46, XY, del (3) (q?) and did not include a chromosomal translocation involving the retinoic acid receptor-α gene. However, retinoic acid syndrome developed, and partial remission was achieved after treatment with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) followed by chemotherapy. Our case might provide new insights into the mechanism of the growth inhibitory effect of ATRA on APL-like cells.
Internal Medicine 01/2011; 50(24):3037-41. · 0.97 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We here report a rare case of a patient with IgD-lambda-positive multiple myeloma presenting with FDG-PET/CT negative bone marrow involvement. A 72-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for evaluation of a paravertebral tumor of the chest. Thoracotomy was performed and a histopathological evaluation of resected intrathoracic tumor demonstrated a plasmacytic neoplasma. Initially we thought that this case was a solitary plasmacytoma because there were no positive findings on postoperative FDG-PET/CT. However, bone marrow aspiration study demonstrated massive infiltration of myeloma cells (72%). It is necessary to recognize that IgD-lambda type myeloma cells may not be sufficiently metabolically active to form high uptake on FDG-PET/CT.
Internal Medicine 01/2011; 50(14):1483-7. · 0.97 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chylothorax, the accumulation of fatty fluid within the chest cavity, is associated with multiple etiologies including surgical injuries. A rare complication of acupuncture in a 37-year-old woman who developed left pneumothorax and pleural fluid collection after acupuncture was performed on the neck and upper back is described. Chest tube drainage resulted in complete lung expansion, and analysis of the milky fluid revealed chyle leakage. Conservative treatment with a diet low in lipids and rich in medium-chain triacylglycerols allowed extubation. Acupuncture-induced thoracic duct injury, although extremely rare, should be considered as a cause of chylothorax.
Internal Medicine 01/2011; 50(20):2375-7. · 0.97 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 54-year-old man was admitted with complaints of high fever and lumbago. A chest radiograph on admission showed bilateral multiple patchy infiltrations. Chest CT showed multiple nodules of various sizes, some with necrotic centers and feeding vessels in the peripheral areas. Some nodules had wedge-shaped consolidations aboutting the pleura. Echocardiography showed vegetation about 12 x 7 mm in size attached to the tricuspid valve. MR imaging of the lumbar vertebrae showed increased signal intensity in the vertebral bodies in L1-4 in T2-weighted images and a further increase of signal intensity by gadolinium enhancement in T1-weighted images. These findings led to a diagnosis of septic pulmonary embolism accompanied with tricuspid valve endocarditis and pyogenic spondylitis irrespective of a negative blood culture. The fever was reduced and the inflammatory findings and chest radiographs were improved by antibiotic therapy, and then tricuspid valvuloplasty was performed. The characteristic CT features of septic pulmonary embolism, mentioned above, can contribute to an accurate and early diagnosis and proper treatment.
Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society. 06/2003; 41(5):365-9.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: KAI1, which is identical to CD82, was initially identified as a metastasis-suppressor gene for human prostate cancer, and its expression is reported to be a favorable prognostic factor for operable human lung cancer. In this study, we examined the functional role of KAI1/CD82 in the late phase of metastatic spread of human lung-cancer cells. For this, KAI1/CD82 cDNA was introduced into KAI1/CD82 low-expressing human lung-cancer cell lines, SBC-3 and PC-14, and then the metastatic potential of the transformants was analyzed by i.v. inoculation of KAI1/CD82-transduced cells, SBC-3/KAI1 and PC-14/KAI1, into NK cell-depleted SCID mice. Contrary to our expectations, KAI1/CD82 gene transfer promoted multiorgan metastasis of i.v.-inoculated human lung-cancer cells, while s.c. tumor growth was unaffected. Cancer cells from metastatic tumors of NK cell-depleted SCID mice injected i.v. with SBC-3/KAI1 expressed appreciable cell-surface KAI1/CD82, and cells not expressing KAI1/CD82 (revertants) were not detected in the tumors. Our findings indicate that under conditions where the host's natural cytotoxicity is suppressed, KAI1/CD82 may enhance the formation of tumors by circulating lung-cancer cells at metastatic sites.
International Journal of Cancer 11/2001; 94(1):16-23. · 6.20 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Dendritic cells (DC) are professional antigen-presenting cells in the immune system. Gene transduction of DC with tumor-associated antigen (TAA) or other genes that enhance the immune reaction has been considered theoretically useful for DC-based immunotherapy. However, gene transduction of DC generated from human peripheral blood monocytes has been difficult due to its low efficiency, even when adenoviral vector was used at high multiplicity of infection (MOI). In the present study, we examined the effect of centrifugal force to enhance efficiency of adenovirus-mediated gene transduction into human monocyte-derived DC at various rotor speeds at various temperatures for various times. We judged the transduction efficiency using enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP)-expressing adenoviral vector, and the best condition for centrifugal transduction was determined as 2000 x g at 37 degrees C for 2 h at an MOI of 10 or greater. At an MOI of 50 without centrifugation, the gene transduction efficiency was about 66% and mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of EGFP expression was about 150 (at 37 degrees C for 2 h). With centrifugal transduction (2000 x g at an MOI of 50 at 37 degrees C for 2 h), 86% or more DC were gene-modified, and especially, MFI of EGFP expression was highly enhanced (MFI: about 3100 or greater). Centrifugally gene-transduced DC were not damaged and were thoroughly functional as measured by mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR). The centrifugal method was also applicable to human monocytes and K562 cells. The centrifugal transduction method with adenoviral vector might be helpful for the generation of gene-modified DC.
Journal of Immunological Methods 08/2001; 253(1-2):113-24. · 2.23 Impact Factor